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The Role Of Women In Foraging And Horticultural Societies

687 words - 3 pages

The role of women in foraging and horticultural based societies
The role of women in foraging and horticultural based societies is somewhat alike in that they are responsible for most of the food. They are different because one gathers or collects food and the other produces food. The women of San in southwest Africa are a part of a foraging civilization; they collect food. The women of foraging communities use what they call a “digging stick” to find tubers, roots use for food. They gathered nuts, melons, fruit, and berries, which are the most important part of the San diet; they almost contribute eighty percent (Nowak & Laird, 2010).

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How a women’s status is impacted by her participation in food procurement
The San foraging society respects the oldest woman among as a community leader because of her dependable knowledge of locations to find food (Nowak & Laird, 2010). In horticultural societies, “women’s knowledge of plants, of where they grow, of what kinds of soil they liked, what kind of drainage, how much sun or shade, and so on, was greater that men’s knowledge(Nowak & Laird, 2010,“Division of Labor,” para.1) . These women play an important part in cultivation. The Iroquois community valued their women, for their work and role in village’s survival. As cultivators they owned the maize (corn); this gave them power within Iroquoian society (Nowak & Laird, 2010). Both the band (foraging society) and tribe (horticultural society) respect the women for their participation in food procurement.
How a woman’s status in these societies, compares to that of women in American society today
The women of both the band and tribe have a high status because of their...

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