This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Restoration Under Charles Ii Essay

1557 words - 7 pages

The Restoration Under Charles II

Generally, the English people had a great celebration when Charles II returned to the throne in May of 1660.1 Many believed that restoring the monarchy was the only way to secure constitutional rights. In fact, there was an expectation that bringing back the king would return life to the way it was before 1642 and the rule of Cromwell. Charles II was responsible for improving the government for the people. However, despite some achievements, the king was not very successful in creating a stronger and more effective monarchy. He was dependent on his advisors and other parts of the government from the very beginning of his reign. There were ...view middle of the document...

Smaller committees within the council made all the major decisions.3 The king looked to the Privy Council for help in solving the country’s problems. Clarendon’s main objective for the council was to lessen the power of Parliament. Since the king relied a large deal on the council for making decisions, Parliament did not meet as often.4 Clarendon also knew that the militia was a major part of government, but he wanted to keep the army small. He knew that a large army would make the people nervous about an absolutist monarchy. A small militia kept the country safe from a possible foreign attack.5

There was one main issue that Clarendon and Charles disagreed on very strongly: religious tolerance. Clarendon believed in using coercive acts to eliminate dissenters. However, Charles did not want to persecute people with different religious beliefs if they were not causing problems for England. In April of 1660, he put these ideas into effect with the Breda Declaration. This declaration was the first of many signs that Charles was impartial to Catholics. Parliament, however, sided with Clarendon on this conflict. In 1661, Parliament passed the Act of Uniformity. The act ended all tolerance for Presbyterianism and forced all of its followers to agree to everything in the Anglicans’ Book of Common Prayer. Parliament also refused to accept the king’s ideas of toleration and ruled that the Breda Declaration had no merit.

Parliament then went one step further by passing the Clarendon Code. The members of Parliament believed that Catholics and other dissenters would continue to spread their ideas and cause problems for the government if they were allowed to practice their faith. They thought that persecuting these dissenters would end the conflict and cause everyone to unite. The Code outlawed all religious practices that were not Anglican, and it stated that dissenters would not be allowed to hold government positions.6 As a result of the Clarendon Code, people who refused to follow the Anglican faith were rejected from the Church of England and other parts of English society.7

By the end of 1662, it became clear that the restored Church of England was not well received by many people. Also, the legislation passed by Parliament was not fulfilling its goals of religious unity.8 Charles wanted more people to be content with the government. He agreed to the Act of Uniformity because he wanted to be safe from radical dissenters, but he did not want persecution to be so harsh. So on December 26, 1662, Charles made the Declaration of Indulgence. This declaration lessened the severity of religious persecutions and attempted to make dissenters loyal subjects of the king. When Parliament began another session in February 1663, Charles brought his ideas before its members, hoping they would pass a formal indulgence. However, Parliament would not agree to his ideas. Charles never did formally take...

Other Essays Like The Restoration Under Charles II

The Doctrine of Baptismal Regeneration Essay

4961 words - 20 pages THE DOCTRINE OF BAPTISMAL REGENERATION: AN ANALYSIS OF ITS ASSOCIATION WITH THE RESTORATION MOVEMENT A Research Paper Submitted to Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary Online In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course Systematic Theology II (TH 530-D09) By Justin Hartpence (23828793) May 12, 2013 THESIS STATEMENT This paper shall argue that this is an inaccurate depiction and seek to put forth the

Charles Guillou – an American Military Physician

914 words - 4 pages and officially put under arrest. President John Tyler reduced his sentence to one year. Guillou then filed formal charges against Commander Wilkes of regular mistreatment of his subordinate officers and for excessive punishment of his sailors in which he was only found guilty of illegal punishment. Once his year was up, Charles served on the USS Columbus under Commodore James Biddle, Commander of the East Indies Squadron. This ship was sent on a

The Parliament as the Main Innovator Between 1625 and 1629

574 words - 3 pages but there were more than just a few MPs who were unhappy because he did not negotiate with them and there was no chance of any grievances to be met. Charles now had a problem. He was very short of money, but under the terms of the Magna Carta taxes could not be imposed without the agreement of Parliament. Charles tried raising money in other ways. For example, he gave orders for Spanish treasure-ships coming from South


2457 words - 10 pages . Charles II landed in Scotland at Garmouth in Morayshire on 23 June 1650 and signed the 1638 National Covenant and the 1643 Solemn League and Covenant immediately after coming ashore. With his original Scottish Royalist followers and his new Covenanter allies, King Charles II became the greatest threat facing the new English republic. In response to the threat, Cromwell left some of his lieutenants in Ireland to continue the suppression of the


832 words - 4 pages District (CSFCD). The CSFCD had to rethink their plans and they built canals, levees, and dams there were over 1400 miles of water protection built. Much of the Florida Everglades were transformed into farmland in which much of the land was used for growing sugarcane. The Florida Everglades ecosystem and function also helped in the development of plans for its management and restoration. The Everglades received international and National attention

The Uneasy Alliance Between the Sacred and the Secular in Milton's Paradise Lost

2188 words - 9 pages religious turmoil. Milton began writing the first books of Paradise Lost in the final years of the short lived republican Commonwealth of England, and the latter books after the Restoration which ascended Charles II to the throne. Unsurprisingly, with Milton being a republican and sympathiser to Oliver Cromwell’s Parliamentarians (Milton labelled the deposed Charles I as a “tyrant”[1] and held position as Latin Secretary to the Commonwealth

Design Within Reach

5079 words - 21 pages LLC, and Chairman, Board of Directors, Design Within Reach CC: FROM: DATE: RE: Professor Richard Linowes, American University Emily Weiss, Strategy Consultant May 2, 2011 Strategic Analysis and Design Within Reach’s Next Steps EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 2009, problems at Design Within Reach reached a critical mass. Under CEO Ray Brunner, known more for his antics and wild management style than his success, the company unraveled the close ties

Refugee Law

967 words - 4 pages Poetry 3 ENG 206 The Romantic Poets 3 ENG 207 Introduction to Drama 3 ENG 208 Shakespearean Drama 3 ENG 209 The Rise of Modern Drama 3 ENG 302 The Victorian Poets 3 ENG 403 T.S.Eliot -The Modernist and Poets of Today 3 ENG 424 American Literature (II) 3 Minor (18 Credits) History ENG 427 Bangla Literature (II) 3 ENG 423 American literature (I) 3 ENG 303 The Restoration and 18th Century English Literature 3 ENG 401 The

Trueblood Case 09-4 Solution

1792 words - 8 pages the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability.” Since the provision simply clarifies who is responsible for the repair and maintenance and not specifies the amount paid for the maintenance, the present obligation from the provision would not be recognized. A contingent liability under IFRS shall not be recognized but disclosed in the financial statements with a brief description of the nature, an estimate of financial effect, and

History Of Prague: Travel And Tourism Guide Of Prague

1570 words - 7 pages bearing the city's coat of arms. This banner currently stands in the Royal Military Museum in Stockholm. In 1576, Rudolf II became King of Bohemia, chosing to stay in Prague and further its cultural enrichment. Under Rudolph's rule, people of any profession were welcome in court, and he encouraged these people to pursue their interests. His entourage consisted of astrologers, magicians, scientists, musicians, and artists. In this century, many

English Literature

1331 words - 6 pages . 2. SAS No.106, "Audit Evidence," identifies the principal "management assertions" that underlie a set of financial statements. The occurrence assertion was particularly critical for ZZZZ Best's insurance restoration contracts. ZZZZ Best's auditors obtained third-party confirmations to support the contracts, reviewed available documentation, performed analytical procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of the revenues recorded on the

Related Papers

The Lost Of King Charles In English Civil War

597 words - 3 pages The Reason why Charles I Lost The Civil War The English Civil War was a fighting/conflict between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Charles I/ Cavaliers). At the end of the Civil war Charles I was executed at Whitehall place, London. Despite than no one will run the country, Charles II (the son of Charles I) immediately replaced his father role of being the king of England. But during the Civil War, lots of lives were taken away

Slavery In The Carolinas Essay

981 words - 4 pages established itself as a slave holding community. Although South Carolinian’s treatment of African slaves was cruel, slavery was a crucial part of economy because it allowed profitable crops to be harvested and later exported to New England and Britain. Although North and South Carolina were established as one major colony in the 1650s by Charles II, over the years they became extreme opposites. Originally a restoration colony, the Carolina’s were

Meiji Restoration Essay

1026 words - 5 pages Paul Seley Global Studies II Honors Mrs. Riley 1st April 29, 2008 The Meiji Restoration: Life or Honor The Meiji Restoration period in Japan is known to historians as the end of Japan’s isolationism, and its entrance into the world as a global player. Japan’s economy was greatly bolstered, and new philosophies and ideals from the west flooded in. These ideas opened minds to different ways of thought. Because of the new technology of

The Diary Of Samuel Pepys Essay

1610 words - 7 pages balance-sheet…brought up under Puritan direction…[he was] haunted thereafter by a lingering sense of guilt about [the] exuberant enjoyment of all the pleasures of life, especially those of the flesh.” Pepys was born in London on February 23, 1623, and his life spanned the period of the Restoration from start to finish. In 1649, he attended the execution of Charles I. Later, with the sponsorship of one of his father’s cousins, Sir Edward