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The Indians Essay

1719 words - 7 pages

The Indians where put on plots of land called reservations. The Indian tribes possessed or owned the land but the government had total supervision. There they could not hunt their own food, instead, had to live on government rations. The children could no longer speak in their native tongue and where forced to learn the English language and choose more “Christian” names. These reservations where usually kept away from whites. From 1838 to 1839 some 20,000 Cherokee Indians sent out on foot on an 800 to 850 mile trip from Georgia to Tennessee and from Tennessee to Oklahoma. The Cherokee where forced out of there southeastern homeland by federal troops and forced to move to the Indian ...view middle of the document...

The note said that he could execute the order of the military killing of as many buffalo as they seen. The troops were ordered to kill the buffalo as a military maneuver. The hide of the buffalo was taken off the animal as it was a great price in the east. Most of the time, the 2,000 of buffalo meet was left rotting without even being touched by the military as food. General Sheridan was pleased with the outcome of his “military maneuver”. The main source of the food, clothing and shelter for the Indians, the buffalo, where killed off. With no means of supporting themselves, the Indians had no choice but to move onto the reservations in order to survive. There they received food assistant, shelter and clothing. Thus, began the war for The Black Hills. On September 17th, 1851, the United States Government and representatives from the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crow, Shoshone, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara nations signed into act the Treaty of Fort Laramie. This treaty stated that the US Government promised the nations full control of the Great Plains as long as “the river flows and the eagle flies”. In return, the Indians guaranteed safe passage on the Oregon Trail in exchange for $50,000 for 50 years. They also allowed the building of forts and towns on the Great Plains. In due time, the money compensation was lowered from 50 payments all the way down to only 10 payments and eventually most of the tribes never received any payment that was promised to them. The Treaty of Fort Laramie, while it lasted, was a brief period of peace. 1B: With the current problems that are on modern Indian reservations, they could have been predicted when the first reservations where formed in the 1800’s. When the Indians where first put on the reservations, they were used to living there lives as free people, the way they wanted to and depending on only themselves for food, shelter, clothing, protection, etc. They where put onto these small plots of land where they had to depend on the Europeans to meet there every day needs. The whites thought this would be a quick fix for the problem they said was the Native Americans. Obviously, this did not become as quick fix. On many if not all of the reservations, there was problems with stress, anxiety, depression, alcohol and drug abuse, suicide, racism and the resentment for having to depend on the whites. This was also a major culture shock for the Native Americans. They no longer dressed in their native clothing, had the freedom to hunt, the children were forced to go to white schools, no longer spoke in the native language and choose Christian names. They were told that with these names, they would be able to succeed better in the white man society. The Minnesota uprising of 1863 was a war between the United States and bands of the Eastern Sioux or the Dakota. The war was a result of treaty violations during the 1850’s between the United States and the late or non-payment of the annuities...

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