The Pros And Cons Of Columbus' Discovery Of The Americas

1150 words - 5 pages

Why should we celebrate “Columbus Day”? People say that all he brought to the Americas were genocide, disease, and destruction (SB, pg. 44). There have been countless numbers of attacks on whether or not we should celebrate Columbus Day. Every year on October 10, we celebrate the bloodshed and the destruction of a very complex society but we also celebrate the opening of a great safety valve in the Americas and the introduction of the Americas to the advanced society of Europe. Before Columbus landed on the coast of Hispaniola, the social and economical aspects of the Americas were undeveloped and less complex than that of the growing economy and society of Europe. (SB, pg. 45) Columbus may ...view middle of the document...

The Europeans, at one point or another, would have discovered the Americas. Someone was bound to stumble on this huge landmass either by accident or purposely and set up civilizations there. Because Columbus was the first to do this, we celebrate his landing on the Americas and the result of this.
Before Columbus arrived at Hispaniola, the society of the Americas had stopped developing for about a thousand years; therefore it was less complex and technologically advanced than the society of the Europeans. The Americas were sparsely inhabited and unused. Much of the land had been used once but was soon deserted since the inhabitants were mostly hunter-gathers, wandering across the land. The land was basically wasted and it was lucky that the Europeans finally found a use for it. The Europeans used the empty lands for their benefit while the Indians had not. For a thousand years, the Americas had not changed with a few exceptions of the Iroquois, the Aztecs, and the Incas, which were continually developing though at a slower pace than the Europeans. The Americas were still mostly populated with nomads and there were much unused lands. The nomads that roamed the land often lived a vicious, vile, and short life. There were constant wars between different clans of nomads and there was scarcely any peace. All of the Indians therefore lived a life in fear and doubt. True relationships could never develop and neither could new innovations and technology when there was constant war going on. There was also no wheel, no written language, no division of labor, little agriculture, and scant permanent settlement. Although the Native Americans did live a comfortable enough life, their lives were still limited to great extent. When Columbus and his successors conquered the Americas, they moved the boundaries of life in the Americas back and sped up the process of development in the Americas.
Columbus brought the Americas to the attention of the growing scientific civilization of Western Europe. The European society was the predecessor to the modern world. Everything we have now: computers, telephones, and electricity, all evolved one way or another from the society of Western Europe back in the 1500s. The Europeans brought their society to the Americas where it developed to become what the United States is now. It was because of Columbus’ discovery that led to the arrival of ideas and people on which the United...

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