The Rise And Fall Of Civilization

912 words - 4 pages

Asking the Right Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking
Browne and Keeley, 2010

|The Right | |
|Questions… |Critical Question Summary… |
| | |
|What are the issues and the conclusions? |Before you can evaluate an author’s argument, you must clearly ...view middle of the document...

More importantly, you need to determine whether the author explicitly uses one of |
| |those definitions. If she does not, and if one of those meanings alters your acceptance of the conclusion, you have |
| |indentified an important ambiguity. Identifying ambiguous words and phrases is the next important step in determining|
| |whether you will reject or accept the conclusion (p. 52). |
| | |
|What are the value and descriptive |When you identify assumptions, you are identifying the link between a reason and the author’s conclusion as well as |
|assumptions? |ideas that must be taken for granted for certain reasons to be believable. If the linkage assumptions are flawed, the|
| |reasons do not necessarily lead to the conclusion. Consequently, identifying the assumptions allows you to determine |
| |whether an author’s reasons lead successfully to a conclusion. You will want to accept a conclusion only when there |
| |are reasons that are trustworthy and logically lead to the conclusion. Thus, when you determine that the link between|
| |the reasons and conclusion is flawed, you should be reluctant to accept the author’s conclusion |
| |(p. 69). |
| | |
|Are there any fallacies in the reasoning? |Once you have identified the reasons, you will want to determine whether the author used any reasoning tricks or |
| |fallacies. If you identify a fallacy in reasoning, that reason does not provide good support for the conclusion (p. |
| |88). |
| | |
|How good is the evidence? |When an author offers a reason in support of a conclusion, you want to know why you should believe that reason. By |
| |identifying the evidence...

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