The Old Badger Essay

1639 words - 7 pages

"The Old Badger"

A proven lawmaker, Tokugawa Ieyasu Shogun received the nickname "The Old Badger" for his contributions to the prosperity of Japan in the seventeenth century. His memoirs, entitled "Legacy of Ieyasu," advanced the society of Japan for centuries through the betterment of those who would succeed him. Esteemed twentieth-century scholars, such as George Sansom and Edwin O. Reischauer, explore the success of Ieyasu’s controversial imperial legal codes and the effects they had on the history of Japan in Makers of World History. Through the instructions of Ieyasu and the studies of today’s scholars, it can be established that Ieyasu was, conceptually, a good ruler; however, ...view middle of the document...

Ieyasu’s views of the relationship between a lord and his vassal emphasized the significance of such a respect, stating the notable lessons of the Chinese ceremonial book, Li Chi, and its lesson of the distinction between a man’s wife and his favorite concubine. Ieyasu valued the faithfulness of his subjects, especially his warriors, because he felt that any man who could not set apart the distinction between the two women could lead a great nation to its demise (75).

Ieyasu also emphasized the importance of benevolence and good personal conduct in a successful leader. He spoke of the human compassion his successors must take for their subjects, and vice versa, in order to make the country prosper:

If the lord is not filled with compassion for his people and the people are not mindful of the care of their lord, even though the government is not a bad one, yet rebellions will naturally follow. But if the lords love Benevolence, then there will be no enemies in the Empire. (72)

Like any good leader, Ieyasu valued the ideal which urges the "Supreme Sovereign of the Empire" to look upon his subjects not only as followers, but also as children from whom he must obtain support and respect in order to succeed (75). He characterized Benevolence as a distinction between inferior and superior, thus the difference between the unfaithful Tozama Daimyos or "Outside Lords" and the dependable Fudai Daimyos who were his hereditary family (76-77).

According to his third basic principle, Ieyasu stressed the importance of a set structure of vassalage. Ieyasu clarified the inferior and superior concept by stating that if a man is supported by his retainers, he has ultimate control of his country; however, he cautioned that not everyone can be a trustworthy character (72). He stressed the need for constant mobility between the fiefs of the Tozama and the Fudai, stating that this fundamental would allow his successors to control angry lords and unruly vassals merely by their unfamiliarity with their surroundings (73). Ieyasu felt that only the trustworthy should succeed the shogunate, even if the unrighteous subject is the leader’s son and successor. Along with this principle, Ieyasu gave "official stipends and rank only if they [lords] conduct themselves properly" (74).

Ieyasu’s final principle dealt with the ever-powerful role of the military, especially in the vital trading port of Nagasaki. He cautioned his successors, stating that the role of a military did not always have to end in mortal combat, but if war were inevitable, the sword should be handled correctly, for it is the soul of the warrior. According to Ieyasu, "The right use of a sword is that it should subdue the barbarians while lying gleaming in its scabbard" (73). Ieyasu also stated the importance of rulers keeping level heads and using controlled substances with extreme caution, for those who could not hold their offices responsibly should be "deprived of office and commit suicide"...

Other Essays Like The Old Badger

Television Sitcoms over Time Essay

3947 words - 16 pages apartment and gets harassed by her roommates to buy a new one. Being stuck with having no spare cash she decides to do miscellaneous jobs and sell whatever she has to buy a new television. After having no luck with this she decides to go back to her Ex-boyfriends house that has the exact same television to take it back since she initially bought it. Although being faced with the fear of old feelings arising she made the bold gesture to go there

Militant Hinduism Essay

3198 words - 13 pages celebrated Indian corporate giant – has publicly endorsed his governance in Gujarat; other corporate czars have touted him as a prime minister-in-waiting, and even as news of continuing miscarriages of justice trickle in from his state, middleclass Indians now openly toast his probity and iron strength of purpose. Gujarat is a symptom both of old passions beneath the skin and of new directions India is taking. A symptom of the raging chaos India

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Related Papers

The Wise Old Woman Essay

2393 words - 10 pages village had no answers. They tried seeking help from the gods. Wise old man 1 - Help us! Narrator 1 - But the gods remained silent, so they went to the clever badger of the forest, for they knew the animals are sometimes wiser than men. Wise old man 2 - Surely, you can help us. Badger - (Shaking his head) As clever as I am, I see no way to solve such impossible tasks as these. Narrator 1 - The six wise people returned to the young lord

Of Mice And Men Essay

1042 words - 5 pages badger Candy to kill his old dog. When Slim agrees with Carlson, saying that death would be a welcome relief to the suffering animal, Candy gives in. Carlson, before leading the dog outside, promises to do the job painlessly.Slim goes to the barn to do some work, and Curley, who is maniacally searching for his wife, heads to the barn to accost Slim. Candy overhears George and Lennie discussing their plans to buy land, and offers his life's savings if

Life Is Precious Essay

1410 words - 6 pages their family. The person who is suffering of pain, depression, and other effects of the disease longs for dying, so the family should be very supportive and show them that they can still live as much as possible and have a positive outlook of the world around them. For instance, a 39-year-old woman Rebecca Badger, who was a mentally troubled drug abuser and had no physical disease, that obviously was not able to decide about physician-assisted

A Different Kind Of Heat Wave The Debate Over 'fahrenheit 9/11' Has Temperatures Soaring (Artical)

2047 words - 9 pages includes endless shots of Bush golfing, taking vacations and shaking hands with Saudi oil tycoons at fancy hotels. Moore revives the old pre-Iraq war stereotype of Bush as a hapless, inarticulate bungler but with a twist; Bush is portrayed as lazy, a failure of will and not genes."It's so easy to say that Bush is an idiot," Moore said in an interview yesterday. "But I don't say it. You just let his own words and his own pictures do it."In one already