The European Union Essay

2426 words - 10 pages

Pilato 9The Necessity of a Constitution in the European Union[Abstract: Does the European Union need a Constitution? This paper explores the imperative need for the implementation of a Constitution in the European Union.]Patrick PilatoPoli 211March 14V00811579IntroductionThe concept of adding a Constitution to the European Union and advancing the process of integration has been contemplated for many decades. The European Union is a very large and complex organization, and would benefit greatly from something like a Constitution. A Constitution is defined as a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be ...view middle of the document...

The rejection of the Constitution in these two founding member states raised serious question to how necessary the treaty was to the European Union.BackgroundWhat major changes would the Constitution introduce? It envisages a full-time president of the European Council, or European foreign minister, whose role would merge two existing foreign policy jobs; the right of national parliaments to ask for changes to proposed European laws, improved defense and security co-operation; and a Charter of Fundamental Rights. From 2009 in envisages changes to the majority voting system for EU decisions. The Constitution consists of four main parts: Part I is the definition of objectives, powers, decision-making procedures and institutions of the Union. Part II is the charter of fundamental rights. Part III is the policies and actions of the union incorporating the provisions of the current treaties. And part IV is the final clauses including the procedures for adopting and reviewing the Constitution. Its main goals were to replace and organize the overlapping set of existing treaties that comprise the Union's current Constitution, making it simpler to locate documents. To codify uniform human rights throughout the EU and to streamline decision-making in what is now a 28-member organization. The Constitution makes the EU legal system simpler and easier to understand while demonstrating more of a democratic attitude. Instead of several different treaties and 36 different legal instruments there will be one single Treaty and just six types of legal instruments. The Constitution makes EU decision-making fairer and more efficient. Under the present rules, Council decisions in several policy areas have to be taken unanimously. If just one country disagrees with the other 24 it can use its veto to block the decision. That is why the new Constitution changes the rules. The Council of Ministers will take almost all decisions by majority vote, leaving very few issues on which unanimity is required. A decision would instead be approved if it is supported by 55% of the member states representing 65% of the population. It's a simple system that prevents big countries always getting their own way, but also prevents groups of small countries blocking progress for the rest. Individual interests and sovereignty may have to be sacrificed for the state, but in the end decisions will be made for the benefit of Europe as a whole. [0: Guardian News and Media. "What is the EU Constitution?." The Observer. (Accessed March 9, 2014).][1: "Constitutional Treaty - key elements [Archived]." EurActiv.com. (Accessed March 10, 2014).]AnalysisA major benefit of implementing a Constitution would be to have all the legislations organized into one document, making policies and rules easier to locate. Instead of searching through approximately 17 different treaties, they would all be organized into one major document. With the complexity and the seriousness that the treaties of the European...

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