The History Of The American Bottom

3627 words - 15 pages

The History of the American Bottom

Two of the nations largest rivers meet in the American Bottom. The Mississippi and Missouri Rivers served as channels of change to the area, bringing outside influences of many different peoples to an Indian-inhabited land. Like the constant flow of the rivers, there was a constant change in the American Bottom. The progress eventually developed the area into a center of economic activity and gateway to the west, but also excluded native and long-time residents. The Illinois Indians long dominated the American Bottom. They were a unique and special tribe, who were complex politically, religiously, and socially. They were also an independent people ...view middle of the document...

War, disease, alcohol, and new ways of life eventually exterminated the Illinois. Although the Illinois were not to make it through the development of the American Bottom, they played a crucial and fascinating role in its history.

The land the Illinois lived was not only beautiful but also abundant with resources. The resources in the area amazed the French missionaries and explorers. Father Claude Allois, a Jesuit missionary, describes an interesting spectacle on a journey south. “The next day, we saw a rock seven or eight feet out of the water and two or three brasses in circumference, named ‘the pitch rock.’ Indeed, one could see the pitch trickling down in little threads on the side on which the sun was warming it. We took some and found it good for pitching canoes; and I make use of it for sealing my letters.” (Relations 159) Here we can see how the Europeans were amazed by the new treasures they were finding in the New World. The weather allowed them to grow a variety of crops including corn and other crops such as pumpkins and squash. This proved to be an important reason why the French and English both wanted control over the land. Control over this land meant control of an abundant amount of resources. More importantly though, the Illinois Country served as an important communication artery between Louisiana and Canada.

(Schmidt 5) This is another reason why their land was in such demand by colonial powers. The French had ruled trade in Illinois Country since 1673 but the English knew how important that land was to colonial success. This was likely the reason that the English supplied weapons and supplies to the Iroquois during the war with the Illinois. Although the intention of the Jesuit missionaries was just, the French traders rarely cared for the Illinois. In fact, it was the exploitation of their people and their land that ended with the eventual fall of the Illinois Confederacy. How did this happen though? What specific factors contributed to this decline and eventual end of Illinois culture?

As stated before, the Illinois were a very autonomous and strong tribe. In other words, the Illinois had always been able to provide for themselves and what they did provide was considerably better than that which other tribes could provide. With the arrival of the French, this was all to change. The French were almost exclusively responsible for the decline of the Illinois. One way in which this occurred was the introduction of Christianity to the Illinois. Christianity is a religion in which there are only monogamous marriages. This contrasted with the Illinois culture as they had always had multiple wives. Having multiple wives produced a great deal of offspring. When many of the Illinois began practicing Christianity the birth rate began to decline because many of them only took one wife. (Hauser 46-56)

Another reason for their decline was the wars that the Illinois fought. The first of which we have record were the...

Other Essays Like The History of the American Bottom

Fortune at the Bottom of Pyramid

4197 words - 17 pages Assistance Report, December 2008. 2. World Economic Forum : The Next Billions : Unleashing Business Potential in Untapped Markets, January 2009 (prepared in collaboration with The Boston Consulting Group). 3. IFC & WRI : The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of thePyramid; 2007. 4. Stephen C. Smith : Ending Global Poverty : A Guide to What Works; 2005. 5. C.K. Prahalad : The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid

The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid

1658 words - 7 pages The Fortune at The Bottom of The Pyramid The Fortune at The Bottom of The Pyramid The first thing I want to say is about “Poverty”. 2000 years ago, in ancient China, an philosopher Lao Zi called: Giving a man a fish and you will feed him for a day, teaching a man to fish and you will feed him for a lifetime. C.K. Prahalad (1941-2010) devoted his life to the basic questions such as what is poverty. How is it measured

Teamwork Affects the Bottom Line

1020 words - 5 pages performance to meet standards. I do believe that these will help me to encourage, support, motivate and reward staff members. Quotes about teamwork and team pay: "Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress; working together is success.”― Henry Ford “There is no 'i' in team but there is in win.”― Michael Jordan “The bottom line is, when people are crystal clear about the most important priorities of the organization and team they work with and prioritized their work around those top priorities, not only are they many times more productive, they discover they have the time they need to have a whole life.” ― Stephen Covey

Undergarments for the Bottom Half Diversion and Classify

1742 words - 7 pages Undergarments for the Bottom Half Men: Briefs, Boxers, Boxer Briefs, Bikinis Women: Hip Huggers, Briefs/Boy-Shorts, Bikinis, Thongs and Cheekies The word undergarment is a term that refers to the intimate articles of under-clothing that people wear under their outer-clothing. From underwear of all types, to bra's, undershirts to girdles, even jock-straps, slips and lingerie. The word includes them all, and maybe more. Myself, I think

The Cycles of American History by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr

1142 words - 5 pages The Cycles of American History by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. The book The Cycles of American History by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. is a very interesting book about the history of America. The book was published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. The author Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., graduate and professor of history from Harvard College class of 1938, is the son of the famous historian Arthur Schlesinger Sr. Arthur Jr. is known for his books

The History Of The American Education System: A Look At The 1900s

2059 words - 9 pages The History of the American Education System: A look at the 1900s The dawn of the 1900s brought with it progressive education. With a growing population due to an influx of immigrants, many cities decided to build more schools. Chicago was one such city. Before 1889, the city of Chicago had only five high schools. By 1990, the Chicago Board of Education had developed the Chicago Normal School, 15 high schools and 234

History of American Education

553 words - 3 pages History of American Education Nimiwari Ighofose AED/201 April 16th, 2010. Amber Wilton History of American Education The three major periods in the history of American education are: • The Colonial Period (1607-1775) • The Early National Period (1775-1820) • The Common School Movement (1820-1865) The two major eras in the history of American education are: • The Progressive Era • The Modern

The History Of Medicare

1329 words - 6 pages /history/chrono.html Rosenblatt R.A., Andrilla C.H., Curtin T., Hart, L.G. .Shortages of medical personnel at community health centers. The Journal of the American Medical Association. AMA. 2006;295(9):1042-1049. doi: 10.1001/jama.295.9.1042. Retrieved from http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/295/9/1042.full Congressional Budget Office (2007). The long term outlook for health care spending. Retrieved from http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/87xx/doc8758/MainText.3.1.shtml#1077141

The Objectivity Of History

1323 words - 6 pages The Objectivity of History The issues that are raised in this source by Marc Trachtenberg are is whether or not objectivity is still a relevant idea, and if it is not then is history in fact dying. Keith Jenkins' "What is History?," Carl Becker's "What are Historical Facts?" and Richard Evans' "In Defence of History" will be used to discuss and examine these issues. Marc Trachtenberg is questioning if objectivity is possible and desirable

The History Of Baseball

1748 words - 7 pages The History of Baseball Deeply embedded in the folklore of American sports is the story of baseball's supposed invention by a young West Point cadet, Abner Doubleday, in the summer of 1839 at the village of Cooperstown, New York. Because of the numerous types of baseball, or rather games similar to it, the origin of the game has been disputed for decades by sports historians all over the world. In 1839, in Cooperstown, New York, Doubleday

History Of The Computer

1233 words - 5 pages History of the Computer The history of the computer can be dated back for years and years and there is still much more to learn and know as we advance our knowledge with this technology. Webster's Dictionary defines computer as, “any programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data” (A brief 2004). The core word compute in computer has been termed for over 2000 years. In the beginning, a wooden rack holding

Related Papers

The American Bottom Essay

3628 words - 15 pages The History of the American Bottom Two of the nations largest rivers meet in the American Bottom. The Mississippi and Missouri Rivers served as channels of change to the area, bringing outside influences of many different peoples to an Indian-inhabited land. Like the constant flow of the rivers, there was a constant change in the American Bottom. The progress eventually developed the area into a center of economic activity and gateway to

Bottom Of The Pyramid Essay

989 words - 4 pages Marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid Until recently, the least important market segment has been the most poor, lower-income individuals and families. According to Professor C.K. Prahalad, the “bottom of the pyramid”, also referred to as the BOP, is made up of nearly 4 billion people who survive on $2 a day or less. Making up approximately a quarter of the world’s population, these four billion people hold $14 trillion in purchasing power

Bottom Of The Pyramid Essay

2864 words - 12 pages CASE 33 Marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid Professor C. K. Prahalad’s seminal publication, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, suggests an enormous market at the “bottom of the pyramid” (BOP)—a group of some 4 billion people who subsist on less than $2 a day. By some estimates, these “aspirational poor,” who make up three-fourths of the world’s population, represent $14 trillion in purchasing power, more than Germany, the United

Marketing To The Bottom Of Pyramid

1086 words - 5 pages Case Study Assignment ------------------------------------------------- Marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid Case Study: Bottom Of The Pyramid 1) Firstly, firms have to understand that the BOP market is living in a vastly different environment from the urban countries hence they have to cooperate with the local government to reach out to this segment. Marketing to the BOP market require major considerations on the type of product to