The Sureňos Trecè Gang
Global Crime and Criminal Justice
Gang killings are results of drug wars have been refuted by the authorities since blotters report that these homicides are conflicts over territory, status and revenge. Gang wars are not only “inner city” problems but all over as well. Almost every city around the world claims to be gang capitals, like New York or London. Other major cities in the US have also been known to be havens for gang wars such as Houston and Chicago. Youth join gangs, and these young members are not heavily into committing crimes or using drugs but they just want to belong to a specific group for personal purposes and a feeling of belonging. ...view middle of the document...
This fight paved the way in pride and territorial struggle between many different Chicano gang members who are related to the Nuestra Famlia (“our family” in Spanish) and those who have linked themselves with the Mexican Mafia. The rivalry between the Norteños (northerners in Spanish) and the Sureňos was later made known to identify the members from their area or origin. (Kontos, 2008)
The Sureños are controlled and manipulated by the Mexican Mafia, a prison gang made up of Mexican-Americans. The Mexican Mafia began in the later part of the 1950’s by Chicano street gang members who were imprisoned at the Duele Vocational Institution, a facility for young offenders in Tracy, California. Many East Los Angeles members of this gang later formed the “La Eme” (the Mexican Mafia). It is known to be the first Chicano prison gang in California.
In the beginning, the gang’s objective was to protect other prisoners and the prison staff, but as the membership grew, it quickly altered to become a criminal group who were involved in extortion, drug trafficking, and murder. Seriously fatal groups were found to control the drug trade inside the prison walls. This systematic gang established their laws after the Sicilian Mafia. There is a rigid set of laws that govern all the gang members which consequently grew to become a criminal gang. Some of the gang’s activities include expanding its control of drug trafficking, drug rip-offs, prostitution, business robberies, contract murders, gambling, debt collection, extortion, and other illicit activities. Most of their criminal activities initially focused on victimizing Black and Caucasian inmates while leaving Chicano prisoners alone. The prison system in California became aware of the existence and prevalence of the Mexican Mafia and a massive revamp broke the group in the 1960’s. Inmates were relocated to different prisons; however, it only paved the way for more and wider recruitment activities and continued criminal activities – thus allowing the gang to take full control of almost all prisons in the state. The gang members who later were released from the prisons continued their influences outside the prison system. (Unknown, 2008)
The Sureňos Trecè Gang Evolution
For many years, police in Southern California have seen some changes of independent Hispanic groups into a more collective assembly that we know of as the Sureňos. Today, this gang is still known as South Siders or Southern Mexicans or Southern United Raza (SUR). Moreover, the different segments have become stronger and more powerful. The Sureňo gangs on the East Coast which got huge attention in the later part of the 1990’s are spreading fast in the Baltimore and Washington city areas. In the years that follow, police records have reported a huge following of the gang, the biggest two being Mara Salvatrucha and Eighteenth Street. Although East Coast Latino gangs often mirror the Sureño hierarchy on the West Coast, the East Coast has a unique...