The Nature of Terrorists and Assassins
English Composition II
November 13, 2013
Terrorists and assassins have been committing atrocities against innocent people throughout the world for hundreds of years. Their violent crimes have made headlines all across the world, and their attacks on society seem relentless. What is a terrorist and assassin, and why do they do what they do? A terrorist is a person, usually a member of a group that uses or advocates terrorism. An assassin is one who murders by surprise attacks, and is also someone who carries out a plot to kill a prominent person. They are both motivated by their beliefs, the will to terrorize the ...view middle of the document...
It was “adopted as a means to establish order during the transient anarchical period of turmoil and upheaval that followed the uprisings of 1789, as it has followed in the wake of many other revolutions.” (Hoffman, 1998, p. 5). The revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre firmly believed that terrorism would bring peace to his government and office. “In 1794 terrorism was seen for what it really was and considered abuse of office and power with criminal implications. Maximilien Robespierre was executed by the guillotine and terrorism was disbanded and considered a crime.” (Hoffman, 1998, p. 9). After and even before the events that happened on September 11, 2001 the terrorist organization was considered a pestilence to civilization. Wojciech Stankiewicz (2005) states that “the international community is troubled by terrorist attacks that kill thousands of people, violate the sovereignty of countries, and heighten the sense of menace and insecurity among people all over the world.” (p. 4). Terrorists are known to use hijacking, skyjacking, bombing, kidnapping and even assassinations as part of their methods to pursue religious and political agendas. The greatest advantage a terrorist use is the element of surprise, with careful planning most of the time the terrorists are able to pin point special events when people are gathered together which make their attack successful once it goes according to plan. There are two types of terrorists that is familiar in today’s society, there is individual and organized groups. An individual terrorists acts out of personal agendas with no political goal. Even though individual terrorists are not as dangerous as a large terrorist group, they are still a threat to society because they are difficult to detect and even harder to find once they have committed their crime. An organized terrorist group is focused on achieving a political agenda and is motivated by ideology and a desire for national liberation. Terrorism is a criminal act, and the criminals known as terrorist victimize the innocent for their personal and political beliefs. The terrorist is basically a violent individual prepared to use force and violence to achieve their goals, and they won’t stop till they get what they want. Gregory L. Keeney and Detlof vonWinterfeldt (2010, p. 1) stated that “A better understanding of the motivation of terrorists and their reasons for selecting certain modes and targets of attack can help improve the decisions to allocate resources in the fight against terrorism.”
Assassins are no better than the typical terrorists, in some instances assassinations have been used as terrorist’s methods. There are differences between the both even though they may use similar tactics, assassins are considered lone assailants that are motivated by financial, personal or political agendas. An assassin is very similar to a terrorist because they live to see others in misery and also play a big part in taking people’s lives....