The History of the Soviet Union
The Russian Empire, covering over one-sixth of the world, is governed
by the sovereignty of Czar Ivan the Terrible. The feudal system oppresses
every man, woman and child as the Czar releases "Tax Collectors" to
maintain support for the nobles in the land. Brigands and financial
extortionists persecute any lower class citizen who refuses to help
contribute to the Czar's regime.
Under Czar Peter I (Peter the Great), the Russian Empire begins to
flourish with traces of traditional social structure modifications in the
country. Observing the radical advances of western civilizations, Peter
orders the modernization ...view middle of the document...
assembly (called a Duma) was convened a total of four times during the
first World War and gave legitimacy to other political factions within the
empire and would hopefully increase civil rights.
World War I led to the abdication (resignation) of the Czar as the
people revolted against his useless monarchy. Famine, disease and death
were spreading like wildfire as the Russians aided France against the
militia of Germany during World War I. The population lost its faith in the
monarchy and installed a provisional government that would keep the country
from disintegrating. However, this government refused to intervene during
the fragile years of the war and lost its power to a communist party called
the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Nikolai
Lenin), overthrew the provisional government and implemented their style of
authority to the empire. Their objectives were to lead the Russian empire
into prosperity while utilizing Karl Marx's proposed doctrine for a
communal, classless environment where the workers will be using their
abilities to satisfy their own needs. The Union was now born and the
Communist Manifesto was finally going to be activated. The C zar and his
family were captured and executed, thus ending the oppressive autocracy
that had befallen the empire for hundreds of years. Eventually, the central
government was overtaken by Lenin and his military leaders, Leon Trotsky
and Josef Stalin. Although a minority party, the Bolsheviks decided to
implement capitalistic modifications to the fragile economy in order to aid
the communistic backlash that would follow. The New Economic Policy (NEP)
created by Lenin would allow peasants to keep a certain amount of profit
for themselves, rather than having the government subsidize all of it.
Unfortunately, Lenin died just as his policy had started to work.
The two apparent heirs to Lenin's regime were Josef Stalin and Leon
Trotsky. Although Trotsky was better suited for the position (with his
strong political inclinations towards reasonable social adaptability),
Josef Stalin assumed controlled and subsequently ordered the exile of all
apposing cabinet ministers, including Trotsky. Anyone in the Union who
objected to his decisions was sent to Siberian prison camps or murdered. He
now had full control without any intervention from other liberal or
moderate parties. He decided to concentrate on improving military strength
and building on improving the Soviet economy, rather than follow Lenin's
revolutionary goal of dominating the world. In order to obtain the immense
amount of money needed to maintain his militia, he began a series of five
year programs which would force the average farmer to meet a quota by the
end of the harvest and then have the state subsidize all of the production.
This system, aptly...