After 1834 in Britain, Many workhouses were built to house to growing population of poor people; overall, they served the poor very well by housing the people who could not support themselves or their families. The 3 main points I will be talking about in this essay is how the poor benefited from the workhouses, how the middle class people benefited from the workhouses and also the Rules and regulations of the workhouses. But first, I must tell you how the workhouses started to be built. Since Elizabethan times, poor people would be supported by the parish, supported by something call "outdoor relief". This was simply letting the paupers (poor people) stay in their own house, but still ...view middle of the document...
The paupers in the workhouse were treated fairly, if they disobeyed the rules, they would be punished (just like any other society). They were fed 3 times a day, and fed different foods mostly (the report on 'Dietary for Able Bodied Paupers of Both Sexes.'). These examples show how well the poor were treated in the work houses.
The middle class of Britain also benefited from the workhouses. Many middle class people owned small businesses or factories, and when workhouses were established these factories could hire the paupers from the workhouses. As stated above, the source "A report on the destination of boys who left Gressenhall workhouse (1845-53)" shows that many young, prosperous children left the work houses leaving for small or bigger businesses. Also, the middle class people did not have to pay as much due to the fact that they did not have to continue paying more and more for the rising outdoor relief payments. The workhouses were definitely an economic booster; they supplied jobs to small businesses and also large ones and also were definitely a lot more useful than outdoor relief.
Rules and regulations had to be followed in the workhouses; they improved the characteristics and principles of the paupers and kept all the paupers in line. The schedule was one of the main rules in these Workhouses, They had to be followed, and if not, the paupers would be punished. "Hour of rising: 5:45am
Interval for breakfast: 6:30~7:00am
Time for work: 7:00~12:00 noon
Interval for dinner: 12:00~1:00pm Time to work: 1:00~6:00pm
Time for supper: 6:00~7:00pm
Time for going to bed: 8:00pm"
This is from the report on Gressenhall workhouse in 1851. This source shows us that the peasants did not have to work as long as the paupers who were not in the workhouses. It shows how the paupers in the workhouses got long...