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"The Long March Was A Retreat That Changed The Destiny Of China" To What Extent Do You Agree With This Statement?

1169 words - 5 pages

“The Long March was a retreat that changed the destiny of China” To what extent do you agree with this statement?

The Long March was an epic journey across China conducted by the Red army in 1934. After the breakdown of the first United Front, Chiang Kai Shek launched an offensive which forced a retreat from Mao and the Red army. This retreat is believed to have lasted for over a year and covered 6000 miles. By the end of the march, of the 80000 marchers who embarked on the journey, only 6000 made it to Yenan. It was a march rich with heroism and hardship. However to call the Long March a retreat that changed the destiny of china is controversial. The term 'destiny' can be interpreted in ...view middle of the document...

Also the presence of the Japanese in China would have affected the KMT as they were expected to deal with the issues made by the Japanese. With the expected failure of the KMT and the involvement from the Japanese, it can be argued that the CCP would have survived even without the occurrence of the Long March. ON the other hand, it is not to say that the Long March had no impact at all on the survival of the CCP, it just merely kept more Communists alive than enured survival possible.

Many historians and critics, even Mao himself, believed that the Long March had spread the ideas of communism throughout China. Mao and his fellow troopers introduce these ideas and made promises that peasants were attracted to. Mao wrote: “The Long MArch is a manifesto. It has proclaimed to the world that the Red Army is an army of heroes, … It has announced to some 200 million people in 11 provinces that the read of the Red Army is their only road to Liberation”. The Long March had won the CCP many support among the rural peasants. Through propaganda, it also strengthened the Red army as more peasants became involved. IN this sense, the Long March had helped the Red Army become stronger, thus helped the CCP to win the Civil war in 1949. However, was the influence of the propaganda as significant as compared to the weakness of KMT and the threat of the Japanese Invasion in determining the destiny of China? If the propaganda factor of the Long March was taken out of the scenario, many historians argued that the destiny of China would remain the same. Although the propaganda helped fostered supports of the CCP, the Japanese invasion would have driven the peasants to seek the CCP for help and support. Meanwhile the KMT's main focus was to crush the CCP first. Be fore the Japanese, the peasants would of course turn to the CCP as they were the only party trying to resist the foreign invasion. With this in the picture, the propaganda factor of the Long March only helped gained a portion of the support for the CCP. Without it, the CCP would still have gained support from factors mentioned and these supports would perhaps be enough to help CCP win the...

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