The Military Science And War Essay

2855 words - 12 pages

Militaries are comprised of soldiers, characteristic of befitting the armed forces or the nation and are called “the army” collectively. Science is knowledge, general truths or particular facts, obtained and shown to be correct by accurate observation and thinking. When science is focused on the military, it is known as “military science”. How was military science developed? It is obvious that it is invented to fight against others and causes an opposition, which is called “War”. War is a conflict by force of arms between political bodies, the science or art of arms but also a terrible way to express a nation’s decisions or position. As we can observe that war directly pertains to ...view middle of the document...

Militarism supported and advocated the policy of building up strong armed forces. Nationalism separated different races, destroyed diplomacy between nations and even deported or forbid foreigner. Militarism raised the production of military weapons, promoted the development of military science, not for any self- defense system but directly prepared for a war. Both of these ideals raised the tension and space between nations and different political bodies. As an expected outcome, a war broke out not only between two countries but two large groups. It caused the first world war of history.
Far from the time of World War I, guns, gunpowder, missile had been developed since 16th century. As World War I is the first major world fight in the history of human civilization, it is an essential time that showed us the age of military science and the development of weapons. In order to win the war, both the Central Power and Allies used the best military strategies and warfare they could. Rifles were the weapons that were most commonly used by both sides during since the end of 19th century. “The Austrians were blowing away the attackers from long range with 250 field guns entrenched on a series of hill. These were not antiquated smoothbore cannons of the kind that had been the norm for 350 years, but modern rifled pieces firing explosive shells.” Austrians described it when it first invented.[2] “Rifle” was a general name for a gun that ground forces used, but also means a particular kind of long gun that needed to pull the trigger for every bullet. During World War I, some of the rifles were developed to be sniper with a scope and greater power. There were more skilled snipers in the Central Power’s army, who were usually not trained by the military but practiced and learned by themselves. On the other hand, the Allies had better technology inventions like Maxim guns, a kind of machine guns; it is not as powerful as rifle because of its heavy weight but they were capable to shoot repeatedly. However, “Because of the nature of trench warfare, most offensives were long and deadly”[3] In order to build their defense, both sides not only dug trenches on the battlefield for troops to garrison, but also buried mines and bombs between trenches over day and night. This warfare made neither side available to attack each other for a long period of time. In addition, submarines were used by both sides that to block harbor and sneak attack boats. Nevertheless, fighting always has a result of a winner and a loser, which can really make people crazy. Military laboratories started creating poisonous gas bombs, biological weapons to deal with the trenches as it is an airtight string-like channel. The new developed warfare worked well for keeping people out the trench but led World War I to a much bloodier ending.
World War I ended in 1919, it leaded 8 to 9 million people died because all the warfare and tactic World War I had, such as the...

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