This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The European Integration Of The Republic Of Moldova

5938 words - 24 pages

Contents

1.HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL ACCOUNT OF EU-MOLDOVA RELATIONS 2
1.1.Political situation in Moldova. 2
1.2. Establishement of EU-Moldova relations. 3
2. EC-MOLDOVA PARTERSHIP AND COOPERATION AGREEMENT 6
3. THE TRANSNISTRIAN ISSUE AS A SECURITY THREAT FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION 9
4.THE FUTURE OF EU-MOLDOVA RELATIONS 12
REFERENCES: 18

‘’You are well aware that the values on which the EU is built-freedom,democracy,respect for human rights and fundamental freedom,and the rule of law-lie precisely at the heart o the political association and economic integration process which the Eastern Partership offers and which we are pursuing with Moldova.(…) We want to ...view middle of the document...

The Moldovan Constitution was approved in 1994 and modified by the Parliament in 2000. The legislative power of the State lies with the Parliament, which consists of one chamber of 101 deputies elected for a four-year term. Moldova’s legal framework provides a basis for democratic elections. The 2001 parliamentary and 2003 local elections were assessed by the OSCE as free and fair. However, in recent years, the OSCE and the Council of Europe have expressed increasing concerns about the practical implementation of basic democratic principles in Moldova. The judicial system comprises the Supreme Court of Justice, courts of appeal and courts of first instance, as well a system of economic courts including an Economic Court of Appeal. Both the Constitution and the Law on the Court System stipulate that the judicial system is independent from the executive and legislative powers. Judges are appointed by the President of the Republic on a proposal from the Superior Council o Magistracy, except for judges of the Supreme Court of Justice, who are appointed by the Parliament.
In spite of many attempts and changes in the public administration system, reforms has not been completed and institutional capacity in the public remains weak. The government institutions are not able to perform efficiently due to inconsistencies in their functional and institutional framework . At the same time, public opinion polls rank corruption as the second most pressing problem in Moldova after poverty. In 2001, the Government established a coordination council to fight corruption, and in 2004 the Parliament approved the Strategy on Fighting Corruption.

1.2. Establishment of EU-Moldova relations.

Unlike the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe, Moldova has received a rather limited amunt of attention from the European Union. The differentiated EU approach towards Eastern Europe and the Baltic States and the lack of interest towards Moldova were already evident in the first Stability Pact proposed by the French Prime Minister, Edouard Balladur, in 1993. The Pact promoted over 100 bilateral agreements between the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Moldova only addressed the European Union with a request to start negotiations for a Partenership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) in 1994. The agreement was signed at the end of the same year, when the majority of Eastern European countries had already been associated with the European Communities. The ratification process of the PCA Moldova took three and a half years, and the agreement came into force on July 1998. The PCA established the usual set o institutions, with a ministerial-level Cooperation Council, a Cooperation Committee of senior officials assisted by a number of expert working groups, as well as a consultative Parliamentary Comitte for Cooperation, including members of the European and Moldovan Parliaments.
Since 1991, the European Union has provided assistance to Moldova totaling 253...

Other Essays Like The European Integration of the Republic of Moldova

The Arab Republic of Egypt Essay

1318 words - 6 pages Intoduction Egypt,officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel

Uk Membership of the European Essay

709 words - 3 pages UK Membership of the European Union The case for British exit from the European Union 1. Free trade  * Britain could have the opportunity to negotiate new free trade agreements with major EU trade partners and fast-growing emerging countries such as the BRICs, MINTs and Sub Saharan Africa * Britain would benefit from freeing itself from many of the EU's complex and expensive laws & regulations 2. Budget savings

The Sustainability of the European Welfare State

777 words - 4 pages Oral Presentations Today, let’s tale about the sustainability of European welfare state. I have divided my presentation into 4 parts. Firstly the rationale of this presentation will be given. Secondly, I will introduce the findings of what factors influence the sustainability of European welfare state. And it include… after a conclusion of these factors. I will talk about what I have learnt from the research process and the limitations need

The Influence of Northern European Bloggers

4109 words - 17 pages Alyssa Taelman Etude De Marché The influence of Northern European bloggers What influence do bloggers have on fashion? Introduction Nowadays, fashion blogs are all over the Internet, but what exactly is a fashion blog? I will start out by a definition of a fashion blog and a definition of a fashion blogger. Definition fashion blog: a fashion blog is an online medium where all sides of fashion are covered. This

Reasons for the Collapse of the Weimar Republic

1433 words - 6 pages German instability begun even before World War One was brought to an end as Germany signed the armistice on November 11 1918. As the Kaiser abdicated, Social Democratic Party (SPD) chancellor, Phillip Scheidemann, declared Germany a democracy, introducing the Weimar Republic. This regime was born into a world of violence, revolution, defeat and chaos and by late 1918, strikes and mutinies were spreading across the country such as the Kapp and

The Role Of Women In The Roman Republic

3609 words - 15 pages THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE ROMAN REPUBLICTraditionally, women were viewed as weak-minded, or levitas animi, and because of this, they would be closely scrutinized by a male who would act as her guardian. Women were also strictly monitored by not only their husbands and fathers but also by the social restrictions and laws of the time. All is not lost for the women of the Roman Republic however, the contributions of Roman women to history amount to

Analyzing the Role of Euroskepticism in the European Union

2723 words - 11 pages , European states clung to their sovereignty following the Second World War, but began moving in the direction of integration after realizing that mutual cooperation within Europe suited their best interests. In hindsight, integration within Europe has far exceeded initial expectations, as it has led to the establishment of a coherent European governing entity in the European Union (EU) and the creation of the Eurozone as a common market facilitated by

Integration of Mis Books

525 words - 3 pages Why do we need these references? Basically, BA 125 is all about Management Information Systems (MIS), thus we need these references: Management Information Systems for the Information Age (Haag and Cummings, 2010), Database Management Essential Concepts and Techniques in Microsoft Access 2007 (Shelly, Cashman and Vermaat, 2010), and Systems Analysis and Design (Shelly, Cashman, Rosenblatt). All of these books revolve around the concept of MIS

Should Turkey Become a Member of the European Union?

1528 words - 7 pages 1. Introduction 1.1 Problem definition Since centuries Turkey tries to become a part of the European Union. For a long time they remembered just an associate member. A tighter connection was declined by the EU. In 1999 Turkey was given the status of a candidate country and since then a public dispute was made offensively. The possible entry splits science, politics, and the public into two camps. Until today the question if Turkey should

North American Vs European Trends In The Research Of Religion

1697 words - 7 pages the basis of globalization.On the other hand, European trends in the sociological research of religion seem to be more original and have different approaches then in North America. For instance, take Emile Poulat, a French sociologist of religion. His way of conducting research is very unique. As a specialist in Catholicism, he uses special sociological instruments for detailed analyses of phenomena. Ecclesiosphere, a word created by Poulat, is

2.2.1. the Importance of International Trade, Economic Integration and Global Markets to Uk Business Organisations

753 words - 4 pages chance to experience in cultural exchanges between nations. Furthermore, economic integration has become a common trend in the development of economy. The degree of economic integration can be divided into six stages: - Preferential trading area - Free trade area - Customs union - Common market - Economic and monetary union - Complete economic integration Economic integration has brought many benefits to the countries. The more integrated

Related Papers

Integration Of Muslims In The European Society

2031 words - 9 pages within the European Union relative to the integration of Muslims Works Cited Caldwell, Christopher. "Big Ideas Live Here." The New Republic. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2012. <http://www.tnr.com/article/books-and-arts/magazine/103080/europe-islamist-immigration-islamophobia?page=0,1>. Ghosh, Palash R. "France's Muslims: Integration Or Alienation?" International Business Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ibtimes.com/frances

Regional Economic Integration And The Impact Of The Single European Market

2075 words - 9 pages Regional Economic Integration and the Impact of the Single European Market Regional Economic Integration is an agreement between countries to reduce or remove trade barriers so that counties within the agreement will benefit by joining the integration. Without this Regional Economic Integration it was difficult for countries to trade because exporting goods from one country to another always had tariffs and nontariff barriers, making it

Differentiation In The European Union Integration Process

2214 words - 9 pages national interests and ambition still in mind these countries see the European Union and supranational governance and the benefits of peace and prosperity therein as something worthwhile. However, in the history of European integration there has been much conflict and Euroskepticism. Some see unity in diversity and diversity in unity as impossible, and the existence of differentiation in the EU as highly problematic. However, differentiation in

Collapse Of The Weimar Republic Essay

1610 words - 7 pages Assess the collapse of the Weimar Republic Post World War One, Germany faced many political, social and economic crises, each of which weakened the new democracy, yet through its brief period of prosperity in the mid-1920s it was able to maintain power for 14 years. The republic was built on politically unsound foundations, with its early years bringing the detrimental Treaty of Versailles, challenges to the socialist government through