This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Nature Vs Nuture Debate Essay

1899 words - 8 pages

Firstly, we need to know what the two words mean.
NATURE: this term is been known as heredity. It would further more be referred to what is typically thought of as inheritance, that is differences in genetic material(chromosomes and genes) which are transmitted from generation to generation(from parents to offspring). The father of genetics Gregor Mendel (1865) explained the difference between smooth and wrinkled seeds in garden pea in terms of different genes. Similarly, modern human genetics focuses on genetic difference between individuals, reflecting the use of the word “nature” by Galton, who coined the phrase nature-nurture in 1883 as it is used in the scientific arena.
Genes are ...view middle of the document...

The issue concerning the nature and nurture debate would be referred back in the 17th century. Plato, the Greek philosopher, believed that a child began life with knowledge already present within him.
In the 17th century, the French philosopher René Descartes argued similarly, whereas his English contemporary, empirical philosopher John Locke proposed that there were no innate ideas. He believed that the mind at birth is like ‘white paper void of all characters’, a ‘blank slate. Darwin’s theory of evolution, with its message that traits were inherited, influenced early psychologists.
James (1890) believed that human’s beings had innate tendencies in which determined natural selection.
Pavlov came up with the idea of behaviourism in the early 1900s. Behaviourism became the new wave of Psychology and influenced a lean towards the nurture side. It was not effectively argued against until 1928 when Watson published his book. This opened up the floodgates for environmental influences studies. Soon the idea of nurture was the popular excuse for behaviour. Studies using animals were the most popular was in which scientists used to prove a theory, or disprove a theory. The newest studies use human twins to prove nature vs. Nurture The idea of the mind, at birth, as a ‘blank slate’ became orthodoxy in the 20th century, although there were challenges.
Ethnologists such as Lorenz and Tinbergen in the 1930s introduced the concepts of instinct and critical period, both innate features of behaviour.
In the 1950s, Chomsky challenged the behaviourist account of language acquisition, suggesting that it happened not just through experience but because human children had an innate language module in the brain.
Also in the 1950s, Burt was promoting the heritability of IQ. The latest move away from ‘blank slates’ has been the swing towards evolutionary psychology because it explains behaviour in terms of innate factors.

In the 1960s, Skinner also became well known for his research in behaviourism. Most of his work dealt with behaviour modification with animals. Probably Skinners most famous research is when he conditioned pigeons to guide missiles. However, Skinner, and others in his field began to receive scrutiny for ignoring the biology of humans. Yet, Skinner responded by saying, & quote; the objection to inner states is not that they do not exist, but that they are not relevant in a functional analysis.
From the 1920s to 1950s, behaviourism and nurturism dominated psychology. The domination did not go without any challenges, and it did not last forever. As early as 1929, behaviourism came under attack by psychologists who believed genes were the key to human behaviour. To begin, Arnold Gesell questioned the environmental view of Watson, Gesell contended that there was nothing one could do through training young infants to accelerate their development; one simply had to wait until the cells of the nervous system ripened The biological research...

Other Essays Like The Nature vs Nuture Debate

Nature vs Nurture Research Proposal Essay

963 words - 4 pages Working Title: Nature VS Nurture – A Study of Criminal Behaviour Subject and Background: In this research paper, the researcher will analyze the ongoing and historical debate on whether human behaviour is reliant on one’s environment, as opposed to it being pre-determined by one’s heritable biological genes. The nature vs nurture debate dates back to the 19th century. Sigmund Frued – the father of psychoanalysis – stated in his

Ethical Issues abortion Essay

1284 words - 6 pages more gray areas than others. Those who are pro-life claim that it is the murder of a helpless baby who has not yet had the chance to live and function as a human being. However, the debate opposite it is; it is a woman's right to choose what happens to her body, and if she decides that she is not capable of bringing a child into this world, than she shouldn't be forced to out of nature. Where do we draw the line between humane and inhumane, death

Advertising Analysis

1995 words - 8 pages cares about their children but also know about it is on their should to take care of the family. The highest level is self-actualization, the whole advertisement gives audience information is these are nature-friendly products. Customs who choose this brand are not only care about their own life, but also care about the nuture. AD2: Bare tableware This advertising is Bare tableware from solo company. It use green color which means nature

Normative Development

2652 words - 11 pages development must be multifaceted and complex. A discussion of this complexity involves the debates common to psychology research of nature vs. nurture, activity vs. passivity, continuity vs, discontinuity and universality vs. context specific. As stated in this essay question all people experience their lives differently. The debate of whether people are influenced in their development more by the biological factors of their birth ie. by nature

Role Models

634 words - 3 pages scandal. Slowing down the policy process to debate. David broder , an editor: scandals in congress even of pretty nature are easier to sell to most editor than the stories of larger consequences. Pple dislike congress but reelect their congressman over and over again. Requisites 25 yrs old, citizen 7 rys hr, serve 2 yrs , elected form congressional districts within the states. Senate 30 yrs old citizen for 9 yrs - serve 6 yrs, 1/3 seek

Trading Places

756 words - 4 pages AMCS 200 9/14/12 Trading Places The ideas of agency and structure are seen in everyday American culture, and the movie Trading Places shows this very well. The movie does show some standards of being independent, but I think the film tends to favor more of the structure side. Randolph and Mortimer Duke have entirely different views on the debate of nature vs. nurture. Randolph believes genetics really makes a good businessman, while

To Pray or Not to Pray

964 words - 4 pages sponsor prayer in public schools because it is a violation of the First Amendment stating, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise". Then Township vs. Schempp, in 1963, the Court ruled that the government might not sponsor Bible reading and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in public school. Throughout the 1960s the debate continued. Later, in Lemon vs. Kurtzman, in 1971, the court

This Is An Essay That Compares Islam And Christianity

685 words - 3 pages Islam VS ChristianitySimilarities and Differences between Christianity and Islam]The Muslim and Christian religions are two religions that share many concepts and beliefs while at the same time having major differences in some areas of faith. The Islamic religion was influenced in part by Christianity but developed into a very different practice with its own unique rituals, prayers, and beliefs. In the Muslim faith, their primary source of

Work2110

1073 words - 5 pages ] - pursuit of positive experiences that make them happy [AUSTRALIA])Hierarchy vs. egalitarianismMastery vs. harmonyMastery: master, change and exploit natural/social environment for goals (values ambition, success, daring, competence)Harmony: understanding & fitting in with environment (unity with nature, protection of the world, world peace) (Norway)Tromoenaar's Dimensions of cultureUniversalism vs. particularismParticularist: circumstances &amp

Media in the Courtroom Research Paper

1705 words - 7 pages insane media coverage. Which is giving the public aware to cases that gets national media coverage an inside aspect of what happens afterwards. So the question is still at large should or should media be allowed in the courtroom. References Barber, S. (1987). News cameras in the courtrooom. A free press-fair trial debate . Norwood, NJ : Ablex Publishing Corporation. Charles, M. (n.d.). Free press Vs. Fair trials: Book

Socialisation In Children

752 words - 4 pages the way we do in society because of an animal instinct that is ground in our genetic makeup. Sociobiology states that genetics is the sole factor responsible for the behaviour in humans and animals. There are three types of sociobiology. Broad sociobiology deals with general behavioural tendencies present in animals and humans. Narrow sociobiology is based on the evolutionary theory and focuses on the genetic aspects of behaviour in most animals and humans. Narrow sociobiology adamantly rejects the notion that culture can affect behaviour. Pop sociobiology uses the argument of Narrow sociobiology, and relates the evolutionary theory to human nature.

Related Papers

Nature Vs. Nuture Essay

804 words - 4 pages behaviours of members and non-members of the stereotyped groups. EDITPhilosophical considerations of the nature vs nurture debate EDITAre the traits real? It is sometimes a question whether the "trait" being measured is even a real thing. Much energy has been devoted to calculating the heritability of intelligence (usually the I.Q., or intelligence quotient), but there is still some disagreement as to what exactly "intelligence" is

The Evolution Vs. Creation Debate

736 words - 3 pages The Evolution vs. Creation debate is arguably considered the greatest question of origins, why, how, and where did everything come from. Science has made the compelling discovery that, at some point, the universe began. Both sides of the Great Debate now agree that the universe has not existed eternally. This is where the agreement ends. As far as the "why" and "how" of the origins, this is where the division and contention begin. There

Nature Vs. Nurture Essay

994 words - 4 pages Nature vs. Nurture Over the years there has been a pretty big debate over nature verses nurture and which one plays the larger role in human development and how they act. Nature is the genetics or hereditary influences of a person; basically nature is the genes you are born with that can’t be changed. Nurture is experiential or environmental influences that you develop over time after you are born, such as how your parents raise you which

Comparing The Use Of Qualitative And Quantitative Research In Marketing

1318 words - 6 pages Running Head: IMC 612 Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research 1 Comparing the Use of Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Marketing IMC 612 Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research 2 Qualitative vs. Quantitative Though qualitative and quantitative researches differ in their