The Revolution Of 1800 Essay

1682 words - 7 pages

During the election of 1800, Thomas Jefferson succeeded in defeating the incumbent, John Adams, and assumed the presidency. In terms of elections though, the election of 1800 itself was a fascinating election in that it a heavily-contested election and was effectively the first time political parties ran smear campaigns against each other during an election. The Republican Party attacked the Federalists for being anti-liberty and monarchist and tried to persuade the public that the Federalists were abusing their power through acts such as the Alien & Sedition Acts and the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion (Tindall and Shi 315). The Federalists, on the other hand, attacked Jefferson for ...view middle of the document...

The Federalists no longer held power in the presidency and in Congress and as a whole, were “destined never to regain national power” (Tindall and Shi 317). The defeat of Adams was the beginning of the Federalists’ decline and their party would gradually fade over time into obscurity. Even more important was that the election of 1800 demonstrated the success of the so-called experimental republican government. Jefferson’s victory showed that it was possible for the government handle the transfer of power from the in-power party to the out-of-power party. Even though the period leading up to the election was filled with conflict between the political parties, after the election the presidency was transferred from Adams to Jefferson without bloodshed or legal issues. Jefferson was unanimously recognized as the president and the government was established as a legitimate political body that could handle change, not just a dynasty of Federalists (Mr. Weisend). The election of 1800 and subsequent deadlock between Jefferson and Burr also exposed a flaw in the U.S. Constitution that the original Founders did not expect. The Founders originally gave each elector in the Electoral College two ballots to cast for a President and a Vice President. They had hoped that the two candidates with the most votes would set aside their differences and assume the roles of President and Vice President, regardless of whether or not the candidates were from opposing political parties, as had happened in the election of 1796 where Adams became President and Jefferson became Vice President even though they were Federalist and Republican respectively. However, the Founders did not anticipate that teams of presidential and vice-presidential candidates would emerge, nor did they anticipate that electors would cast both their ballots for only one team (“Jefferson's Revolution of 1800”). Thus, when the ballots were tallied, there was no distinction between the presidential candidate and the vice-presidential candidate, who had both received the same number of ballots from electors. As a result, the 12th Amendment, which required electors to explicitly mark their selection for President and Vice President, was added to the Constitution. However, in terms of true political differences, Jefferson’s policies as President did not really deviate from previous Federalist policies. Although Jefferson had a vision of a nation of Republican Farmers that would be supported by universally provided education, and a reduced government, he was unable to accomplish these goals. He also desired to reduce the armed forces and get rid of Hamilton’s economic system. Unfortunately, external conditions proved too much for Jefferson and he was force to embrace many of the Federalist policies that he had previously opposed and abandon many of his Republican policies. Military conflicts, such as harassment from the Barbary Pirates, convinced Jefferson that a standing military was necessary for the...

Other Essays Like The Revolution Of 1800

The Causes of the Industrial Revolution

1083 words - 5 pages During the 18th century and late 19th century, a major technological, social, economic and cultural change known as the Industrial Revolution would start in Great Britain and eventually spread to many parts of the world. During that times preceding the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain’s economy relied heavily on manual labour, but would be soon rapidly replaced by industry and machines. The causes of the Industrial Revolution are complicated

Positive Outcomes of the French Revolution

1215 words - 5 pages taxation system and provided greater opportunities for the peasants to own land, which drastically improved the lives of the peasants. Before the French Revolution, The third estate made up 97% of the population and owned only about half of the land. After 1800, the third estate owned about 90% of the land. This increase in land ownership freed the peasants from being slaves to the Nobles. In the period before the revolution the high taxes caused

American Revolution: The Siege Of Charleston

1636 words - 7 pages The American Revolution: the war for our independence. This revolution opened the door to our liberty, freedom, and basically what America is now. Most Americans have heard the stories of famous battles, important people (George Washington for instance), and everything in between. However, this was only for our side of the American Revolution and a small fraction of people have been told of Britain’s campaign of the revolution. The only thing

Social Consequences of the Industrial Revolution

952 words - 4 pages A.  Justify your choice of the two most significant social consequences of the Industrial Revolution. Prior to the time of the Industrial Revolution, when new technologies speed up the production of goods, most people relied on farming and skilled crafts to make their living. The machinery of factories replaced the time consuming handiwork of individuals. Large scale manufacturing was now possible and as a result changes in the demand for

A Tale Of Two Cities Essays: The French Revolution

3024 words - 13 pages France and England in A Tale of Two Cities - The French Revolution    Introduction  In the eighteen-fifties, Charles Dickens was concerned that social problems in England, particularly those relating to the condition of the poor, might provoke a mass reaction on the scale of the French Revolution.  In a letter written in 1855, for example, he refers to the unrest of the time as follows:  I believe the discontent to be so

The Pros Of The Workhouses In Britain (1800's)

1014 words - 5 pages After 1834 in Britain, Many workhouses were built to house to growing population of poor people; overall, they served the poor very well by housing the people who could not support themselves or their families. The 3 main points I will be talking about in this essay is how the poor benefited from the workhouses, how the middle class people benefited from the workhouses and also the Rules and regulations of the workhouses. But first, I must tell

An Examination of the Communist Revolution of China as a Representation of Marxism and Maoism

4245 words - 17 pages . Chesneaux, Jean. Peasant Revolts in China. London: Thames and Hudson, 1973 Cotterell, Arthur. China: A History. London: Random House. 1995 Deakin, F. W., Shukman, H., Willetts, H. T. A History of World Communism. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1975. Fairbank, John King. The Great Chinese Revolution: 1800-1985. New York: Harper & Row. 1986 Fitzgerald, C. P., Roper, Myra. China: A World So Changed. Hong Kong: Thomas Nelson, 1972. Hoyt, Edwin P

How Far Was the Russo-Japanese War Responsible for the Outbreak of the 1905 Revolution?

1794 words - 8 pages Russia. This therefore caused the Russo-Japanese War to be partly responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution. Huge military defeats were caused by the Russo-Japanese War, which highlighted the weakness of the military and caused national humiliation, thus contributing to the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution. An example of such a defeat was in January 1905 when the army had to surrender their Port Arthur naval base in Northern China, which

Forced Founder: Indians, Debtors, Slaves & the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia

1905 words - 8 pages In his book Forced Founder: Indians, Debtors, Slaves & the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia historian Woody Holton answers the question of why the Virginia gentry declared independence and challenges the notion that they sought to join the movement for independence from Britain in a confident act of defiance based on their control of the colony’s affairs, leading the common man into the American Revolution. Holton argues that

Q: to What Extent Were the Financial Difficulties of the Government the Cause of the French Revolution

1287 words - 6 pages History - Year 10 Assessment Activity: Essay on French Revolution By Debajyoti Chaudhuri KM10 Q: To what extent were the financial difficulties of the government the cause of the French Revolution To a large extent, the financial difficulties of the government were the cause of the French Revolution. A major cause was the economic crisis and financial debt accumulated by the French Government which brought national unrest leading to

To What Extent Were Poverty And Prosperity Causes Of The 1789 French Revolution?

921 words - 4 pages Historical processes are not consequence of a single cause, there are always several complex structures involved and the historian must be careful to study all of them in their mutual interconnection. The French Revolution is a particularly complex process because it is a turning point in history and even now there are different points of view about its causes, development and consequences, however it is clear that one of the main short-term

Related Papers

Causes Of The Russian Revolution Essay

665 words - 3 pages Causes of the Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution was one of the most influential revolutions in the history of humanity, since the Russian Revolution caused Russia to become the first communist country in the world. It changed from being an absolute monarchy under the rule of Tsar Nicholas II to becoming under the rule of the first communist party government in the world. In my opinion, the most important causes that caused the

Causes Of The French Revolution Essay

1009 words - 5 pages included civil and international war. The Civil Constitution narrowed the support base of the revolutionaries by antagonising the peasants and civil war was the ultimate result. Prior to the civil constitution, the outbreak of the revolution had united different sections of the Third Estate. The peasants who constituted just over ninety per cent of the French population were by far the largest component of the revolution’s support base

Impact Of The Transport Revolution Essay

1284 words - 6 pages End of Unit Assessment Task 2: The Development of Transport in Britain The growth of the Industrial Revolution depended on the ability to transport raw materials and finished goods over long distances. The changes came in several stages. First, roads were built, then canals were built, and finally the railway was developed. Each change had an impact upon life in the growing country, each shortened travel times over longer distances and each

Impact Of The Neolithic Revolution Essay

531 words - 3 pages Writing Assignment Impact of the Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic Age was the beginning of established societies for modern man. This made way for the advancement in technology, economy and the advancement of society. By raising sheep and goats and food crops like barley and wheat they were able to domesticate animals and food. An economic system emerged after more of the nomadic bands started to settle as farmers. The most important