THE ROLES AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE UN-ICTR
One of the major crimes against humanity in the African history was the Rwandan Genocide. This was an attempt made by the Hutu Militias in Rwanda to eliminate Tutsi â€“ men, women and children â€“ and to erase any memory of their existence. Over a period of 100 days from the assassination of Juvenal Habyarimana on April 6th through mid-July 1994, out of a population of 7.3 million, about 1,174,000 people were brutally killed.
Approximately 2 million Hutus, with anticipation of Tutsi retaliation, fled from Rwanda to neighboring countries. With the return of the refugees, the Rwandan government began the long-awaited genocide ...view middle of the document...
The UN-ICTR has played an important role in bringing about International Justice via the court. International Justice is the action of the International Community under an International Jurisdiction on the crimes against humanity and violation of the International Humanitarian Laws, which are a concern for the entire human race. The crimes which include wars, rapes, murders, genocide, etc are caused by the national and international conflicts.
The Tribunal has contributed to National Reconciliation and Rehabilitation in Rwanda after the genocide. It aims at reconciling the genocide survivors who include women rape sufferers, HIV victims and orphans from the sad past by aiding them economically, politically and socially. It ensures the maintenance of peace and security in Rwanda so that the people can live in harmony once again.
The UN-ICTR aims at fighting against impunity and taking strict measures against the guilty. Impunity refers to the lack of accountability for violations of the Humanitarian Laws committed by the agents of a state. It is a direct threat to the Rule of Law which is a necessary basis of a democratic society.
The struggle of ICTR against impunity is mainly about ensuring that people who occupied positions of leadership and played part in the Rwandan genocide are not able to walk away...