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The Rise And Spread Of Islam

1446 words - 6 pages

The Rise and Spread of Islam
The world you once knew is falling to ashes and food is become such a scarcity that people are fighting over a few pieces of bread. The political class is too busy fighting among themselves to care for anyone else. Children are roaming the streets and begging for work to feed their dying, hungry stomachs. This is not a scene from a horror movie, but rather the reality of the beginning of post classical era. In these times of hardship the people turned to a higher power, which resulted in a religious boom. The main religion during the post classical era that had the greatest impact on people was Islam due to Muhammad, trade routes, the Black Plague, conquests and ...view middle of the document...

As mentioned in “The Spread of Islam,” they mention how a multitude of people were able to learn about Islam through trade. In other words, the trade routes and missionary activity was an ignition to the spreading of the religion even more than it was already spread. In the same article, it is mentioned that, Islam “appealed to lower-class groups because of its commitment to charity and spiritual equality; it also legitimated merchant activity more than did most belief systems at the time, and so could attract traders.” To elaborate, the charity equality also known as Zakat, is one of the five pillars. The Zakat is when a person or family donates money and the amount required to donate is based on the wealth of the person/family. It is obligatory to donate for those who are financially able to do so. The spiritual equality possibly represents the equality in religion between men and women, not necessarily the roles they have in society. The trade routes were a source for traders, merchants, and other people to be enlightened on Islam.
Just as significant to the trade routes, the Black Plague also led to the spread and rise of Islam. Prior to the growth of Islam, Christianity was the religion almost everyone kept their faith in. According to the article, “The Post Classical Era-A History of the World Through Diseases,” people believed that the plague was a “punishment from god for one’s sins”,”(result) for making poor choices”, and a “result they suffered the consequences from god.” In other terms, the people of the belief of Christianity thought this was God’s punishment for the sins or just of the choices they made. This led to an increase in prayers and other religious acts, but soon they became to realize that that cannot be the true cause of the disease. Some people may have even believed that if Jesus cannot stop these deaths, they should turn to another god, Allah. Furthermore, as mentioned in the article, believing in religion with closed eyes, led them to be blind of thinking of the cause of many deaths and the treatments possible for it. The people of the Islamic belief however tried to find treatments and gained a substantial amount of knowledge about the plague. The perspective on the plague that the Islamic people had led to more respect for the religion as well as many more followers.
Along with the plague, the various conquests also played an important role in the spread of Islam. Some regions that were conquered by the Arabic Empire were: Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, India, and parts of South-East Asia. These conquests led the Arabic Empire to control these regions and led to the spread of Islam. For instance, they enforced a tax on Christians and Jews, which resulted in many converts to Islam to avoid this tax. However, the people who kept belief in other religions other than Christian, Jewish, or Islamic, they were given an option to convert to Islam or sentenced to death which led to more converts of Islamic belief as...

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