The Reconstruction Era And Its Effects On African Americans

1024 words - 5 pages

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Atef RumProfessor Bryan ShulerAFA 20009 September 2012The Reconstruction Era and its Effects on African AmericansAfter the Civil War ended in 1865, Congress implemented what is known as the Reconstruction, which lasted from 1865-1877. Planned by President Abraham Lincoln, the Reconstruction was a way to quickly reunite the nation and heal the scars left from the brutal war. However, after his unfortunate assassination, Lincoln's Vice President Andrew Johnson took over the responsibility of healing the nation and get it back to its former reunited glory. During the Reconstruction, Southern states were required to rewrite their constitutions, vow loyalty to the Union, ...view middle of the document...

Because of this adaptation, many states came up with their own refined version of the black codes, hence the Mississippi Black Codes and Illinois Black Codes. The refined versions of this law became a states way of controlling the freed African Americans based on the conditions of that particular state. The black codes were used to enforce white southern laws into almost every aspect of an African Americans life, such as labor laws, segregation laws, wages, education and many more. For instance, Laws designed to reestablish control over black workers were more complex than segregation laws, since the legislature faced the problem of securing this goal without restoring slavery (Moneyhon). This severely hurt the civil freedoms of the African Americans in the south. The black codes never succeeded in their goals, because in 1867 General Joseph Kiddoo, part of the Freedmen's Bureau, declared that it was an attempt at discriminating the African Americans, which is protected by the 14th Amendment.The Jim Crow laws were a broader set of laws that all relate to anything that enforced racial segregation. Anyone affected by this law is a person of color or with strongly suspected African American ancestry. The Jim Crow laws made African Americans have separate lives from whites. The laws segregated every aspect of life for the African Americans. They segregated schools, communities, railroad cars, busses, restaurants, stores, parks, theaters, cemeteries, and bathroom facilities. The Jim Crow laws were all in attempt to prevent any contact between whites and African Americans. These laws, enacted from 1877-1950s, won a major battle, and that was the Plessy V. Ferguson in 1896. In which the...

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