Throughout history, there have been many instruments that have been played to make musical melodies and beautiful sounds that can bring emotion to someone. One of these instruments that has evolved greatly in history is the flute. In fact, the flute family is one of the largest in the woodwind instrument family. There are countless sizes and shapes of different types of flutes. The flute has formed into its greatly known instrumentation of a beautiful, rich sound that has evolved since the beginning of 1320.
The modern metal flute was invented in the nineteenth century by a young man named Theobald Boehm. “The flute has been around for a very long time, but the first metal flute was made by ...view middle of the document...
The oldest flute, known as the bone flute, was found in the Ach Valley of southern Germany. “The nearly intact five-hole flute was meticulously carved with stone tools from the hollow wing-bone of a giant vulture.” (abc.net.au) Other instruments were not found or invented in the early years of earth such as the flute was. The one-piece wooden flute is known as the oldest instrument founded circa 1320. With this flute, it could only be played in the D key. In ancient times with the older ancient flutes, people could play them in different ways, unlike how it is played today in modern time. The old flutes could be held to the right or left side. Some flutes could even be held straight out like a recorder being played.
“The bone flute was found in 12 pieces scattered over an oval area the size of a large plate. It is in superb condition and reveals many details about its manufacture. Nearly 22 centimetres long and 2.2 centimetres in diameter, the instrument has precisely carved markings next to four of the finger holes, probably to indicate where they should be cut. There are two deep, V-shaped notches carved into the end into which the musician blew air into.” (abc.net.au)
The shapes of the bone flute were very different compared to Boehm's metal flute. Unlike the metal flute that musicians play in the twenty-first century, the bone flute had two holes used for blowing air into to form a musical sound.
During the sixteenth century when the flute was still in the process of evolving, the modern flute came into the picture. However, the flute still did not have all of the keys on it or holes like it did when Boehm invented the medal flute in 1830. “About 1670 the flute became more and more popular. The flute was made in three pieces and got its first key: The d sharp key, which we still have on the modern flute; it is the key for your right little finger. This flute is nowadays called the baroque flute.” (flutekids.eu) In divergent locations in the world, intonation problems arose with the instrument. Depending on the weather of the country or city, the pitch of the flute would either sound sharp or flat.
“As time progressed, there began to appear more keys on the flute and different types of fingerings. Usually depending on if it is cold in the area you play your flute in, your intonation will sound flat. If the area you play in is warm, usually your pitch will be too sharp.” (Missy Cabiness)
Weather still affects the pitch of any instrument. Depending on the the humidity, there can be pitch problems.
As Theobald Boehm invented the modern metal flute in the year of 1830, he also invented the piccolo. “A piccolo is a small flute, the word "piccolo" being the Italian word for "little". It’s half the size of a flute, and its notes are one octave higher.” (library.thinkquest.org) Piccolos can either be wooden, bamboo, or metal. As time progressed in history, more metal flutes were manufactured.
“The sounds of a piccolo can be quite bright and...