The Rise Of The Western World

719 words - 3 pages

The Rise of The Western World

During the sixteenth century, the world powers weren’t the same as today. At the time, no country was greater than China. China’s advanced technology, fertile and irrigated plains, great canal system, and well run administration, were some of its numerous advantages over the rival countries. Although China was unquestionably superior when compared to all other world powers, some civilizations were not far behind. The Muslim world was quickly expanding during the sixteenth century. The Ottoman Turks’ strong army was rapidly conquering countries and their naval power was growing. The Turks’ were also able to accomplish what many other civilizations couldn’t. ...view middle of the document...

The shipbuilding industry developed many new ideas and experimented with different designs for various uses. They built tough ships that could carry a heavy load and maneuverable ships that could travel faster. Later they would build the long-range armed sailing ship that would help Europe take control of various oceanic trade routes.
Political fragmentation played a great role in Europe’s rise to greatness. Although the decentralization of power might have hindered Europe from reaching its potential, there were still some advantages. The decentralization of power created competition amongst the city-states and larger kingdoms. One of the most competitive areas was in the arms race. This competition encouraged artisans and inventors to improve weaponry. Improvements were made in the gunpowder grains, in making smaller cannons from bronze and tin alloys, in the shape and texture of the barrel and the missile, and in the gun mountings and carriages. These improvements improved the mobility of the artillery and increased the amount of cannons allowed onto a ship. The arms race also led to Italians developing a sturdier wall that would be hard to destroy. These walls were strengthened by raising earthworks inside the city walls and digging a steep ditch in front...

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