Running Head: The History of Disease
The History of Disease
Disease has dated back sense the beginning of time and is one of the leading factors that have wiped out several civilizations. Diseases are abnormal changes or symptoms that occur in the body. Diseases are closely related to homeostasis because during homeostasis the body is trying to remain stable; but the disease will not allow it. In addition, disease goes hand in hand with disorders, as well as syndromes. Many diseases were discovered in fossils and are now being prevented by immunizations and several other technical advantages.
Among these fossils, signs of osteomyelitis, tuberculosis, arthritis, rickets, and bone ...view middle of the document...
If these humors or fluids were not in balance Hippocrates believed it could cause disease. The respect of the human body was shared by the Romans and Greeks which shared similar beliefs. Romans adopted health measurements that prevented some diseases. Marcus Terentius Varro was able to describe small creatures that were invisible to the eyes. An imperial physician by the name of Galen wanted to use dissection to prove his theories, however, the religion did not believe in this. The fall of Rome affected the scientific knowledge which caused many diseases such as the Bubonic Plague, leprosy, cholera and syphilis. During the Renaissance era, Leonardo da Vinci and Andreas Vesalius contributed to the advances in medicine. During the renaissance modern anatomy was developed and the most significant invention of the sixteenth century, the microscope, was invented.
Throughout the history of disease, new infections have suddenly appeared. Three diseases that have emerged in the past twenty years are AIDS, H1N1, and tuberculosis. Of these three emerging diseases the most rapidly growing disease is AIDS. AIDS is the final and most serious stage of HIV disease, which causes severe damage to the immune system. The first cases of AIDS were reported in 1981. Since then, this devastating infection has been found to be caused by a virus that attacks the core of the body’s defense system. There is still no known cure for the immune deficiency that AIDS causes. However, some success of treating the drug has been met by treating the disease with drugs that stops the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
According to statistics, AIDS is the fifth leading causes of death among people ages 25-44 in the...