The Highland Clearances Re Examined Essay

1562 words - 7 pages

The popular conception of the Highland clearances depicts a simple, clear-cut tale of injustice depicted through sensational images of massacre and destruction. The clanship is often romanticised and the issues surrounding the clearances often trivialised to the extent that process of homogenisation occurs whereby all historical data becomes subsumed into one overriding dominant narrative. Usually glorifying the Higlanders and villifying the Southerners. Unsurprising as most accounts were written by one side or the other. Thus it is important to keep an objective viewpoint. For instance, many accounts talk of the years before the clearances having been a golden age.

The very idea of ...view middle of the document...

I have seen misery in Wales, but till I came into the country, I had no idea of humans or indeed other creatures existing in such habitations as I have seen and their food, if possible, still worse.’ (Grenville quoted in Richards 1982:95)

Thus it can be argued that the days before the clearances were anything but a golden age. The Clanship was a politically unstable, violent society wrought with war and poverty. Famine and starvation were commonplace before the clearances even began.

It is clear that the Highlands were economically and politically backward with no central planning or fiscal policy. Each autonomous tribe made its own rules and people very much relied on subsistence agriculture for food. Methods of farming were thoroughly pernicious and unproductive. At the same time, the South of Britain was relatively wealthy with a centralized industrialized economy. Britain was arguably the most powerful country in the world.

Clearly there was great need for change in the Highlands. The motivation for parliament to make these changes was national security. After all a Highland lead army had gotten as far South as Derby whilst attempting to overthrow the British King. The fifth such rebellion in a relatively short space of time. One parlimentarian tabled a motion that all Highland women should be sterilized so that the cursed Highlander race be wiped from the face of the earth. Whilst such a policy was not pursued it was reflective of the strength of anti Highland feeling which existed at the time.

Immediately after the 1745 Battle of Culloden the clearances began. ‘It began with the extermination of the wounded who still lay on the battlefield and was continued by the imposition of martial law, the shooting and hanging of fugitives, the driving of stock and the burning of house and cottage.’ (www.home.clara.net). Their initial purpose was to eliminate any Jacobite threat. They aimed to destroy the clanship society. Prisoners were

taken and tried in England. Some were executed by axe or rope. Many more were transported as indentured servants to the American colonies.

Highland chiefs were executed for the mere suspicion of insubordination, thus eventually all clan chiefs became answerable to the Southern administration as opposed to their own people. They were granted legal ownership of the lands which their peoples occupied as part of the process of bringing in law and order to a previously chaotic region. Many mixed with the English upper classes and lived the high life in London.

To pay for their new lifestyles many chiefs began to abuse their newfound legal powers exploiting their own people. They decided to make their land yield as high an income as possible regardless of humanitarian cost. For example in one case tenants were banned from making their own bread and forced to buy any bread from mills at an inflated price. Landlords letted the best land to the highest bidders, usually for cattle grazing.

Yet...

Other Essays Like The Highland Clearances Re-Examined

Scotch Blended Essay

2416 words - 10 pages practice in the U.K. to bring out the complex flavors and aromas of scotch. Another popular drink is called the “Three Wise Men,” consisted of equal parts of Jack Daniel’s, Jim Beam and Johnnie Walker. The most popular is called the “Scottish Highland liqueur.” It consists of one fifth Johnnie Walker Red, 1 ½ cupsmild honey, chopped angelica root, fennel seeds and strips of lemon peels. All these ingredients are combined in an ageing container to sit

Supply Chain Essay

5419 words - 22 pages  countries  other than GCC to local, for the purpose of re‐ export to overseas countries other than GCC.   To import goods from Free Zones to Local for  the purpose of re‐export to overseas countries  other than GCC   To import goods from Customs Warehouses to  Local for the purpose of re‐export to overseas  countries other than GCC   To import goods to a Customs Warehouse  from overseas countries other than GCC.  To import goods to Customs Warehouses

A Zero Wage

636 words - 3 pages APPROACH: Thorough examination of the case was done to understand the details. The business scenario and the case problem were examined carefully. Positive and negative findings of the case were analyzed and various topics such as Employee Pay Programs, Employee Involvement Programs and Motivation Theories were studied to come up with the possible solutions to the problem. CONTENT: “House, Hearth & home,” a large hardware, furniture

Sociology: Class Stratification

596 words - 3 pages . Westergaard (1995) re-examined capitalist societies in Britain in this works entitled “Who Gets What? The Harding of Class in the Late 20th Century”. On order to update and perhaps even revise his findings he concentrated on the affects of privatisation and free market implemented by governments. It became clear that the previous Westergaard and Resler observation that governments favour the interests of the capitalists – ruling class. Westergaard

Midland Energy Resources

1770 words - 8 pages capital (WACC) which is: ( )( ) ( ) rd= Cost of debt re= Cost of equity D= Market value of debt E= Market value of equity V= D+E= Value of the company (or division) T= Tax rate First, we can calculate “rd” for each division as it is outlined in the case by adding a premium/spread over US Treasury securities of a similar maturity. In other words: ( ) The two tables in the case are as follows: Table 1 Business Segment

Strategic Plan Intel Corp

792 words - 4 pages issue has been examined and when proposals are identified for issue resolution. The Issue Report is later amended further in order to record what option was decided upon, and finally updated when the implementation has been verified and the issue is closed. Derivation The Issue Report may be derived from the following:- * The format and composition of the Issue Report will be defined in the Configuration Management Strategy * Highlight

Compare and Contrast Kantianism and Utilitarianism

1137 words - 5 pages whether or not one should tell a lie depends on the consequences. Suppose I’m a doctor who have just examined a patient who did not know yet that he has an incurable terminal illness. If I follow utilitarianism, I will lie about his situation, knowing that the truth will immediately cause more pain. Thus, I would prefer to lie and tell the patient, "Hang in there, you'll recover soon enough." At this point the difference between the two starts getting

Accounting Memo

1075 words - 5 pages MEMO To: Client From: Accounting Firm Re: Lawsuit Pending lawsuits against a company are both expensive and detrimental to a company’s image. The decision to understand the implications of a lawsuit to the company is the first step in minimizing risk and potential loss to the organization. Research was conducted based on the guidelines of the FASB to answer the client’s questions pertaining to the lawsuit. The memo provided to

Cacther of the Rye

1630 words - 7 pages him gone Holden’s viewing of people in the present life becomes bias. “Just because somebody’s dead, you just don’t stop liking them especially if they were about a thousand times nicer than the people you know that’re alive an all”(pg.171). The following quote highlights that Holden’s view of people in the present life is very disoriented causing him to hate the world and nearly everyone in it, thus, providing us with a very

John F Kennedy

1181 words - 5 pages Committee on Ballistic Acoustics to re-examine the findings of a 1979 House Committee that disproved the one gunman theory held by the Warren Commission. Mr. Richard Garwin chaired the 1982 Committee and reversed their opinion and once again found there to be only one gunman. So, at this point we now have a group from the scientific community affirming the findings of the Warren Commission. One would have reasoned that this must be the truth and

Observation of a New Boson at a Mass of 125 Gev with the Cms Experiment at the Lhc

851 words - 4 pages ], most analyses have been re-optimized, incorporating improvements in reconstruction performance and event selection, and mitigating the more challenging conditions due to the higher LHC intensities in 2012. The new analyses presented herein, of 8 TeV samples, and of 7 TeV samples featuring modified event selection criteria, were performed in a “blind” way: the algorithms and selection procedures were formally approved and fixed before the results

Related Papers

Renewble Energy Essay

2153 words - 9 pages 31.01.2009) 77.50 MW 998.85 MW 163.83 MW 232.90 MW 3.66 MW Cumulative Achievement 683.30 MW 9755.85 MW 2344.67 MW 1033.73 MW 58.91 MW 2.12 MW 13,878.58 MW (Source: MNRE) Current achievement in terms of installed capacity is 2.09% of the potential estimated by WISE. Note: Resource potential of other RE sources including offshore, wind, wave, tidal, biogas-based power not considered *India has a total desert area of 208110 sq.km. 3 4

Correlational Design Essay

758 words - 4 pages and criminal behavior was found to be negatively correlated. The results infer that family structure is an important factor in determining the behavior of a juvenile. A weakness of this study is that it was conducted in one global region and one only one gender was sampled which could lead to a misunderstanding of juveniles around the world. The second article Correlates of Re-arrest among Felony Domestic Violence Probationers (Johnson, 2008

The Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living

1240 words - 5 pages around him and see how to make the world a better place. He argued that with the absence of his examined life will, there was no value of living. Therefore, Socrates claimed that for a human being to live a worthy life, everyone should question, examine and re-examine the values of their lives daily (Kamtekar, 154). This paper explores the meaning and the significance of the Socrates claim that “the unexamined life is not worth living” focusing on

Land Acquisition Essay

3445 words - 14 pages previous government, and to some extent the present one as well, have failed to gain from this opportunity. In an attempt to push this sector, the ruling party came with certain reforms in the form of early environmental clearances and moderating the Land Acquisition Bill passed during the past regime. But as expected in the political conundrum, the bill was rebuked in the Upper House of the Parliament, where opposition is in majority. What our