The Supreme Courts Interpretations Of The Fourth And Fifth Amendments; Miranda Warnings And The Exclusionary Rule

516 words - 3 pages

America has an extremely large crime rate. Because of this fact, people are very concerned with the rights of the accused. The Bill of Rights has several expressed rights of criminal suspects to ensure justice. Over the last several decades, the Supreme Court has interpreted these Constitutional protections. The most important of these interpretations is the exclusionary rule and the Miranda warnings.The exclusionary rule is based on the Fourth Amendment. This amendment says that a search warrant can only be issued if there is probable cause. This was interpreted by the Supreme court into the exclusionary rule, which says that evidence must be collected according to these guidelines in ...view middle of the document...

This interpretation of the Supreme Court is based on the Fifth Amendment. Basically, this amendment prohibits self-incrimination by suspects. The accused must be informed of their right to remain silent and to have a lawyer present when being questioned prior to trial. This raised the question of whether confessions were valid in court if the suspect was not informed of their rights prior to the confession. In 1991, the court ruled that a conviction would not be completely overturned of the confession was acquired through coercion. In 1994, the court said that suspects must "assertively and unequivocally" request to have legal counsel. The suspects can't hint that they wanted a lawyer present, they have to make it clear that they want one present. The Miranda rights were developed to protect the accused, but the Supreme Court has also made provisions to see that the suspects don't use them to their advantage and escape justice, although it does happen sometimes.The Court said that the Miranda rights were based on the constitution. Therefore, something that violated the Miranda warnings is unconstitutional. According to this reasoning, the court declared Section 3501 to be unconstitutional. Section 3501 said that statements from suspects could be used against them without being read their rights, as long as they were made voluntarily.The Supreme Court has made several interpretations of the rights of the accused expressed in the Bill of Rights. These interpretations, including the exclusionary rule and the Miranda warnings, give rights to suspects, but also place limitations on these rights so that, ideally, justice is served.

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