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The Origin Of Basketball And I

1661 words - 7 pages

Over the years since basketball was invented, its popularity has gotten very big. The game is played all over the world and has made a lot of people rich through its many professional leagues. The National Basketball Association is, by far, the most popular league in the world, but a lot of people like to watch college, high school, and recreational basketball as much. The game of basketball is one of the most popular and exciting games to watch or play on any skill level.
     In December of 1891, Dr. James Naismith was a teacher at the Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. It was winter and one of his superiors, Dr. ...view middle of the document...

Since the baskets were placed on the balconies, which happened to be ten feet high, the players needed a ladder to get the ball out after each score.
     By 1897, the size of teams had reduced to only five players and the ball was replaced with a slightly larger leather ball, very similar to what is used today ("Basketball"). As the popularity grew, more people began to go and watch the games. Sometimes the fans would sit up on the balcony which the baskets were hung and would often interfere with a shot. This caused a problem because at that time there was no rule for fan interference. This caused another piece of equipment to be introduced. The backboard, which was often made of wire. It also made it a little easier to score because the players could now bank the ball off the backboard and this meant that the players didn't have to shoot directly at the hoop, so it made it a little harder to defend the person with the ball ("Basketball"). The courts often had a cage around them to keep the fans from just walking on the court at will. This is the origin of the term "Cagers" which referred to the players on the court (Anderson, 10).
     In 1906, a new type of goal, the metal hoop, was introduced. A bag of "braided cord netting" was attached to the bottom of the hoop. By pulling this cord, the ball would pop out of the net. Soon they started to use a net like the one used today ("History").
Until 1923 one player could shoot all of his or her team's foul shots. This was always the teams best shooter, which meant that this one player would more often than not, score most of his or her teams points (Anderson, 9).
In 1937, the center jump rule was taken away. This rule was, that after every made basket, each team would get around the center circle as they did at the tip-off, and jump again (Anderson, 9). Before this rule was taken away, twenty points was often enough for as team to win. The departure of this rule allowed teams to fast break, which intern, made the scores much higher.
In 1954, two more elements of the game were introduced. The "Bonus" situation, where any foul over six in any half of the game would result in the player fouled on the opposing team shooting a one-and-one. This means that if he or she makes the fist one, then they get another one. If they miss then they don't get another shot and the ball is in play. Any foul over ten would result in the player fouled on the opposing team shooting two foul shot. It doesn't matter if they make the first one or not (Vancil, 10). The other element was the twenty-four second shot clock. This amount of time seems odd to many people, yet it was quite simple to come up with. Danny Biasone, the owner of Syracuse at that time, got this number by doing a little bit of math. At that time, each team was averaging about sixty shots per game. There is forty-eight minutes in a game which...

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