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The History Of The Soviet Union

1272 words - 6 pages

The History of the Soviet Union

The Russian Empire, covering over one-sixth of the world, is governed

by the sovereignty of Czar Ivan the Terrible. The feudal system oppresses

every man, woman and child as the Czar releases "Tax Collectors" to

maintain support for the nobles in the land. Brigands and financial

extortionists persecute any lower class citizen who refuses to help

contribute to the Czar's regime.


Under Czar Peter I (Peter the Great), the Russian Empire begins to

flourish with traces of traditional social structure modifications in the

country. Observing the radical advances of western civilizations, Peter

orders the modernization ...view middle of the document...

This representative

assembly (called a Duma) was convened a total of four times during the

first World War and gave legitimacy to other political factions within the

empire and would hopefully increase civil rights.


World War I led to the abdication (resignation) of the Czar as the

people revolted against his useless monarchy. Famine, disease and death

were spreading like wildfire as the Russians aided France against the

militia of Germany during World War I. The population lost its faith in the

monarchy and installed a provisional government that would keep the country

from disintegrating. However, this government refused to intervene during

the fragile years of the war and lost its power to a communist party called

the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Nikolai

Lenin), overthrew the provisional government and implemented their style of

authority to the empire. Their objectives were to lead the Russian empire

into prosperity while utilizing Karl Marx's proposed doctrine for a

communal, classless environment where the workers will be using their

abilities to satisfy their own needs. The Union was now born and the

Communist Manifesto was finally going to be activated. The C zar and his

family were captured and executed, thus ending the oppressive autocracy

that had befallen the empire for hundreds of years. Eventually, the central

government was overtaken by Lenin and his military leaders, Leon Trotsky

and Josef Stalin. Although a minority party, the Bolsheviks decided to

implement capitalistic modifications to the fragile economy in order to aid

the communistic backlash that would follow. The New Economic Policy (NEP)

created by Lenin would allow peasants to keep a certain amount of profit

for themselves, rather than having the government subsidize all of it.

Unfortunately, Lenin died just as his policy had started to work.


The two apparent heirs to Lenin's regime were Josef Stalin and Leon

Trotsky. Although Trotsky was better suited for the position (with his

strong political inclinations towards reasonable social adaptability),

Josef Stalin assumed controlled and subsequently ordered the exile of all

apposing cabinet ministers, including Trotsky. Anyone in the Union who

objected to his decisions was sent to Siberian prison camps or murdered. He

now had full control without any intervention from other liberal or

moderate parties. He decided to concentrate on improving military strength

and building on improving the Soviet economy, rather than follow Lenin's

revolutionary goal of dominating the world. In order to obtain the immense

amount of money needed to maintain his militia, he began a series of five

year programs which would force the average farmer to meet a quota by the

end of the harvest and then have the state subsidize all of the production.

This system, aptly...

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