On pages 57-58 Wells elaborates on his ideas of the situation between the Morlocks and Eloi further than in earlier parts of the book. He explains the struggle between the Morlocks and the Eloi including altered ideas about the hierarchy of the civilization - how the human race evolved into two different species.
The Time Traveller comes the conclusion that the Morlocks are similar to the working class and the Eloi the upper-class of his time. This started when the Morlocks were pushed underground for so long that they evolved to find “the daylit surface intolerable” providing much evidence that they are definitely the most downtrodden species of the two. The Eloi were spoiled, remained above ground and sat around idle all day doing nothing productive, while the Morlocks, tended machinery and provided food, clothing and infrastructure for the Eloi. However, at night the Eloi were extremely frightened because that was the time ...view middle of the document...
Wells’s thoughts on humanity where influenced by his era and background. He was born into a lower-middle classes family in the Victorian Era, this would have been difficult for him, because at this time class was clearly marked resulting in people becoming very “class conscious” meaning that he would have been judged on how rich his parents were. In contrast to the last factor, the Boer War was from 1899- 1902 where British Concentration Camps were first used to group together enemies. This could have effected the idea that the Morlocks were forced to be grouped together in a different space to the Eloi. To add to that, the Industrial Revolution was at it’s peak during Wells’s life. He witnessed how Industrial Revolution and Capitalism alarmingly further divided the classes.
In my opinion, the situation between the Morlocks and the Eloi seems to be a constant struggle which never could never be resolved simply, however, it could be argued that it indeed is not a struggle, but a symbiotic relationship meaning that they are two different species that live benefit from/harmed by each other- the Eloi get fed and clothed by the Morlocks, and in return, the Morlocks eat the Eloi. In real terms, the idea that two species could evolve from the human race I believe is not plausible, I could see how that could have been a good observation in the Wells’s era when there was two classes - upper and lower, and people generally chose their sexual partners according to what class they were. However the peoples’ mentalities have changed since the Victorian times, generally there is not such a big division between rich and poor therefore people do not choose a mate due to their class in society. Saying that, I believe the human race is now more racially interbred than in the Victorian Era, causing people to argue that this could form a two combined races.
In my opinion, it is amazing that Well’s could create such a well-thought-out theory that more than a hundred years later is still plausible among many scientists.