The Main Function Of Education Is To Maintain A Value Consensus In Society

1562 words - 7 pages

“The main function of education is to maintain a value consensus in society”

According to Item “A” functionalists believe that a Value Consensus is essential for the well-being of society. A Value Consensus is an agreement among society’s members about what social values (such as getting qualifications, learning job skills, etc.) are important. Item “A” also stats that functionalists believe that school is vital because it socialises (this is known as secondary socialisation, this is where children are taught social norms and values such as respect and obeying orders through school) young people. Functionalists also believe that schools operate on a meritocratic principle and they see ...view middle of the document...

Durkheim argues that education teaches individuals the specialist knowledge and skill that they need to play their part in the social division of labour, therefore (Durkheim believed) the main function of education is to maintain a value consensus in society. Durkheim has been criticized, with other theorists (Marxists) saying he assumes that the norms and values transmitted by the education system are those of society as a whole while they could also be the values of the ruling elite.

Functionalists believe that education within schools, and the existence of the hidden curriculum, is positive. According to Parsons, primary socialization amongst the family, teaches us to share views and social values, but the specific views and values gained from socialization within the family are particularistic. In contrast to this, those norms and values taught within the education system are universalistic, and cover a much wider range of situations and areas. Parsons developed Durkheim’s ideas, and argued that education performs an important socializing function and helps to ensure the continuity of norms and values. He says that the classroom is like a miniature society, as it provides a training ground for the wider society and effects the transition from childhood to adulthood. Parsons saw a link between schools and wider society, schools help to select young people and allocate them to adult roles. Pupils are assessed in terms of their abilities and talents and so this helps to allocate them for appropriate occupations, therefore the role of education is to maintain a value consensus. However, the functionalist view has been criticized. Other theorists argue that it is far from clear that education in Britain succeeds in transmitting shared values and social solidarity. Parsons has also been criticized as like Durkheim, he fails to give adequate consideration to the possibility that the values transmitted may be those of a ruling minority rather than society as a whole and his idea that schools operate on meritocratic principles is open to question. Wrong argues that functionalists have an ‘over-socialised view’ of people as mere puppets. Functionalists wrongly imply that pupils passively accept all they are taught and never reject the school’s values.

In the view of Marxist Althusser the education system is an important Ideological state apparatuses (ISAs). He argues that education legitimates class inequality by producing ideologies that disguise its true cause. The function of ideology is to persuade workers to accept that inequality is inevitable and that they deserve their subordinate position in society. If they accept these ideas, they are less likely to challenge or threaten capitalism. Like Parsons, Davis & Moore see education as a device for selection and role allocation, but they focus on the relationship between education and social inequality. They argue that inequality is necessary to ensure that the most important roles in society...

Other Essays Like The Main Function of Education Is to Maintain a Value Consensus in Society

Evaluate the Postmodernist Explanation of the Role and Function of Religion in Contemporary Society. (40 Marks)

1096 words - 5 pages Evaluate the postmodernist explanation of the role and function of religion in contemporary society. (40 marks) According to postmodernists such as Foucault we live in a ‘post-modern’ world, where none of the accepted theories or ‘truths’ or ‘narratives’ can be relied on. One really big narrative is that of religion, which postmodernist refer to as ‘meta-narratives’ (the grand explanations or big stories of modern society

Choose a Novel in Which the Fate of a Main Character Is Important in Conveying the Writer's Theme

752 words - 4 pages Choose a novel in which the fate of a main character is important in conveying the writer’s theme. Robin Jenkin’s meditation on the nature of pity, ‘The Changeling’, has a tragic ending. The story emphasises that the ‘good Samaritan’ Charles Forbes fails to redeem the life of his pupil Tom Curdie.He sees himself as the boy’s saviour and makes the decision to take him on holiday, to show another side of life from the slum in which he grew up

The Main Point Of The Essay Is Violence In Our

529 words - 3 pages The main point of the essay is violence in our schools. Now, more than ever, violence in all grades, even elementary is on the rise.Just last year, 64% of elementary school principals in five Massachusetts cities-Boston, Springfield, Worcester, Lowell, and New Bedford-suspended or expelled violent students. In high school and middle school the figure was close to 96%. In eight public schools, 26 or more students were dismissed for carrying

Education essay: Purpose of Education in Society

1315 words - 6 pages education in society is indispensable and cohering, which is why society and knowledge cannot be ever separated into two distinct entities. Let us find out more about the role of education in society and how it affects our lives. Purpose of Education in Society Education is Self Empowerment Receiving a good education helps empower you, thus making you strong enough to look after yourself in any given situation. It keeps you aware of your

Humanity Needs to Be Controlled in Order to Function Efficiently. in Your Opinion, Is This the Ultimate Point of Nineteen Eighty-Four?

1239 words - 5 pages Humanity needs to be controlled in order to function efficiently. In your opinion, is this the ultimate point of Nineteen Eighty-Four? Its true, mankind needs some form of control to operate peacefully, however I disagree that that was the ultimate point of George Orwell’s book Nineteen Eighty-Four. In truth I believe that his ultimate point was something a little different; instead he was trying to deliver a message from between the lines of

"The Defining Function Of The Artist Is To Cherish Consciousness." -Max Eastman

1292 words - 6 pages "The defining function of the artist is to cherish consciousness."-Max EastmanThe goal of an artist is to create art.What is art? Art is the product of ingenious human activity.What is considered beautiful art or repulsive art? There is no such thing. Good art or bad art is relative. For instance, some people might say that a certain book is good, others might differ. For a few group, that certain book is beautiful, many others might think it

? is it a problem in today's society? what should be done to address the issue

1052 words - 5 pages  FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAM EXAMINATION INSTRUCTIONS 1. All examinations will be held on the 6th floor of the Coglin Street Campus in Rooms 4.01 and 4.02. All bags must be stored at the back of the room and all phones must be turned off. 2. On the day of each examination, you are to gather on the appropriate floor. Only bring what is necessary to the exam. Anyone in possession of a mobile phone during the exam will be given a

The Value Of Gender And How It Represents The Body In Society

1658 words - 7 pages In order to answer the question I would like to explain in brief the value of gender and the ways it represents the body in the society. The term “Gender “and “Race “is by now used so frequently in academic discussions. While sex differences are rooted in biology how we come to understand and perform gender is based on culture. As it is said by ( Byers & Dell ) that we always view culture “ as a process through which people circulate and

How to Maintain a Healthy Relationship

831 words - 4 pages alJoey Davis February 13, 2012 Eng 111 How to Maintain a Healthy Relationship Everybody wants that perfect relationship that we tend to see in the movies. A main problem is that most of us don’t know how to Create and maintain a relationship that’s healthy and happy. There are many crucial elements to a sound relationship. It’s never one sided, and everyone can benefit from learning a few thing on how to make your relationship a

Education Is a Powerful Weapon to Change the World

613 words - 3 pages also helps in creating the vibrant civil society which engages in nation-building. UNESCO (2002) reports that in developing countries, every additional year of education can increase a person’s future income by an average of 10 (ten) percent. This fact is very important, especially when viewed in light of poverty stricken nations determined to pull themselves out of the dilemma. Jackson (2006) ascertains that no country can fully develop

The History, Function, Governance, and Value of the Tcp/Ip Standard

2113 words - 9 pages split into two separate protocols, TCP and the Internet Protocol (IP), and then developed into a suite of communications protocols known by the names of these two primary components. This paper explores the history, function, governance, value, and future of the TCP/IP standard. History of the TCP/IP Standard Kahn and Cerf’s paper, published in 1973, described a protocol design and philosophy intended to support the sharing of computer

Related Papers

Asses The View That The Main Role Of The Nuclear Family Is To Maintain A Patriarchal Society (24)

519 words - 3 pages A nuclear family consists of a farther, mother and two children, the farther usually plays the instrumental role whilst the mother plays the expressive role, this is said to be the typical gender stereotypes within the nuclear family however feminists point out that this is a patriarchal society and women seem to have less economic power than men. Radical feminists strongly state that the main role of the nuclear family is to maintain a

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The View That The Main Function Of The Education System Is To Reproduce And Legitimise Social Inequalities

2354 words - 10 pages 4) Education is an aspect of socialisation which involves the acquisition of knowledge and learning of skills. It shapes our beliefs and moral values through a systematic formal transmission. Education is said to be an integral function of society, as it provides a contributory characteristic which helps to maintain and adapt society and it’s values Before the 1960’s, education was taught through a system known as the ‘Tripartite’ system

Asses The View That The Main Function Of The Education System Is To Reproduce And Legitimise Social Inequalities

752 words - 4 pages education is the communication of common values. He thinks that education is an ideological state apparatus and its main function is to maintain, Legitimate and reproduce, generation by generation, class inequalities in wealth and power by spreading capitalist values hidden as common values. Althusser also believes that ideology is done subconsciously through the hidden curriculum. He thinks that the way schools are organized and the way the

Asses The View That The Education System Serves To Maintain A Capitalist Society

798 words - 4 pages Unit 1 Evidence Sheet NAME TUTOR GOUP Ensure that all of your work is labelled correctly and stored in the correct locations. Use Frog to identify what you are missing. |Unit 1 reference |What you should have in your work |Student Assessment |Assessor comments | |number