The Greenhouse Gases And Its Causes And Effects On The Earth

941 words - 4 pages

When the “the Greenhouse Effect” is mentioned, most people would probably assume that global warming forms “a hole” in the ozone layer making the biosphere a hotter place. It is true that Global warming is caused by the ozone layer slowly depleting and making Earth’s conditions warmer, but the Greenhouse Effect is mainly caused by a layer of gases under the Earth’s atmosphere. These gases, known as the Greenhouse Gases are made up of many gases such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Unlike what most people think, greenhouse gases are not harmful to the Earth. Just like a greenhouse for plants in the winter, the greenhouse gases are ...view middle of the document...

A useful metaphor for the effects of CO2 is, “just as a sheet of paper will block more light than an entire pool of clear water, so the trace of CO2 altered the balance of heat radiation through the entire atmosphere”.
The presence of ozone is very important the Earth’s atmosphere. Ozone works almost as a filter and protects the ground levels of earth from harmful UV rays. With every bit of ozone that is depleted, twice the amount of harmful UV rays hit the surface of the Earth. These harmful rays will make the Earth’s environment much warmer and could cause disruption of growth cycles and food chains.
Methane is also classified as a greenhouse gas with a very large potential to make global warming a lot worse. Methane in the atmosphere is oxidized and eventually converts in to carbon dioxide and water, then taking on the greenhouse effects of carbon dioxide.
The sun is known for being the base of all energy in all ecosystems. It provides the energy, heat, and light that is essential to support life. In the greenhouse effect, the sun gives off solar and ultraviolet radiation to the Earth. The atmosphere absorbs ultraviolet and solar radiation and sends it out to space, protecting the inhabitants of the planet. The solar radiation that isn’t sent off to space reaches the Earth’s surface and is absorbed. The Radiation is then converted into heat energy (Infrared radiation) that is then sent back into the atmosphere. As the Infrared radiation passes through the greenhouse gas molecules in the atmosphere, it is absorbed and then re-emitted back into the Earth. This re-emitted radiation once again heats the Earth’s surface thus causing warmth in the Earth’s atmosphere.
The greenhouse gases in the right amounts are not harmful to the Earth in any way. For centuries, they...

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