The Judgement Of Beauty Essay

1585 words - 7 pages

The Judgement of Beauty

The judgments of beauty are universally consistent and biologically based, not influenced by culture and individual history. Argue for or against this statement using what you have learned from the course to support your point of view. You may use one or more examples from outside readings to illustrate your points.

“Beauty”, as defined in the Oxford Dictionary (2015), is a collection of pleasant qualities, especially those increase the attractiveness of a person or an object. It can be categorized into two different kinds: external beauty and inner beauty (Panek, 2011). External beauty mainly focuses on appearance and body shape (Etcoff, 1999), while inner ...view middle of the document...

(Klingerman, 2006) These practices were neither performed in other regions at the same period of time nor in modern society. This reflects that judgements of beauty varies across culture and time. Variations in standard of beauty can also be found in modern society. In the Western culture, skinny women are considered as attractive. However, skinny bodies are regarded as in need of costly treatment in Zambia. While plump-shaped bodies represent affluence, thus are more appreciated. (Visser, 2013) Difference in symbol of wealth leads to difference in judgement of beauty. This clearly shows that even in the same era, preference of beauty can still differ from culture to culture. These evidences can prove that the standards of beauty are inconsistent and differ across various cultures.
Some believe the presence of a universal standard of health and wealth in standard of beauty. Sociobiologist Symons (as cited in Jackson, 1992) convinced that there exists a consistent biological standard of beauty of facial attractiveness. Facial characteristics that represent healthiness and youth were bonded with beauty because of their association with fertility (as cited in Jackson, 1992). Moreover, opposite preferences of body figure in both Western countries and Zambia are in fact based on pursuit of a symbol of wealth. (Visser, 2013) This might be true but still, diversity occurs when comparison is made among various culture. For example, skin colors illustrating health vary among races (Bernstein, Lin & McClelland, 1982). Black teeth represent healthiness in ancient Japan (Meghan, 2014), which contradict sharply with the modern standard of white teeth (Höfel L, Lange M & Jacobsen T, 2007). Therefore, even though judgements might be made based on universal criteria, variations still exist in characteristics preferred.

Besides cultural influence, one’s individual history could cause impacts on his or her judgement of beauty. According to the Oxford Dictionary (2015), “individual” refers to a single person and “history” refers to the series of past events which are related to either him or her (Oxford Dictionary, 2015). Therefore, individual history could be defined as a series of past event, including education, family and friends and community of a particular person. Differences in individual history between people result in differences in the standard of beauty. This effect is revealed at childhood, when a child is developing his own judgmental power, including that of beauty. According to the social learning theory raised by N. E. Miller and J. Dollard in 1941, children acquire knowledge through observation and imitation of others’ actions (Miller & Dollard, 1945). Children would practice actions they have observed and examine reactions of people surrounding. Hence, observation provides an individual the major source of internal adjustment in order to develop and maintain consistent attitudes with the surrounding. This could be applied in the case of...

Other Essays Like The Judgement of Beauty

Analysis Of The Play Beauty And The Beast

1055 words - 5 pages Analysis of the Play Beauty and the Beast Beauty and the Beast was an amazing musical, many say it was much better than the movie. Just like the movie. It starts off in a faraway land, with the Young Prince who lived in a shining castled. The prince was spoiled, selfish and unkind. An old beggar woman came to the castle and offered him a single rose in return for shelter from the bitter cold. Repulsed by her haggard appearance, the

The Destructive Effects of Standardizing Beauty in Society

1902 words - 8 pages The Destructive Effects of Standardizing Beauty in Society In Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye, the standardization of whiteness as beauty has devastating effects on the lives of black girls and women. Each character in the novel displays an internalized belief that whiteness is superior, and it is primarily expressed through thoughts of beauty. Claudia realizes the veneration given to white beauty by seeing the attitudes towards white baby dolls

The Die In Diet: How North American Ideas Of Beauty Harm Women

1545 words - 7 pages Humankind has always been aware of the existence of beauty. As our species has grown intellectually and socially, the standards that constitute beauty have changed to suit our culture. Females, in particular, are given more focus than males when it comes to appearance (Jackson, 1992). For instance, cosmetics cater almost exclusively to women and while they are considered a luxury, they have come to represent more of a grim necessity for females

At The End Of Macbeth, Malcolm Refers To Macbeth And Lady Macbeth As 'this Dead Butcher...And His Fiend-Like Queen.' To What Extent Do You Agree With This Judgement?

1445 words - 6 pages At the end of the play, Malcolm, the newly crowned King of Scotland describes Lady Macbeth as a 'fiend-like queen.' To a certain extent this judgement is true, yet Lady Macbeth has to actually evoke evil spirits to help prevent her from feeling any compassion or warmth. The evil spirits 'unsex' Lady Macbeth and remove all feminine qualities from her, trading them for evil, proving that deep down there must be some good in her if she has to call

Sleeping Beauty Lies In Her Dreams: A Comparative Essay Of The Ideologies Of Modern Day Female Characters And The Nineteenth Century Romantic Heroine

1235 words - 5 pages Jill Ker Conway in her book, When Memory Speaks, describes the romantic heroine, the nineteenth century "archetypal female" (40) literary creation. She is the woman fairytales are made of, the possessor of natural beauty, little known intelligence, and extreme passivity. Her story revolves around her internal desires for romantic love and to become "the complement of the male romantic sensibility"(41). And as in Cinderella or

“the Women Characters Are Merely Decorative Figures of Seemingly Fragile Beauty” – How Far and in What Ways Do You Agree with This View of the Great Gatsby

1336 words - 6 pages and cruel from the start as shown above. She also doesn’t fit the idea of fragile beauty as she is described as “faintly stout” and a “thickish figure of a woman” which isn’t the most flattering of descriptions for a woman. She is also described as “overly confident”. These descriptions give us the idea that she isn’t the most of appealing women and Tom could have done better. He could have been showing his status choosing Myrtle to show that he

The Beauty in the Solitude ——a Comparison of I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud and 《题破山寺后禅院》

1072 words - 5 pages mind which can reflect the beauty nearby and make it shining. And the magical feeling it brings these is a combination of peace and joyment, leaving them with enough room for meditation. In this essay, two poems, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud and 《题破山寺后禅院》, are chosen as demonstrators for this forever theme. To begin with, I think it necessary mentioning the images-creating capability of the two poems. Both of the poems are

Stuffff Jdsfsdfsdf

1959 words - 8 pages In conclusion, the result of the hope generated from this dream a new psychological atmosphere appears on the ranch. This is slightly similar to Macbeth, as the effects are also very psychological. The process of committing the murder was chosen by Shakespeare, as it arouses deep feelings and psychological problems for Macbeth. Macbeth says before he commits the deed. We still have judgement here, that we but teach Bloody instructions, which

Beauty Retailing - China - February 2014:Industry Trends, Size and Shares Research Report

2453 words - 10 pages Beauty Retailing - China - February 2014 Deals and discounting can be an entry point to attract new customers and personalisation and relevance in promotion will become the critical point for retailers in coming years. But in the long run, creating unique shopping experience remains essential. table Of Content introduction retailers Covered In This Report in-store online methodology limitation abbreviations executive Summary a

why beauty matters

617 words - 3 pages  “WHY BEAUTY MATTERS” The aim of poetry ,art and music in 1750 to 1930 was Beauty. Yet at the start of 20th century beauty stopped because art increasing aimed to disturb and to break moral taboos ,it was not beauty but originality ,however achieved and at whatever moral cost. Art made a cult of ugliness, architecture too has become soulless and sterile. Language , music, manners are increasing raucous self- centered and

Discuss the different artists of the Italian Renaissance

477 words - 2 pages , and was set to be an artist at the age of 13. His tutorship was under the great sculptor, Donatello. Michelangelo seemed to be interested in the male anatomy, and most of his sculptors and painting were of nude males. Some of his carvings include; Madonna of the Stairs, Pieta, and Doni Tondo. Some of his great paintings include the paintings of the Sistine Chapel, which is considered his greatest glory, and The Last Judgement. Raphael was

Related Papers

Deconstructing The Idea Of Beauty Essay

1293 words - 6 pages In her controversial bestseller Beauty Myth, Naomi Wolf argues how culture’s images of beauty found on television, magazines, advertisements and pornography are detrimental to women. She exposes the unrealistic and impossible standards of female beauty that create insecurity and self hatred that can be easily exploited by glossy magazine pictures, fashion world, Hollywood, diets and plastic surgery industries. Wolf demonstrates that the concept

The Significance Of Physical Beauty Essay

698 words - 3 pages makes us become warm and lively. However, this kind of beauty requires time to truly see. On the contrary, physical beauty would be noticed more quickly and easily as a result of this era. We dare not say that physical beauty is equally significant as inner beauty but at least, the advantage of outer beauty couldn’t be denied. It makes us win admiration from others, influences our work and how we value ourselves. We are likely to split off

Beauty In The Picture Of Dorian Gray

1001 words - 5 pages In Oscar Wilde's novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, beauty is depicted as the driving force in the lives of the three main characters, Dorian, Basil and Lord Henry. Dorian, the main character, believes in seizing the day. Basil, the artist, admires all that is beautiful in life. Lord Henry, accredited ones physical appearance to the ability of achieving accomplishments in life. Beauty ordains the fate of Dorian, Basil, and Lord Henry. The novel

Protecting The Scenic Beauty Of Wildlife

2172 words - 9 pages Protecting the Scenic Beauty of Wildlife By Jeramy Buckman CM220 Unit 9 Final Project 7/17/12 I want everyone to close your eyes and picture yourself in the Rocky Mountains with your children hiking up a trail to your favorite camping site next to a hidden lake. While walking down the trail you are looking around looking for animals prints to show your children. You are excited to show your children some of the beautiful wildlife that you