Introduction of the play
The Tragical History of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, or more simply Hamlet, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601. The play, set in the Kingdom of Denmark, recounts how Prince Hamlet exacts revenge on his uncle Claudius for murdering the old King Hamlet(Claudius's brother and Prince Hamlet's father) and then succeeding to the throne and marrying Gertrude(the King Hamlet's widow and mother of Prince Hamlet). The play vividly portrays real and feigned madness – from overwhelming grief to seething rage – and explores themes of treachery, revenge, incest, and moral corruption.
Hamlet is Shakespeare's longest play and ...view middle of the document...
His sorrow and perplexity is deepened by his mother’s hasty marriage with his uncle.claudius.
Hamlet departed from contemporary dramatic convention in several ways. In Hamlet, Shakespeare shows that it is through the soliloquies, not the action, that the audience learns Hamlet's motives and thoughts. The play is full of seeming discontinuities and irregularities of action. At one point, as in the Gravedigger scene, Hamlet seems resolved to kill Claudius: in the next scene, however, when Claudius appears, he is suddenly tame. Scholars still debate whether these twists are mistakes or intentional additions to add to the play's theme of confusion and duality. Hamlet also contains a favourite Shakespearean device, A play within the play, a literary device or conceit in which one story is told during the action of another story.
Hamlet's statement that his dark clothes are the outer sign of his inner grief demonstrates strong rhetorical skill. Much of Hamlet's language is courtly: elaborate, witty discourse. Claudius's speech is rich...