The Republicans Did More To Lose The Spanish Civil War Than The Nationalists Did To Win It

946 words - 4 pages

‘The Republicans did more to lose the Spanish Civil War than the Nationalists did to win it’ Discuss.

During the 1930’s Spain’s political divide grew until, to some, there seemed to be no other option than to seize power thus starting the civil war; in 1930 there was high levels of animosity between the left (socialist, communists and Republicans) and the right (Carlists/monarchist, CEDA, Falange) in the lead up to the 1933 election which was won by the National front (right wing) with the Radicals coming second a coalition between the parties did eventually follow in 1934, postponed 3 years as Zamora distrusted Gil Robles, this caused right wing anger however the inclusion of the CEDA ...view middle of the document...

The left wings meagre actions to quell right wing plotting eventually gave way to civil war, helped along by the murder of Calvo Soleto which allowed Franco to convince any hesitant right wingers that a revolution was necessary.

So as the revolution turned rapidly into a civil war the positions and territories looked like this; the right wing (Nationalists) control Morocco, Castile and the North, some of the south, their major assets are professional soldiers and foreign help. The Left (Republicans) control big cities (including Madrid), the centre of Spain and Catalonia, they only have trade union militias and fanatics, however their big asset is that they control the navy, meaning the Nationalist cannot transport soldiers form Morocco at the beginning of the war. The major problem for the Republicans is the ‘Non-intervention Pact’, signed by leading European powers stating that they would not get involved in the war, (the pact was ignored by Italy and Germany even though they had signed it however they went on to help the Nationalists) France and Britain stuck to the pact which meant, even thought they could legally buy weapons by international law, the Republicans were badly armed.

The Nationalists looked to be in a stronger position at the start of the war and they seemed to maintain it thorough-out; although they failed to capture Madrid in 1936 they did capture the Basques country and Asturias the next year. This gave them full control of the industrial north of Spain and so provided some way of paying for the help that they received from Hitler. Italy’s help however was free (Mussolini sought glory in victory). A major advantage that the Nationalist did have was that they were united under...

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