The Trojan War Essay

547 words - 3 pages

Trojan War

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus king of Sparta. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably through Homer's Iliad. The Iliad relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy; its sequel, the Odyssey describes Odysseus's journey home. Other parts of the war are described in a cycle of epic poems, which have survived through fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets including Virgil and Ovid.
The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, ...view middle of the document...

After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern-day Italy.
The ancient Greeks thought that the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern-day Turkey near the Dardanelles. As of the mid-19th century, both the war and the city were widely believed to be non-historical. In 1868, however, the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann met Frank Calvert, who convinced Schliemann that Troy was at Hissarlik and Schliemann took over Calvert's excavations on property belonging to Calvert;[1] this claim is now accepted by most scholars.[2][3] Whether there is any historical reality behind the Trojan War is an open question. Many scholars believe that there is a historical core to the tale, though this may simply mean that the Homeric stories are a fusion of various tales of sieges and expeditions by Mycenaean Greeks during the Bronze Age. Those who believe that the stories of the Trojan War are derived from a specific historical conflict usually date it to the 12th or 11th centuries BC, often preferring the dates given by Eratosthenes, 1194–1184 BC, which roughly corresponds with archaeological evidence of a catastrophic burning of Troy VII.[4]

Other Essays Like The Trojan War

The Iliad - Mythology Essay

698 words - 3 pages conflict, and what is all done by the Greeks and Trojans. During the time of the Trojan war, was an unwritten code of heroic conduct that the warriors followed. Defeated warriors were not always killed, they were often taken as a prisoner and then returned for a lump of money or some type of gift. Homer shows that mercy rarely survives in war. Two Greek warriors,Diomedes and Odysseus, sneak into a sleeping Trojan camp and kill many unarmed Trojans

Iliad Summary Essay

2473 words - 10 pages Summary 1 The poet invokes a muse to aid him in telling the story of the rage of Achilles, the greatest Greek hero to fight in the Trojan War. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war, as the Achaeans sack a Trojan-allied town and capture two beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. Agamemnon, commander-in-chief of the Achaean army, takes Chryseis as his prize. Achilles, one of the Achaeans’ most valuable warriors, claims

The Odyssey By Homer

1619 words - 7 pages One of the most famous works from the early Greek era is Homer's The Odyssey, an epic story that has been a significant piece of literature since it was first composed and will remain so for ages to come. It details the journey home of a war hero, Odysseus. Set in ancient Greece, The Odyssey is about the hero Odysseus' long-awaited return from the Trojan War to his homeland, Ithaca, after ten years of wandering. The current action of The Odyssey

Gods Personify Us

1464 words - 6 pages Gods Personify Us “We everlasting gods… Ah what chilling blows we suffer-thanks to our own conflicting wills-whenever we show there moral men some kindness’’ It is obvious that the gods and goddesses are very important in traditional Greek Culture. The whole cause of the Trojan War is based around the fact that even gods can feel emotions such as jealousy, anger and vengeance. The gods are used by Homer to add twists on an otherwise standard


431 words - 2 pages came to the gods. Greek and Romans wore similar clothing that consisted in wearing a robe with and sandals. Their terms of war were a lot similar to them war was really significant if your son lost a battle he was a disgrace to your family.How did this elements contributed to our world?Without the Print Press we wouldn't know anything about how to print or what was printing we probably would be printing like the Chinese people printed with carved

Greek Theatre "Despite the Suppression of Women Throughout the Plays They Are Still the Stronger Sex."

1712 words - 7 pages women of the time, as they break the rules, by leaving their homes, speaking and standing up for what they believe in and challenge the patriarchal society. Iphigenia at Aulis From the very beginning of Iphigenia at Aulis we see the weakness of men in comparison to women. The Trojan War is mainly caused by Helen going to Troy with Paris and leaving her husband Menelaus. “He lusted after Helen, she after him. Since Menelaus was away, he

Cyber Crime the New Age Devil

1279 words - 6 pages themselves to other files and to other computers on a network. They usually affect the data on a computer, either by altering or deleting it. Unlike viruses, the worms slowly eat up the entire data. 7. Trojan attacks : This term has its origin in the word ‘Trojan horse’. In software field this means an unauthorized programme, which passively gains control over another’s system by representing itself as an authorised programme. The most common

Electra - a Cycle of Violence

858 words - 4 pages Electra is known as one of the most famous Greek tragedy written by Sophocles. Based on the background of the city of Argos after the Trojan War, the play is all about the vengeance of Electra and Orestes, who are Agamemnon and Clytemnestra’s children. The tragedy starts when the King Agamemnon is killed by his wife Clytemnestra and his first cousin Aegisthus. As the hatred for her cruel mother has rising, Electra determines to take revenge for

Heor or Anti-Hero?

865 words - 4 pages Aeneas are former soldiers in the Trojan War, but they are on different sides in this war. Aeneas wants to find a new place for him and the Trojan remnant to settle, so he goes to the Underworld for visiting Anchises-who can gives him directions to his future. In the case of Odysseus, his purpose of heading to Hades is not that noble. He just wants to go back to his home after the destruction of Troy, and he needs to know how could he do that by

Are Closed Digital Training Networks Vulnerable to Hackers?

2364 words - 10 pages security should be paramount. Patterson states in regards to employee education that “Even if [devices] were under tighter control, most companies still need to invest more into education” (2013). While the focus to this point has been on the threat of insider attacks as it pertains to malicious code and closed digital networks, the intent is not to discount the reality of outsider attacks. A Trojan, by its nature, could allow for the insertion

The Odyssey Explication

590 words - 3 pages makes the reader interested in what the ghost has to say. Being able to connect your literature to history is a big thing, because it gives your piece meaning, this process is also called allusion. “…Tell me of noble Peleus…” (256-562). Peleus is a well know and one of the bravest heroes in Greek mythology. “…Killing the best fighters Troy could field…” (256-569). In this quotation Achilles is making a reference to the Trojan War. Achilles also lost his life in that war, and he is mad at Odysseus for surviving the war, because Achilles was a better fighter than him.

Related Papers

The Trojan War Essay

1351 words - 6 pages The Trojan War      The Trojan War took place in approximately the 13th century. The ancient Greeks defeated the City of Troy. The Trojan War started after an incident at the wedding feast of Peleus, the king of Thessaly, and Thetis, a sea goddess. All the gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus had been invited except Eris, the goddess of discord. Eris was offended and tried to stir up trouble among the guests at the feast

Undergraduate Marketing Plan For Trojan Essay

1927 words - 8 pages Company History Trojan is owned by Church & Dwight Company, Incorporated, also known as, Arm & Hammer. The company is headquartered in Princeton, New Jersey and employed about 3,700 people as of December 2008. Church & Dwight Co., Inc., founded in 1846, is the leading U.S. producer of sodium bicarbonate, popularly known as baking soda. Church & Dwight's consumer products business is organized into two segments: Consumer Domestic

Greek Essay

266 words - 2 pages The Odyssey and the Iliad There was a blind poet named Homer and he lived in the time of the 700s B.C. and wote two of the best novels- The iliad and the Odyssey. The Iliad and the Odyssey Took place durin and after the Trojan war. The Trojan war was fought by the Myceneans and Troy in the mid-1200s B.C.The Iliad starts out when a Trojan prince named Paris and falls in love with Helen, the wife of a Myceanaean king, and he took her with him to

To What Extent Would Removing The Immortals From The Odyssey Improve Or Weaken The Poem?

1199 words - 5 pages and would look very different as a story of a man trying to achieve his nostos, after the Trojan War. Ultimately, it must be acknowledged that without the immortal gods, the Odyssey would most likely not exist as the Trojan War would not have happened. The Trojan War began due to Paris’ decision to give the golden apple ‘for the most beautiful’ to Aphrodite (instead of Athene or Hera) as she offered him Helen as his wife. At the wedding of