The Origins of the Computer
This report is to be distributed freely and not to be sold for profit ect. This
report can be modifyed as long as you keep in mind that you didn't write it. And
you are not to hand in this report claiming credit for it heheh.
The Roman Empire, founded by Augustus Caesar in 27 B.C. and lasting in
Western Europe for 500 years, reorganized for world politics and economics.
Almost the entirety of the civilized world became a single centralized state. In
place of Greek democracy, piety, and independence came Roman authoritarianism
and practicality. Vast prosperity resulted. Europe and the Mediterranean bloomed
with trading cities ten ...view middle of the document...
Here broad streets, regular blocks of masonry
apartment houses, and continuous colonnaded porticoes were erected according to
a single plan and partially at state expense. The Domus Aurea itself was a
labyrinth of concrete vaulted rooms, many in complex geometric forms. An
extensive garden with a lake and forest spread around it.
The architect Severus seems to have been in charge of this great project.
Emperors and emperors' architects succeeding Nero and Severus continued and
expanded their work of rebuilding and regularizing Rome. Vespasian (emperor AD
63-79) began the Colosseum. Which I have a model bad of. Built by prisoners from
the Jewish wars the 50,000 Colosseum is one of the most intresting architectural
feets of Rome. At its opening in 80 A.D. the Colosseum was flooded by diverting
the Tiber river about 10 kilometers to renact a naval battel with over 3,000
participants. Domitian (81-96) rebuilt the Palatine Hill as a huge palace of
vaulted concrete designed by his architect Rabirius. Trajan (97-117) erected the
expansive forum that bears his name (designed by his architect Apollodorus) and
a huge public bath. Hadrian (117-138) who served as his own architect, built the
Pantheon as well as a villa the size of a small city for himself at Tivoli.
Later Caracalla (211-217) and Diocletian (284-305) erected two mammoth baths
that bear their names, and Maxentius (306-312) built a huge vaulted basilica,
now called the Basilica of Constantine.
The Baths of Caracalla have long been accepted as a summation of Roman
culture and engineering. It is a vast building, 360 by 702 feet (110 by 214
meters), set in 50 acres (20 hectares) of gardens. It was one of a dozen
establishments of similar size in ancient Rome devoted to recreation and bathing.
There were a 60- by 120-foot (18- by 36-meter) swimming pool, hot and cold baths,
gymnasia, a library, and game rooms. These rooms were of various geometric
shapes. The walls were thick, with recesses, corridors, and staircases cut into
them. The building was entirely constructed of concrete with barrel, groined,
and domical vaults spanning as far as 60 feet (18 meters)...