THE ROLE THAT AUSTRALIA HAS PLAYED IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS IN THE POST-WAR PERIOD
Australia began to become more conscious of its role as a global citizen after the end of World War II. This is when Australia began to gain a sense of independence. It began to realise its isolation from Britain and the United States. Australia began to play a role in international affairs. Australia did this by being one of the founding members for the UN (United Nations) and by becoming part of regional agreements such as the Columbo Plan, APEC, ANZUS, and SEATO.
In June of 1945 Australia, along with fifty-one other countries signed the UN ‘Charter’ as ...view middle of the document...
It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. The IAEA works for the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. Its key roles contribute to international peace and security, and to the World's Millennium Goals for social, economic and environmental development. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Its main aims are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues.
By becoming a member of the UN, Australia signified a commitment to working to avoid military conflict among and within countries. Australia’s military forces have contributed to over 20 peacekeeping operations. Australia began this role in 1947 and since then the Australian troops have provided peacekeeping and humanitarian aid in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Iran, Iraq, the Middle East, Namibia, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, the Solomon Islands, Somalia and Zimbabwe.
In 1999, Australia responded to the UN’s request to send troops to East Timor as a peacekeeping operation. Over 5000 military personnel from Australia were sent. Twenty-one other countries combined to send another 5000.
Australia contributes to the United Nations mainly through the UN General Assembly. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) meets yearly and all countries are equally represented. At UNGA countries can discuss and address issues. The assembly runs until all matters are addressed.
Because Australia is part of the UN, it has introduced many of the UN’s laws into its legal system. Many Acts in Australia, mainly Acts relating to human rights, have UN conventions attached to them.
After World War II Australia has enhanced its security and economic prosperity by signing regional agreements with countries in the Asia Pacific area. Australia is part of The Colombo Plan, ANZUS, SEATO and APEC.
In 1950 the Commonwealth Conference on...