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The Great Wall Of China Essay

1215 words - 5 pages

The Great Wall of China One of the greatest wonders of the world is the Great Wall. It is the world's largest military structure. It's very important due to its incredible history. It is more than 2,000 years old. Stretching 4,500 miles from the mountains of Korea to the Gobi desert, it was first built to protect the ancient Chinese empire from raiding tribes from the north (Discovering great wall;webcrawler.com). Eventually, it evolved into something much greater. It took the efforts of 3 dynasties to complete the masterpiece that stands today. The Qin, Han, and Ming dynasties all contributed to the construction of the Great Wall. The Great Wall is a series of walls built and ...view middle of the document...

This was started to protect China from intruders. Qin was a harsh ruler who basically had thought control over the people. People were not allowed to speak out against the emperor. Many books were burned if the book was not about the Qin family. This was done to prevent free thinking. If someone spoke bad about the empire or was an intellectual, they were sentenced to forced labor on the Great Wall. Many people feared labor at the Wall because it was a death sentence. Everyone died while working at the Great Wall (Secrets of Great Wall;webcrawler.com). Qin's harsh ruling, resulted in a 3,000 mile Wall. Much of the Qin Wall was built with dryland native stone.But where stone was scarce, engineers built the Wall from layers of compacted earth. The compacted earth process began with a simple wooden frame. Workers filled the frame with loose earth, which was then reduced into a compact layer 4 inches thick. The process was repeated layer upon layer, and the Wall was a stunning project that the Qin dynasty constructed. The extreme harsh rule of Qin Shi Huang, caused the empire to collapse 1 year after emperor Qin's death (Forgotten wonders; yahoo.com). The Qin dynasty lasted from 221 B.C- 209 B.C. After the collapse of the Qin empire, China was one chaotic land. Qin Shi Huang's Wall started to fall apart, suffering from years of neglect (Great Wall;askjeeves.com). In 206 B.C, the Han dynasty rose to power and began to move the empire in a new direction. For a while, China had many threats from fierce outsiders, such as the Xiongnu. Seventy years after the Han dynasty began, the greatest of the Han emperors, Han Wu-Di, crushed the Xiongnu friction once and for all. To maintain the peace, and safety in China, Han Wu-Di, began China's second great campaign of Wall building. Emperor Han Wu-Di gathered engineers to restore the crumbling Qin Wall and extended it 300 miles more across the Gobi desert, in Central Asia. With Central Asia under Han control, safe caravan routes known as silk roads, were established. This opened the doorway of China, to the commerce and culture of the world (Secrets of Great Wall;britannica.com). Trade became very popular in China. Constructing the Great Wall in the Gobi Desert, was a big task for Emperor Han's engineers. Since the desert is dry and has poor soil...

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