The Media, Disasters, And Aid Essay

2770 words - 12 pages

There is little doubt that the media has a profound impact on our awareness of humanitarian emergencies and disaster relief around the world. The reality of these disasters, and our responses to them, are heavily influenced by the framework that the media uses – through exposure on television, radio and in print – to capture our attention.

The media has a number of important responsibilities during a natural disaster. I have broken down their responsibilities into four stages: early warning, immediate response, post-disaster review, and implementation. While these phases do not necessarily occur one after the other without overlap, they form a good basis from which to ...view middle of the document...

The final stage is the “implementation” phase, during which the media’s responsibility is to highlight the recommendations from the post-disaster review, and put pressure on the government to change their policies.

In this essay, I will examine the roles of the media through each of these phases – focusing predominantly on Australia – and determine their successes and failures in each different approach. I will also consider the crucial relationship between the media and NGOs, and identify the ways that the media can work more closely with technology to assist NGOs and public organizations in their relief efforts and disaster management plans.

During the early warning phase, the role of the media is to alert victims of impending disasters and distribute disaster response advice.

Effective warning systems (EWS) and disaster reduction strategies are still not a natural component to disaster management and risk reduction globally. In the developing world, there is a shortage of equipment, skills and resources, and a number of isolated communities with little or no access to technology. In developed countries, there is a lack of consensus on the ‘right’ way to handle disaster situations.

The problem with EWS is that they are transmitted through multiple channels before being broadcast to the vulnerable population. In the case of a fire warning for example, the Bureau of Meteorology may identify the initial threat and pass the warning to the prospective fire department headquarters. It may then be transmitted to the local fire authority, who then commences their pre-planned disaster response plan. Next, the national broadcast media (radio, TV) would alert the public of the impending disaster and advise them what action to take. Finally, as not everyone would necessarily have access to these media forms at the exact moment of the warning, it could pass through social networks and trickle down to individuals over time. Just like in the game ‘Chinese Whispers’, this process runs the risk of the message being delayed or distorted by the time it reaches the final target. While many different combinations of channels can work depending on local conditions, each requires a clear understanding of its roles and responsibilities.

In most countries, traditional broadcast radio and TV remains the most widely used channel for distributing disaster warnings. TV and radio are used in Australia for immediate warnings to inform communities they might be at risk. The Internet and newspapers can also provide regular updates and alerts. However, this arrangement is not always effective, particularly in countries with a high population of isolated communities. In Mozambique, warning messages transmitted over the radio can quickly reach isolated rural communities where no other form of communication is available. However, in the poorest communities many people may not have a radio. Wind-up and solar powered radios were designed...

Other Essays Like The Media, Disasters, And Aid

The Media And Its Responsibilities Essay

2717 words - 11 pages watching or reading about it at home. They make people feel angry, sad, confused and scared. Media outlets can be a great help during a national crisis’s like chemical disasters or natural disasters. The media can help to warn people as well provide information on safety procedures and shelter locations. Some media representatives feel that is their social and ethical responsibility to help the people in these situations. In the article

The Media and Public Health Essay

1129 words - 5 pages The Media and Public Health Angela Roberson Community and Public Health Lori Bednarchik October 12, 2009 The local and international media play a vital role as the link between health workers and the larger public. Health authorities educate and entrust the media with essential health information, which is then relayed to the public in readily accessible formats through a variety of media channels.  In order to distribute

eating disorder and the media

4805 words - 20 pages The Media & Eating Disorders By Deanne Jade, National Centre For Eating Disorders. Acknowledgement: The British Medical Association, Eating Disorders Body Image and The Media The media are held responsible for the supposed growth of eating disorders in the country. To what extent is this true? In this short article I would like to separate myth from fact, and to provide the reader with some articles that might help them decide which is

Teenage Pregnancy And The Media

1689 words - 7 pages There is a great debate on whether or not mass media has an influence on teenage pregnancy. A study done by the RAND Corporation shows that teens are twice as likely to have sex or engage in sexual acts if they see similar sexual behavior in the media. Many objects in the media that involve sex target teens. Reality TV shows and teen dramas often portray the "cool kids" as the ones who are having sex (Chandra).Today’s teens are highly influenced

What Would Help The Citizens Of The Poorest Nations More, Increasing Foreign Aid Or Removing All Agricultural Tariffs And Subsidies?'

2967 words - 12 pages There have long been two opposing arguments in regards to what would help the citizens of the poorest nations more the first being to increase foreign aid and the second, to remove all agricultural tariffs and subsidies. The main problem surrounding subsidies is it allows first world exporters to drastically reduce the prices of their goods and, thus have a commercial advantage over the farmers of poorer nations. The question remains would it in

The Dissociation Constants Of Weak Monoprotic Acids Were Determined With The Aid Of A Buffer And PH Meter

888 words - 4 pages Experiment # 4: Dissociation Constant Weak AcidsIntroduction: The dissociation constants of weak monoprotic acids were determined with the aid of a buffer and pH meter.Experiment: This experiment was performed according to the procedures as provided in the Chemistry 111B laboratory manual: Po, Henry and Senozan, N. "General Chemistry Experiments Chemistry 111B", 8th Ed., 2004 Hayden-McNeil Publishing, pp 80-88. To determine the dissociation

Politics And Religious Faith In The Media

2963 words - 12 pages Politics and Religious Faith in the Media On January 29, 3003, thousands of Americans were seated in front of their television screens, eagerly and somberly watching the man on the screen. During the man’s speech, the words “There’s power, wonder-working power” were brought forth, and it was those very words which have turned heads, and incurred opinions, articles, and editorials across the nation. Had this man been a preacher there is no

To What Extent Did Breaking Code Jn-25 and Code Ultra Give Aid to the Allies in the Pacific and Atlantic Theatres of World War Two?

4794 words - 20 pages Extended Essay Group 3: History To what extent did breaking code JN-25 and code ULTRA give aid to the Allies in the Pacific and Atlantic theatres of World War Two? Word Count: 3746 Abstract: This extended essay has the subject of Code Breaking Intelligence. When studying the Second World War, the phrase ‘code breaking’ is not highlighted as a significant factor, so this investigation is to assess the contribution of code

Media and the Military "We Do Need to Control Media Access"

1477 words - 6 pages As a senior leader in the military, my chances of becoming the target of a media interview, or having to manage the media, will be exponentially increased due to the ever increasing conflicts that the United States is involved in. I as Field Grade Officer, the lessons taught by the Army Command and General Staff College Intermediate Level Education Program regarding how to deal with the media in the military will play an integral

Mass Media Controls Youth And The Actions That They Take

2215 words - 9 pages In our talk we are going to look at the mass media and it's effect on society and if the media influences society's attitude towards violent behavior. In order to fully understand this question we must first understand what violence is and what mass media is. Violence is the use of one's powers to inflict mental or physical injury upon another; examples of this would be rape or murder. And mass media can be defined as a medium, which conveys

Violence in the Media and Its Effects on Society

1877 words - 8 pages Violence in the Media and its Effects on Society: Definitions, Effects on Society, Statistics, and Prevention ABSTRACT This paper discusses the effects of violence in the media and how it effects our society. First a definition of media and violence will be presented. Then an explanation about who violence can effect and what effects of violence are evident in our society today. Finally, various ways of prevention are explored and a discussion

Related Papers

Natural Disasters And The Aftermath: Political Ambiguity In The Taiwan Japan “Friendship

1195 words - 5 pages Natural Disasters and the Aftermath: Political Ambiguity in the Taiwan-Japan “Friendship It seems natural that the emergency conditions in the wake of natural disasters compel the international community to take swift action to contribute humanitarian aid. However, in today’s East Asia, it is an area where nationalism is so heated and may work to oppose public sympathy. I n such a situation, how and what kind of rhetoric is used by people to

Media And The Presidency Essay

2632 words - 11 pages Emilio P. Uc-Tun Ms. Gummere English 1000 20 April 2012 Media and How It Affects The Presidency Media is an important part of our daily lives. One aspect of our lives that media has a major impact on is politics, especially the presidency. The media (TV, newspapers) affects the president from his campaign all the way through his term; the media is vital to helping the president shape his image and communicate with the public, and set

Globalisation And The Media Essay

1737 words - 7 pages The media coverage of the September 11 attacks and of the events following have played an important role in the affecting of the publics view about Islam, the war on terror and the Middle East. The media distorts or manipulates information that is being presented to the public. Creating a distorted view of social reality for the individual viewing. Theobald in his article ‘Mystification in the Media: from ‘Ritual Murder’ to the ‘War on Terrorism

Privacy And The Media Essay

1102 words - 5 pages and preventing crime. Two exceptions stated in Article 8 (HRA) to breaching privacy are ‘for the prevention of disorder and crime, for the protection of health...’ The crime prevented here was suicide and in turn Colin’s health was protected. This provides justification for CCTV monitoring and the media infringing Colin’s privacy rights by publishing. To the contrary, it can be argued there is a serious breach of Colin’s privacy rights. He is