The Right to Jury Duty
Before 1972, those who owned their own home and were over a rateable
value were eligible for jury service. The Morris Committee in 1965,
estimated 78% of names on the electoral register didn't qualify for
jury service, 95% of women were also ineligible, either because they
lived in rented accommodation or were wives.
The committee recommended the right to do jury service should
correspond with the right to vote. That reform was brought in by the
Criminal Justice Act 1972 and can also be found in the Juries Act
To be eligible for jury service you must be aged between 18-70, you
must be registered on the electoral ...view middle of the document...
There is also a term called discharge, this is where there is doubt
about a juror's ability to serve on the trial for example the juror
may have language problems or deafness. The judge will decide whether
to discharge the juror.
In section 41 of the Criminal Justice and the public order act 1994 it
states that the judge can discharge the juror, if the person in the
judges eyes is not capable of acting effectively as a juror because of
a physical disability.
Computers randomly produce a list of potential jurors; this is done
from the electoral register. Summonses are sent out to the potential
juror with a form to return stating that the person can or cannot
attend jury service stating approximate reasons. When they are
returned a jury panel is formed. Jury service is compulsory for those
not disqualified, ineligible or excused, those failing to attend on
the day of court or under the influence of drink or drugs, can lead to
contempt of court, resulting in a fine or a prison sentence.
There are twelve jury members in the English court, there must never
be less than nine, but in the country courts there are eight jurors.
Of course all jurors must be vetted (checked out) this is done using