This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Success Of Sir Robert Peel’s Irish Policy

1438 words - 6 pages

The Success of Sir Robert Peel’s Irish Policy

Sir Robert Peel’s strong-nerved and far-sighted approach to Ireland’s
social discontent demonstrated all the best attributes of the
innovative politician that he was. However, the minimal effect felt by
Irish people highlights the eventually fatal inefficiency of his
leadership. Peel’s policies were largely based on the principle of
“coercion and conciliation”: at first he took an authoritarian stance,
and only later looked to be persuasively appeasing. In doing so, Peel
hoped to promote Unionism, and hence to instil in the Irish a sense of
loyalty towards Britain. He aimed to stop Ireland’s radical threat by ...view middle of the document...

De Grey had appeared determined to ensure that
the Protestant minority withheld their outrageously out-of-proportion
leasing rights and, as a result, that this elite was able to persevere
in their attempts to persecute Catholics and so retain their archaic
privileges. The situation under de Grey was regarded by Peel as
“unjust… dangerous… and utterly impracticable.” Heytesbury’s arrival
was supposed to assure the recruitment of Catholics into the
magistracy and civil service, thus leading them away from what was
previously their only option: Irish nationalism. Most Irishmen,
however, saw one Englishman replace another, and to little effect. In
actions such as this, one can see that Peel failed to engage
whatsoever with the Irish people. From his privileged position in
Westminster, he was blind to the concerns of the people suffering in
deprived Ireland. This disengagement is again evident in Peel’s
Colleges Bill of 1845, which induced serious disapproval amongst the
Catholic elite. Peel’s initiative was to create new colleges of higher
education in Cork, Galway and Belfast, which would aim to develop an
educated middle class grateful to Britain’s help. However, the
non-religious nature of these universities angered Catholic bishops,
who had wanted a Catholic university of their own. The institutions
were described as “godless,” and were boycotted by the public at
large. The initiative’s failure demonstrated both the power of the
Catholic clergy, and the impotence of the British government. It
stands as a symbol of Britain’s momentous failure.

However, this ‘social engineering’ was not an ends in itself; rather,
it was a means to achieve the eradication of the supposed threat posed
by Ireland’s Republican factions. Daniel O’Connell’s Repeal
Association was the focus of this movement. Popular for its
constructive resentment of British rule, the Association could be
joined for as little as 1d per year, and hence attracted huge
membership. Plans to set up an independent Irish Parliament in Dublin
provoked fears that it would be used to repeal the Act of Union,
persuading Peel to act promptly and resolutely. By the summer of 1843,
the Repeal movement was growing strongly, posing an unprecedented
threat to British control. The situation exposed Peel’s authoritarian
side. He announced that any attempt to abolish the Union would be met
with unrelenting force, a move encouraged by reactionaries such as
Lord Wellington, who urged Peel to “attack remorselessly.” However,
rather than confront the country as a whole, Peel targeted what he
perceived to be the route of the problem: O’Connell himself. Banning
the Repeal Association’s next mass meeting, Peel had O’Connell
arrested, tried and imprisoned for sedition. The action, at the county
of Clontarf in October 1843, diminished O’Connell’s...

Other Essays Like The Success Of Sir Robert Peel’S Irish Policy

The-Common-Denominator-of-Success Essay

2963 words - 12 pages I had been brought up on the popular belief that the secret of success is hard work, but I had seen so many people work hard without succeeding and so many people succeed without working hard that I had become convinced that hard work was not the real secret, even though in most cases it might be one of the requirements. And so I set out on a voyage of discovery which carried me through biographies and autobiographies and all sorts of

The Usage of Nature by Robert Frost

1054 words - 5 pages The usage of Nature by Robert Frost Robert Frost, a famous American writer from the 19th century, utilized Nature to signify beauty, to make a comparison to life and death, and to illustrate the everlasting relationship between man and nature in many of his works. He focused on the dramatic struggles that occur within the natural world and the dark destructive side of nature. Frost also presents the natural world as one that inspires his

The Dark Side Of Robert Frost

1680 words - 7 pages Name 1 On March 26, 1847 a poet was born. Robert Lee Frost has written many works of art and to show his achievement, he has won several awards and honors. The first time that I was introduced to poetry was in my freshmen year of high school. I remember the poem that I first read in that year, because I thought it was a poem that could be related to every decision

Consider One or More of the Ways in Which Irish Fiction Addresses the Subject of Violence

2413 words - 10 pages There is a long history of violence within Ireland, and subsequently a long history of violence within Irish fiction. Ireland, like all countries, has seen multitudinous violent acts perpetrated for many different reasons, but for a long time within the Western media the most widely publicised aspect of Irish violence has been the political violence of Northern Ireland; the ‘Troubles’. Understandably this has shaped the collective psyche of the

PCL-R: The Test Of Success

846 words - 4 pages threat to society to be treated using methods of sedation, incarceration, and climaxing at lobotomization. But could the worry have been that these psychopaths would just become too successful? The following analyzed documents support the hypothesis that psychopathic personality traits lead to success. A psychopath is one who tests above 30 on the Psychopathy Checklist- Revised (PCL-R). This test contains 20 components, each question is

Innovation Management: the Key Strategy of Success

1018 words - 5 pages -time strategic planning process which we are going to talk about. Robert E. Johnston Jr.andJ. Douglas Bateargue that the strategy innovation process finds new ways to provide new value in the marketplace, and strategic planning determines if those opportunities provide new value for the company. (Johnston&Bate, 2013) The integration of these two guarantees the value creation of the company. Creative destruction brings about lots of uncertain

How Signifant Was the Contribution of Michael Collins to the Successes of Irish Republicanism in the Period 1916

2010 words - 9 pages How significant was the contribution of Michael Collins to the successes of Irish Republicanism in the period 1916-22? During the time period of 1916 to 1922, there were many factors that contributed towards the success of Irish Republicanism, and also slowed down the progress towards the eventual achievement of the Irish free-state. Other than Michael Collins, it could also be agreed upon, that both Eamon De Valera and Sinn Fein leader Arthur

The Importance of Implementing School Uniform Policy

4205 words - 17 pages require financial assistance with the cost of the uniforms. By keeping the primary stakeholders involved with the decisions prior to making the policy, schools have a better chance of success from the uniform policy. Appendix A Sec. 11.162. School Uniforms. a) The board of trustees of an independent school district may adopt rules that require students at a school in the district to wear school uniforms if the board determines that the requirement

The Implementation Of English Social Policy

3667 words - 15 pages The evaluation of social policy began in the USA in the 1950s and 1960s, and reached the UK by the early 1970s (Everitt and Hardiker 1996:42-43) by which time British social policy was focused on Beveridge's 'Welfare State' (Jones 1991:134). The term 'evaluation' has many definitions (Alkin 1990:81-3), but for the purposes of this essay, I will use Patton's broad definition of evaluation as 'any effort to increase human effectiveness through

The Role of Government in Policy-Making

873 words - 4 pages Human service organizations are governed by a legislative and judiciary system. The judiciary system decides what policy is legal and illegal, and can require the executive or legislative branch to fix it, in some cases the judiciary can impose a remedy. The legislature system shapes public policy by passing laws, and approving budgets. The Maryland Department of Human Resources is the state's social services provider. The Maryland

How Significant Was the Contribution of O'Connell to the Cause of Irish Nationalism in the Period 1823-1847?

1158 words - 5 pages Irish Nationalism suggests that the Irish people are a nation. Irish leaders and Irish nationalists, like O'Connell, after 1800 can be distinguished by what they want such as their ideas and objectives and the methods they used to persue this. O'Connell was an Irish nationalist and wanted to bring about positive change for the country. He successfully contributed to the cause of Irish Nationalism in the period of 1823-1847 with many of his ideas

Related Papers

The Rise Of The United Irish Men

4553 words - 19 pages , organised as the Irish Patriot Party led by Henry Grattan, campaigned for: reform of the Irish parliament; a lessening of British interference in Ireland's affairs; and expanding the rights and voting franchise for Catholics and Presbyterians. Backing them up was the Irish Volunteers movement, which had widespread Protestant support. Whilst they had limited success such as the establishment of Grattan's Parliament and the repeal of some of the

Readvance Of The British Irish Icesheet

2835 words - 12 pages Re-advance of the last British- Irish Ice Sheet during Greenland Interstade 1 (GI-1): the Wester Ross Re-advance, NW Scotland The importance and nature of glacial records in terms of global climate and environmental situations has become apparent in recent years, and over a century’s worth of investigation has greatly aided the scientific community in their understanding, and thereafter in the reconstruction of paleoclimate

Canadian Public Policy And Administration Employment Equity Act, A Short Paper Evaluating The Success Of The Act

2470 words - 10 pages Commission, the federal government implemented 'The Employment Equity Act' in 1986. This short paper will evaluate the success of the 'Act' and will argue that although some progress has been made, the Canadian Labour force still does not reflect the demographic composition of Canada as the Act had targeted.For the purposes of implementing Employment Equity, certain individuals or groups who are at an employment disadvantage are designated to

The Secret Of Success Essay

502 words - 3 pages The Secret of SuccessWe are born to work. We must achieve something great in a limited time. This is our duty - a duty that every man or woman should bear. But what should we do in order to achieve success. If you want to be successful in your work, you must take this rule: one thing at a time. Indeed, this is a rule for anybody to follow. Some people are too ambitious. They want to do this and they want to do that. They want to do many things