This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Reconstruction Era And Its Effects On African Americans

1024 words - 5 pages

Rum PAGE 1 Rum PAGE 1
Atef RumProfessor Bryan ShulerAFA 20009 September 2012The Reconstruction Era and its Effects on African AmericansAfter the Civil War ended in 1865, Congress implemented what is known as the Reconstruction, which lasted from 1865-1877. Planned by President Abraham Lincoln, the Reconstruction was a way to quickly reunite the nation and heal the scars left from the brutal war. However, after his unfortunate assassination, Lincoln's Vice President Andrew Johnson took over the responsibility of healing the nation and get it back to its former reunited glory. During the Reconstruction, Southern states were required to rewrite their constitutions, vow loyalty to the Union, ...view middle of the document...

Because of this adaptation, many states came up with their own refined version of the black codes, hence the Mississippi Black Codes and Illinois Black Codes. The refined versions of this law became a states way of controlling the freed African Americans based on the conditions of that particular state. The black codes were used to enforce white southern laws into almost every aspect of an African Americans life, such as labor laws, segregation laws, wages, education and many more. For instance, Laws designed to reestablish control over black workers were more complex than segregation laws, since the legislature faced the problem of securing this goal without restoring slavery (Moneyhon). This severely hurt the civil freedoms of the African Americans in the south. The black codes never succeeded in their goals, because in 1867 General Joseph Kiddoo, part of the Freedmen's Bureau, declared that it was an attempt at discriminating the African Americans, which is protected by the 14th Amendment.The Jim Crow laws were a broader set of laws that all relate to anything that enforced racial segregation. Anyone affected by this law is a person of color or with strongly suspected African American ancestry. The Jim Crow laws made African Americans have separate lives from whites. The laws segregated every aspect of life for the African Americans. They segregated schools, communities, railroad cars, busses, restaurants, stores, parks, theaters, cemeteries, and bathroom facilities. The Jim Crow laws were all in attempt to prevent any contact between whites and African Americans. These laws, enacted from 1877-1950s, won a major battle, and that was the Plessy V. Ferguson in 1896. In which the...

Other Essays Like The Reconstruction Era And Its Effects On African Americans

The Greenhouse Gases and Its Causes and Effects on the Earth

941 words - 4 pages atmosphere is oxidized and eventually converts in to carbon dioxide and water, then taking on the greenhouse effects of carbon dioxide. The sun is known for being the base of all energy in all ecosystems. It provides the energy, heat, and light that is essential to support life. In the greenhouse effect, the sun gives off solar and ultraviolet radiation to the Earth. The atmosphere absorbs ultraviolet and solar radiation and sends it out to

American Media; the Portrayal of African Americans

1135 words - 5 pages thought about African Americans (see, I don’t know what to say, Black America, African American, colored, friends), people of color, is no different from any other person I run into or that I have to deal with on a daily basis. The stereotypes of black America as seen on my television and in films continues to breakdown black America; however there is an effort to represent young black Americans as a successful social class. The stereotypes of

China’s Exchange Rate Regime and Its Effects on the U.S. Economy

2690 words - 11 pages China’s Exchange Rate Regime and its Effects on the U.S. Economy John B. Taylor Under Secretary of Treasury for International Affairs Testimony before the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade, and Technology House Committee on Financial Services October 1, 2003 Chairman King, Ranking Member Maloney, Members of the Subcommittee, thank you for giving me the opportunity to testify on China’s exchange rate

The History Of Hate Crimes Of African Americans And How It Became A Controverial Issue Today

2096 words - 9 pages commit hate crimes against African Americans. Hate crimes are "crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity, including where appropriate the crimes of murder, non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, aggravated assault, simple assault, intimidation, arson, and destruction, damage or vandalism of property" (Meadows, 1998 p. 2). At present, there are groups of people that hate African

Conciliation, Agitation, and Migration: African Americans in the Early Twentieth Century

1326 words - 6 pages not often mix well or felt comfortable with the African Americans. They spoke different languages and were of different religions. Almost all the newcomers worked and sent money back home to their families who remained in the West Indies. As many as one-third of the people who came from the West Indies went back home. In 1924 Congress imposed rigid restrictions on immigration to the United States, and immigration from the Caribbean dropped drastically.

European Colonialism and Its Effects on Ethnic Groups

529 words - 3 pages displaced peoples were allowed to retain their cultural identities. The colonization of Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Pacific by European powers such as Spain, Portugal, France, Britain and Holland was different in many significant ways. It has been described by many Anthropologists and Historians as the most pervasive form of colonialism. The Europeans brought military, political, religious and cultural change for more than 5 centuries on a

Modern Technology and Its Effects on Social Capital

879 words - 4 pages Robert Putnam’s theory on "social capital" written in 1995 and titled “Bowling Alone” illustrates his views in the declining public participation in civic groups and the corresponding decrease in "social capital." Before we are able to consider Putnam’s views, we must first decide on an appropriate definition for "social capital." Putnam, in his article, defines “social capital” as referring to features of public organization such as networks

Downsizing and Its Effects

5261 words - 22 pages RUNNING HEAD: DOWNSIZING AND ITS EFFECTS Corporate Downsizing and Its Effects on Middle Management Employee Morale [Name of the Writer] [Name of the Institution] Abstract This report analyses the reasons of downsizing and its future prospects as well as the impact on the employee’s motivation and the effectiveness. Here we will discuss about the factors influencing the downsizing decision and the types of scenarios where the

Soma And Its Effects

2507 words - 11 pages Soma and its Effects Throughout India's long and colorful history, there have been a considerable variety of groups who have left their mark on the land and its people. One of the most influential, however, were the Aryans. In fact, some of the Aryan customs still remain in modern-day India, such as cattle demanding great respect, which stems from the Aryan tradition of using such animals as currency (Chamberlain). The Aryans were mainly

Majoritian System and the Impacts on the African Political Power

1785 words - 8 pages to be used, it was later progressively modified or eliminated, due to its perceived non-democratic effects. The Majoritarian system, which is also known the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Is one of the oldest electoral system in the world, dating back at least to the 15thcentury, and also the simplest? This category can be subdivided into those requiring candidates to win a plurality, or an absolute majority (50+ percent) of votes to be elected, is

Prohibition and Its Harmful Effects

1732 words - 7 pages Topic: Prohibition and Its Harmful Effects Since the beginning of the eighteenth century, early colonists have attempted to control the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. Prominent people like George Washington and Benjamin Franklin were once leading figures in the Temperance movements that started in early Colonial times. The first temperance society in the United States was begun in New York in 1808 which

Related Papers

Violence In The Media And Its Effects On Society

1877 words - 8 pages Violence in the Media and its Effects on Society: Definitions, Effects on Society, Statistics, and Prevention ABSTRACT This paper discusses the effects of violence in the media and how it effects our society. First a definition of media and violence will be presented. Then an explanation about who violence can effect and what effects of violence are evident in our society today. Finally, various ways of prevention are explored and a discussion

Media And Its Effects On Society

1775 words - 8 pages Media and its Effects on Society Media plays a crucial role in our life nowadays. It serves as a bridge that connects people to the world, leading to a global exchange of information and knowledge. Media also offers platform for people to voice their thoughts on political and social issues, providing room for different perspectives. Unquestionably, media affects our life in nearly every ways. With a turn of a magazine page, a tune on a radio, or

Behavior And Its Effects On Education

1641 words - 7 pages Running head: Behavior and Education Behavior and Its Effect on Education Michael Woods Grand Canyon University: EDA 577 June 5, 2013 Behavior and Its Effect on Education Of the many issues facing leadership teams today, the ones that seem to continue surfacing are: student behaviors, over-age school population, and lack of parental support. Some feel as this can all be contributed to the socio economic backgrounds of the students

African Americans And Their Fight For Equality

1476 words - 6 pages have to deal with others and their perceptions on segregation, discrimination and isolation. According to Lawson (2010), racial segregation was a system derived from the efforts of white Americans to keep African Americans in subordinate status by denying them equal access to public facilities and ensuring that blacks lived apart from whites. During the era of slavery, most African Americans resided in the South in mainly rural areas