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The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing

1494 words - 6 pages

Position Paper – The Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation

The Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation
Animal research has had a major role in many scientific and medical advances. It has both its advantages and disadvantages. “Moreover,” animal experimentation is an extremely controversial subject that has divided people into a group that either support animal testing or oppose it all together, and another that advocates the use of alternatives. There are many pros and cons when it comes to this subject. People all over the world have different opinions on weather animal lab testing is humane and necessary. Animal experimentation is unethical due to the practice of animal ...view middle of the document...

Animals are frequently used in biological and medical research, in the testing of drugs and commercial
The Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation
products, and in educational exercises in the sciences. While the number of animals used in the United States is not known, estimates range into several tens of millions annually (PCRM, 2012.). Researchers have been performing chemical tests on animals; their bloodstream is tainted with massive doses of various chemicals in order to see what the results will be. Most of the time, these doses of chemicals overwhelm the animal, causing it to die a painful and stressful death (PETA, 2012). Scientists also test new drugs on the animals to test the level of toxicity before being released. Animals are driven into madness to study conditions such as depression and schizophrenia. There are “also” various medical procedures done on animals to see if the procedure will be a success or not. Vivisection: the cutting of or operation on a living animal usually for physiological or pathological investigation; broadly: animal experimentation especially if considered to cause distress or result in injury or death to the subject (merriam-webster. 2012). Although medical testing is said to be done to ensure the safety of drugs and products for the human population, innocent animals are dying. Cosmetic testing is done on animals so they can determine the risks involved with using certain products. Dermal Irritancy Test which involves applying substances to the animals’ bare skin to see the effects it causes. The Draize Eye Irritancy Test involves putting in a large amount of a substance into the animal’s eyes to test the level of irritation it causes. Medical testing is cruelty to animals, these animals suffer the side effects and pain so a new drug or product can be released. Animals have different biological systems than humans do therefore tests cannot be accurate (Cosmetic testing, 2006).
Furthermore, one of the most disturbing parts of this practice is how these animals are obtained. The majority of animals in laboratories are purpose-bred (bred specifically to be used
The Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation
in experiments). People who sell purpose-bred animals are categorized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as class A dealers. Some of the dogs and cats used in laboratories are purchased from brokers known as class B dealers, who acquire the animals at auctions, from newspaper ads, or from various other sources including some animal shelters (a practice known as "pound seizure"). Pound seizure laws vary from state to state with a few states requiring shelters to give up their animals for use in experiments and some prohibiting the seizure of shelter animals for research. Some states have no laws at all, leaving it up to the individual shelter or locality. Finally, some animals used in experiments are taken from the wild—including monkeys, mice, rats and birds (Humane Society. 2012). Animals used...

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