The Human Rights Implications of Food Crisis
Law, 07031071, Yue Luo Law, 07031047, Caiyun Liang
【Abstract】When food crisis becomes a serious problem to the whole world, its various effects have appeared and spread quickly in different fields. Food crisis greatly impacts on certain human rights. From a perspective of humanism, many international organizations have taken measures to help the suffered countries to get through the hardship. With the development of theory, it is widely accepted that “Human Rights” should be shared universally and every country has obligations to protect citizens’ human rights.
【Key Words】Human rights; food crisis; humanitarian ...view middle of the document...
ⅡFraming the problem in Human rights
On 27 May, 2008, in the first thematic special session on the world food crisis, Human Rights Council gave a statement that, “The world food crisis is a global human rights emergency that has been fueled by violations of human rights”. The organization had documented discrimination, obstruction of necessary humanitarian assistance and other human violations leading to mass hunger in a range of countries, in particular, Myanmar, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan (Darfur) and Zimbabwe. Therefore, food crisis raised related concerns in UN.
Ⅲ. The impacts of food crisis
Food price in the world has risen at a surprising rate since in 2006. A datum given by FAO shows that in 2006, the price has been raised by 12 percent; in both 2007 and 2008, it has raised by 24 percent from January to August. The increase of price has been over 50 percent. From Africa to America, from developing countries to the developed counties, more and more counties are confronting this problem. In the south area of Sahara, there are 300 million poor people whose daily expenses are below one dollar. Many countries have to depend on food import.
Looking back to the horrible tsunami, the soaring food price has raised the over-all riot and innumerous violent protests. Since the first month in April 2008, Egyptian riot resulted in one dead and 15 others injured; a week of Haiti’s violent protests, resulted in 5 people killed and 20 others injured, including the attacks to the United Nations peacekeepers; In Cameroon, in February of that year, due to the food crisis, triggered riots deprived of 40 lives, and the protests have continued till that month; Philippine government strengthened the security measures to prevent the looting of rice warehouses, and combated illegal food hoarding.
Ⅳ. Linking the Impacts of Food Crisis to Human Rights
“Human rights” are generally referred to as “In certain social conditions, basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled”.Examples of rights and freedoms which have come to be commonly thought of as human rights include civil and political rights, such as the right to life, the right to health; and social, cultural and economic rights, including the right to food, the right to peace and so on.
A. Right to Life
The right to life is increasingly understood to include traditional protection against intentional or arbitrary deprivation of life, as well as every country’s obligation to ensure that every individual within its boundaries has access to means of survival. The right to life is protected in both the UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights) and the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights). Article 3 of the UDHR provides “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”. Article 6(1) of the ICCPR provides “every human being has the inherent right to life. This right is protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily...