This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Montgomery Bus Boycott Essay

2400 words - 10 pages

The Montgomery Bus Boycott
Montgomery, Alabama, known as the Cradle of the Confederacy in the span of 381 days became the Cradle of the New Negro.[1] From the time that Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat, to the speech Martin Luther King, Jr delivered which officially ended the boycott, the foundation was being laid for tremendous changes that would take place in the coming decade. The repercussions of the Montgomery Bus Boycott were far-reaching, tide-changing, and the beginning of a new era in black and white relations in America. Though Montgomery was certainly not the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement, it was a key component of the mass movement which began in earnest ...view middle of the document...

[4] The foundation was laid for the civil case which would be brought against the segregation law of Montgomery and Alabama before a federal district court by Parks and three other women who had been arrested for the same reason.
On February 21, 1956 city officials in Montgomery obtained indictments and arrest warrants for 156 leaders of the boycott, including King. These leaders were arrested on charges of violating a 1921 law which forbid hindrance to a business without “just cause or legal excuse.”[5] In compliance with their nonviolence policy and as an example to the blacks involved in the boycott, those who were indicted drove to the police station together and surrendered. King was jailed for two weeks and the plans of the city officials to end the boycott failed. The arrest of King brought national attention to the protest. Upon his release, King was quoted as saying, “I was proud of my crime. It was the crime of joining my people in a nonviolent protest against injustice.”[6]
On June 4 a three-judge federal district court heard the case Browder v. Gayle and after deliberations returned a decision. The court held that, “the statutes requiring segregation of the white and colored races on a common carrier violate the due process and equal protection of the law clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.”[7] However, the court stayed its decision until the appeal could be heard by the United States Supreme Court. In June, Time published an article about the ongoing boycott in which it reviewed the decision of the court and declared “there is now no rational basis upon which the separate but equal doctrine can be validly applied to public transportation.”[8] Five months later, on November 13 the United States Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the lower court.
On this same night the Ku Klux Klan staged a parade through the black neighborhood of Montgomery. Nearly forty carloads of Klan members lined up to put an end to what they viewed as the nonsense which was taking place in Montgomery. In a show of defiance, the blacks watched the parade from the safety of their front doors. In shame, Klan members cut their route short and the parade ended before it had truly begun.[9] The black community’s willingness to not cower in fear at the presence of the Klan revealed how strongly they had united under their common banner of equality. By December 20 the black community was more united than it had perhaps been in American history. When blacks boarded the buses for the first time in 381 days on December 21, 1956, they had created a movement which would sweep the nation and result in a new era.
The organizers and leaders of the boycott were essential to its success and without their foresight it certainly would not have impacted America in the manner in which it did. ED Nixon, President of the local NAACP chapter, had been planning a boycott for some time. When Rosa Parks was arrested, Nixon...

Other Essays Like The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Rosa Parks Essay

810 words - 4 pages peace. Whites and Blacks lived together in harmony in this school, helping each other happily and peacefully. In the school, she learned that she should act non-violently toward racism and segregation. 5. How were young people involved in the Montgomery Bus Boycott? What roles did ------teenagers perform? In the 1950s, word about the boycott and meetings was spread by ----handbills and through the radio. How might young people communicate

Balancing The Scales Of Justice (Rosa Parks)

1352 words - 6 pages unless there were more white riders than seats, in which case seats eleven through fourteen became white because the Montgomery City Code also said that white and black people weren't allowed to sit in the same row of seating, even. (The Montgomery Bus Boycott) The bus driver, Joseph Blake, asked Mrs. Parks and the other three black people in the first "neutral" row to excuse themselves so the white person could have a seat. Three people gave up

The Beauty Myth

1140 words - 5 pages . (Women's History Encyclopedia 2) When Rosa arrived at the police station she called her mother who then called the NAACP. Rosa was released from jail and with the help of the NAACP, she decided to fight the fine. With that the NAACP started a boycott against the buses. (Bennett 378) The Montgomery Bus Boycott, which was headed by Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., began on December 5, 1955 and lasted for thirteen months. This seriously hurt the bus

Assess the significance of the role of individuals in reducing racial discrimination in the USA throughout the period 1877-1981

649 words - 3 pages History Coursework: Part B Assess the significance of the role of individuals in reducing racial discrimination in the USA throughout the period 1877-1981 Between the periods of 1877-1981 there were many significant figures who contributed towards reducing racial discrimination in the USA. Although without events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, WWII or the actions of the NACCP to change attitudes towards African Americans, these individuals

Lesson Plan for Black History Month

1317 words - 6 pages discrimination against black people in the United States. [Let students read “Martin Luther King ‘Montgomery Story’” comic book] Another significant event involving Dr. King was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In the South, before the Civil Rights Movement, public transportation was segregated, with the front seats reserved for white passengers, while black passengers were required to sit in the back. On December 1, 1955, after a long, hard day at

I Have a Dream

1320 words - 6 pages “I have a Dream” ( I Have a Dream Speech - The U.S. Constitution Online ) was one of the most famous speeches addressed by Martin Luther King, Jr. which affected the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the well-known civil rights leaders. He entered the civil rights movement through Montgomery Bus-Boycott. After the Montgomery Bus-Boycott Martin Luther King, Jr. made a lot of speeches from what some of them then became

African Americans and Their Fight for Equality

1476 words - 6 pages the legality of segregation and she and other members of the NAACP got together to organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott. According to Cozzens (1997), the Montgomery Bus Boycott began in when the boycott began; no one expected it to last for very long. There had been boycotts of buses 3 - 3 - 1 2 1. Very good job catching us up from 1619-1865 in terms of the history of slavery African Americans and Their Fight for Equality by blacks

Civil Rights Movement

812 words - 4 pages Parks refusal to do so she was arrested and later pleads guilty. Parks was also a member of the NAACP at the time of her arrest. After her arrest the Women’s Political Caucus meeting at Alabama State College distributed leaflets calling for a boycott of the city bus and new minister Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., was elected president of the newly formed Montgomery Improvement Association (Morris, 2006: 305-306, EBSCO). The city of Montgomery

Review Discussion

1343 words - 6 pages desegregating? “with all deliberate speed” 27. How long did the bus boycott in Montgomery last? About a year 28. Where was Martin Luther King, Jr. killed? Memphis, TN 29. Where did the “Bloody Sunday” march for freedom take place? Selma, AL 30. Where was the brutal violence against protesters caught on TV and Dr. King put in jail where he wrote a specific letter? Birmingham, AL 31. Where did a state’s armed forces oppose the

Civil Rights Timeline

1471 words - 6 pages , 1955 - Rosa Parks defies city segregation - Often called "the mother of the civil rights movement," Rosa Louise McCauley Parks, b. Tuskegee, Ala., Feb. 4, 1913, sparked the 381-day Montgomery bus boycott that led to a 1956 Supreme Court order outlawing discriminatory practices on Montgomery buses. In December 1955, returning home from her assistant tailor job in Montgomery, Parks refused a bus driver's order to surrender her seat to a

Martin Luther King 5

647 words - 3 pages decided to do to something to make the world a better and fairer place. Dr. King became a civil rights activist early in his career. In Montgomery, Dr. King became a respected leader in the struggle to help African Americans achieve the full and equal citizenship to which they were entitled. When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus on December 1, 1955, he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott against public bus transportation, which required

Related Papers

Rosa Parks And The 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott

1141 words - 5 pages Rosa Parks and the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott HIST102 American History since 1877 The civil rights movement in the United States was a struggle against the racial discrimination and segregation the African Americans faced prior to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Dating back nearly 100 years, when the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, black people in the South had been fighting for equality from the moment they were freed from

Montgomery Bus Boycott. This Paper Is About The Bus Boycoot Concentrating On Martin L. King

5501 words - 23 pages The Montgomery bus boycott changed the way people lived and reacted to each other. The American civil rights movement began a long time ago, as early as the seventeenth century, with blacks and whites all protesting slavery together. The peak of the civil rights movement came in the 1950's starting with the successful bus boycott in Montgomery Alabama. The civil rights movement was lead by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who preached nonviolence and

Womens Rights Essay

607 words - 3 pages segregation going on by the Jim Crow Laws. For her actions, Rosa Parks was remembered as one of the most important Civil Rights Movement activists. Rosa made a big impact for the movement from the actual incident that took place, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and the trial, Browder vs. Gayle. During the 1950’s there were many laws about segregating blacks and whites, one of them being that the first four rows on the bus were reserved for white people

The Rosa Parks Story Essay

342 words - 2 pages bus incident led to the formation of the Montgomery Improvement Association by Martin Luther King Jr. The boycott of the Montgomery bus line for 381 days finally resulted in a ruling of the 1956 Supreme Court declaring that segregation was now illegal on city buses. Moreover, Rosa Parks' quiet and courageous act eventually led the way to the end of legal segregation in America.