The Latin American Wars Of Independence

1566 words - 7 pages

The Latin American wars of independence were notably conducive to the decline of the Spanish Empire however, the decline can not be attributed singularly to the Latin American wars of Independence as there were other subsidiary factors involved. The Latin American wars of independence were a series of revolutions within South America causing Venezuela, Ecuador, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Haiti and Columbia to become independent countries. These wars drained the Spanish Empire’s resources, enforcing its decline in the early 19th century. Prior to the wars of independence, poor economic conditions, the destruction of the Spanish Armada, as well as an imperialistic ...view middle of the document...

The Spanish crown, inundated with gold and silver from the New World had flooded Europe with the precious metals lowering their commodity value. The Spanish economy never innovated on the scale necessary to keep up with the industrial economies of the UK, France, the US, and Germany. As a result of the uninformed export of gold and silver from the New World, inflation within the Spanish Empire caused a status of economic underdevelopment, ensuring dependence of foreign sources of raw materials and manufactured goods. Inflation is defined as a sustained increase in the general level of prices for goods and services. As inflation rises, every dollar buys a smaller percentage of a good or service. The Spanish Empire did not possess the foresight to set tax rates when accounting the inflation of silver, a direct result of this being the weakened economy which was a contributing factor to the downfall of the Spanish Empire. Spain did not become a productive bourgeoisie, but rather part of an economically inefficient aristocracy, as demonstrated through lack of middle-class society due to heavy taxation on peasants. The weakened state of economy left the Spanish Empire indebted during the Latin American wars of Independence, which amongst other factors, substantially contributed to the decline of the Spanish Empire.
Moreover, the Latin American wars of Independence were prevalent in the downfall of the Spanish Empire, amidst supplementary factors, including the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. The destruction of the Spanish Armada devastated the maritime power and prestige of Spain, as well as laying the foundation for British naval supremacy, resulting in the advancement of Britain as a global power and the regression of Spanish influence and authority. The demolition of the Spanish Armada eliminated the possibility of Spanish invasion within Europe and terminated the Spanish crusade for the extirpation of Protestantism. Furthermore, the defeat demonstrated the Spanish Empires inability to defend its own territory, thus implying the concept of imperialistic overstretch; a notion suggesting that an empire can extend itself beyond its ability to maintain or expand its military and economic commitments. Historian, Paul Kennedy stresses the religious dimensions of psychosomatic hubris and palpable overstretch. Kennedy states; ‘Great Power ascendency correlates strongly to available resources and economic durability; military overstretch and concomitant relative declines are the consistent threat facing powers whose ambitions and security requirements are greater than their resource base can provide for.’ The Spanish Empire validates Kennedy’s statement as evident within its economic and military weaknesses prior to its downfall. In the first half of the 16th century, a major ideological consideration was defence and proliferation of the Catholic faith. The last quarter of the century portrays a militarily centred approach; the Armada being an...

Other Essays Like The Latin American Wars of Independence

Rome and the Latin Settlements of 338 Bc

1191 words - 5 pages initiated. However, in essence the settlements represented the end of Latin independence and the solid establishment of Roman hegemony and empire. The major obligation of the newly incorporated cities and allies was the provision of military forces in times of war. Polybius claims that Rome had recourse to a possible 700,000 infantry and 70,000 cavalry during Hannibal’s invasion of Italy . If Polybius is only approximately correct on the total man-power

Ancient Civilizations Of Latin America: Inca The Government

417 words - 2 pages Among the many ancient civilizations in Latin America, the Incas were one of a kind. Their government was a whole lot different from any other of the civilizations. This had great impact on the civilization. In my opinion, without this aspect the Incas most likely wouldn't of been as successful.As stated before, the government was very important in the Inca civilization and had a lot of impact on their civilization in general. In the Incan

The Effect of WWI on the Indian Independence Movement

1487 words - 6 pages The Great War is an undoubtedly important turning point in world history. Beyond the obvious casualties and resultant shifts in power, the Great War profoundly affected the colonies of the great powers involved. India provides a prime example of the anti-colonial rejection of the West during the 20th century. The “European Civil War” cracked the previously impenetrable British Empire, and had a direct effect on the independence movement

Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997 and Effect to Latin America

1898 words - 8 pages leading to unemployment. In addition, the financial crisis resulted in the loss of the people’s purchasing power in the Latin American while nations turned to the International Monetary Fund for monetary assistance. This research paper explains the occurrence of the Asian Financial Crisis, the impact of the crisis and the effects it had on the Latin American countries’ economy. Asian Financial Crisis in 1997 The Asian financial crisis took place in

Husband And Wife: The Semiotics Of Gender Roles In Latin America

2658 words - 11 pages Husband and Wife respectively, have undergone huge ideological shifts in some parts of the world, however within Latin American society they still often used to represent a system of values and a distribution of power that have remained relatively unchanged despite recent eras of social progress. This is illustrated fairly well in the movie "Amores Perros" as the terms Husband and Wife are utilized throughout the movie as signs that represent and

Race: The Cultural And Political Power Of An Illusion In Latin America

1902 words - 8 pages Race: The Cultural and Political Power of an Illusion in Latin America Race has been the most arguable and controversial subject in Latin American history. Since 16th century it has created a great deal of prejudice among Latin American people, it has been referred, as biological characteristics later modified to a social statue such are education, wealth and language. It has been under a heavy influence of cultural and political power

The Evolution Of Warfare Throughout The Renaissance To The Age Of Religious Wars

1711 words - 7 pages During the age of religious wars, leading to the Renaissance, warfare drasticallychanged. Strategies, weapons; the whole art itself was reshaped by the contactwith other peoples and the strive to attain more power. Before this time, fightingwas restricted to all the Medieval straitjacket would allow. 'Wars' consisted mostlyof the small forces of feudal nobles in their squeamish attempts to obtain more land.Once the Crusades occurred, everything

Examination Of The Declaration Of Independence As Both A Historical Document And As Revolutionary Propaganda

494 words - 2 pages The Declaration of Independence is one of the most renowned and beloved documents in United States history. Even today, people cherish their "unalienable rights" as symbols of America at her best. The Declaration of Independence was a major step towards secession from Britain in the American Revolution, and has had profound influence on the country's development ever since. The grand rhetoric in the first part spurred the formation and

An Evaluation of the Legacy Left by Che in the Radical Ideas and Political Behaviour of Latin America

1754 words - 8 pages Ernesto ”Che” Guevara “An apostle of the Immaculate Revolution" ------------------------------------------------- A judicious evaluation of the legacy left by Che in the radical ideas and political behaviour of Latin America. "Podran cortar las flores, pero no detendran la primavera." "You may cut the flowers, but it will not stop the spring." (Popular Latin American proverb) The very intention of mine is to provide the reader

A Comparison Of The Declaration Of Independence And King's I Have A Dream

1285 words - 6 pages casualties the American colonies suffered, they proved to be stronger than their ruling land, Britain, and won the right to be a free land, becoming the United States of America.  Living through this difficult turning point in history inspired Jefferson to write "The Declaration of Independence."  Once again, nearly two hundred years later, America faced yet another turning point in history.  Watching America struggle through racial integration in

AN ESSAY ON THE RELEVENCE OF CLAUSEWITZ’ THEORY ON UNDERSTANDING CONTEMPORARY WARS

1046 words - 5 pages AN ESSAY ON THE RELEVENCE OF CLAUSEWITZ’ THEORY ON UNDERSTANDING CONTEMPORARY WARS The widespread recognition of Clausewitz’s relevance in understanding contemporary warfare can largely be credited with the modern, post cold-war translation by Howard and Paret. In understanding the text in its true context rather than with a cold-war fascination has allowed the contemporary student of war greater insight to understanding the ‘art of

Related Papers

A Declaration Of Sentiments, And The Texas Declaration Of Independence Comparative Analysis American Declaration Of Independence

1107 words - 5 pages A Declaration of Sentiments, and the Texas Declaration of Independence Comparative analysis - American Declaration of Independence 1) So apt and eloquent was Thomas Jefferson’s expressive writing in the Declaration of Independence that many others have come to use his document as a template for iterating declaratory appeals of their own. In the case of The Declaration of Sentiments, Elizabeth Cady Stanton is seen to use Jefferson’s

The Declaration Of Independence Essay

1106 words - 5 pages simply consists of the signers and the pledges of The Declaration of Independence. In creating a smooth and logical transition from one paragraph to another, Jefferson uses a technique of first presenting the issue, why the people of American colonies should separate from Great Britain. He then states his thesis that, because of the tyranny of the King, the colonies must replace his rule with a new form of government. He then gave support

How Far Was American Victory In The War Of Independence Due To Poor Military Leadership?

1083 words - 5 pages How far was American victory in the war of Independence due to poor military leadership? (24) To the extent to which cause had the most significant effect on the outcome of the War of Independence is a perceptual view which has become very debatable topic, whereby historians have failed to conclude a main reason. However no doubt that in trigger cause and start of British downfall was because of foreign intervention. Although, the long-term

The Possibility Of Eliminating Wars Essay

572 words - 3 pages which occurs between nations or political communities in a country. Since a long time ago, there were many wars in the world and they’ve reminded us the human history and social change. War is the ultimate way that human use violence to resolve their contradictions or differences instead of peaceful measures and it normally damages both sides. For example, more than 40 million soldiers died in the two World Wars and another is the heart breaking