1. The impact of HIV and Aids on Education, Health, Households and Gender. 2. How development factors can deal with the impact of HIV and Aids on development. |
Development Studies Assignment number 6 DVA1501 |
PJW September – Student Number 48598070 |
Table of Contents
Impact on Education 2
Impact on the Health Sector 3
Impact on Households 4
Impact on Gender 5
Impact of HIV and Aids on development6
List of Sources8
Since 1981, when the first cases of AIDS were diagnosed, the world has been facing the deadliest epidemic in modern history. Nearly 30 years after the start of the epidemic, mortality caused by AIDS has attained ...view middle of the document...
An increasing number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa face a shortage of teachers. Deaths and illnesses have also affected education sector administrators, planning and finance officials. At the same time, children in AIDS-affected households are delaying school entry or dropping out of school. Hence, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is seriously threatening the achievement of the goals of the Dakar Framework for Action, adopted by the international community at the World Education Forum, held in Dakar, Senegal in April 2000, and of the Millennium Development Goals.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic may affect the education sector in at least three ways; the supply of education through the availability of teachers, the demand for education (total number of children and the number enrolled and staying in school) and the quality of education (supply of experienced teachers). In sum, as a result of HIV/AIDS, fewer children are able to register for school and receive the basic skills and knowledge they need, fewer teachers are available to teach them and the quality of the education they receive is consequently diminished.
The absenteeism of teachers from school and ultimately their deaths affect the teaching resources available. Teachers who are infected with the HIV virus may try to transfer to another area or, once visibly ill, may disappear (Katahoire, 1993). Other teachers may also want to transfer out of heavily affected areas or may refuse to be posted to them, thus decreasing the number of teachers available in the region.
The deaths of children or parents will affect school enrolment, as a smaller number of children will be entering the school system and more children will be dropping out of school to take care of sick parents or siblings after the death of their parents. The number of children entering the school system will diminish if AIDS orphans do not register, delay registration or leave school in large numbers. Some school going children may be infected with HIV/AIDS or suffer from AIDS-related illnesses. Such illnesses may cause them to be absent from school frequently, and they may interfere with their ability to learn and their academic performance. Children who acquire the HIV virus from their mothers during childbirth or breastfeeding usually do not survive long enough to register for school.
Equally important is the possible decrease in the quality of education, as teachers may be absent from school or too ill to provide the same quality of schooling they were providing before becoming sick. The quality of education may also decrease if less money is invested in the education sector as countries with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS struggle to fight the epidemic. The HIV/AIDS epidemic may also affect education resources owing to the costs that it imposes on the system. In order to compensate for the loss of teachers, schools may hire temporary staff at the same time that the costs of employee benefits, recruitment and training are rising. In...