â€œThe Decline of the Mycenaeansâ€
In regards to Ancient Greece, there is a frequent inability to
determine a completely factual account of how its history occurred,
due primarily to a lack of tangible evidence. Among these
unanswerable questions remains the fate of the Mycenaeans, in
particular, how exactly their culture faded into obscurity. It is
with this demise that I have found myself most intrigued, as the
affluence and productivity of the culture had all the characteristics
of a long lasting people, yet they seemingly vanished out of thin
air. Of the numerous possible causes for this ...view middle of the document...
The second of these theories states that internal strife and
conflict may have been the primary cause of the Mycenaean decline. We
know from historical records that there may have been a significant
drought occurring around the time of this great cultureâ€™s decline.
Given this cultureâ€™s heavy reliance on agricultural output, this
could very well have contributed to the number of burdens the
Mycenaeans were already carrying on their shoulders. Aside from the
number of unpreventable forces of nature, there was a great amount of
conflict inherently stemming from the frequent changes in Kingship.
We know that kings were constantly fighting to retain their
positions, and that this never ending struggle resulted in a frequent
shift of not only leaders, but the manner in which these leaders led.
There is no doubt that the absence of a palatial system will induce
instability within a governed people. Having already been weakened
and demoralized by the invasions of the Sea People, this absence of a
clearly established body of governance left the people open for an
invasion, with no real manner in which they could fight back.
The third manner in which the Mycenaeans may have disappeared
involves a Dorian invasion from the North. The Pylos Tablets clearly
refer to two distinct invasions: assumedly that of the Sea People,
and of the Dorians from the north. There remains a possibility that
the Sea People were actually Dorian, though this seems unlikely as
the invaders from the north had shown a great level of success by
land, and would therefore be unlikely to attempt a secondary invasion
by sea. The Mycenaeans were actually descended from Doric tribes,
seemingly in an effort to migrate and establish a wider basis of
influence. We know that the Dorians and Mycenaeans continued to trade
and interact with one another, though one can assume that these
interactions were not always peaceful. The Mycenaeans, due to their
prominence and wealth, were...