The History Of The Aztec Indians And How They Succeded In Being As Great As They Were

704 words - 3 pages

The AztecsThe Aztec Indians, who are known for theirdomination of southern and central Mexico, ruled between the14th and 16th centuries. Their name is derived fromAzatlan, the homeland of the north. The Aztecs also callthemselves Mexica and there language came from the Nahuatlanbranch of the Uto-Aztecan family.The Aztecs were formed after the Toltec civilizationoccurred when hundreds of civilians came towards Laketexcoco. Late families were unfortunate and were forced togo to the swamp lands. In the swamp lands there was onlyone piece of land to farm on and it was totally surroundedby more marshes . The Aztec families some how convertedthese disadvantages to a might empire known as they AztecEmpire. People say the empire was partially formed by adeeply believed legend. As the the ...view middle of the document...

On these chinapas Aztecs grew corn, beans,chili peppers, squash, tomatoes, and tobacco. Tenochtitlan(the capital city) was covered in giant religious statues inorder to pay their respects to the gods. In the Aztecreligion numerous gods controlled an Aztec's daily life.Some of these gods include: Uitzilpochtli (the sun god),Coyolxauhqui (the moon goddess), Tlaloc (the rain god), andQuetzalcoatl (the inventor of the calendar and writing).Another part of the Aztec religion was human sacrifices.For their sacrifices the priest would lay the man or womanover a convex (rounded) stone, then he would take a sharpknife and cut the victims heart out. They did this becausethey believed that good gods could prevent bad gods fromdoing evil things and they also believed that good gods gottheir strength from human blood and hearts so they hadsacrifices in order to keep their gods strong. For majorrituals warriors were sacrificed, for the warrior this wasone of the greatest honors and for minor rituals prisonerswere used. In an Aztec marriage the grooms shirt is tiedto the brides dress in order to express there bonding andafter the wedding incents were burned for 4 days beforeproceeding with the marriage.In 1519 Hernando Cortes, a Spanish explorer, ledover 500 men into Aztec territory to search for gold.Aztecs thought he was a representative for a certain whiteskinned god so they respected him. It all changed when theAztecs saw that Hernando was melting down their goldenstatues and shipping them back to Spain. The Aztecs decidedto attack Hernando and his men. The Aztecs were successfuland drove the Spanish away. In 1520 the Spanish attackedthe Aztec's capital city and destroyed their civilization.That was the end of the Aztec's mighty empire had built solong ago.Work Cited1) "Aztec Indians". Young Students Learning Library.19932) Encarta '96. CD-ROM. U.S.Microsoft, 1996 .

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