The United Nations Convention On Global Warming

654 words - 3 pages

The United Nations Convention on Global Warming
The United Nations Framework Convention on climate change came into force on 21st March 1994. Signed by over 160 countries in 1992, it set the agenda for action to slow and stabilize climate change. The signatories to the convention recognized the reality of global warming, and the uncertainties associated with current predictions of climate change, and agreed that action to mitigate the effects of climate change need to be taken. It also pointed out that developed countries should take the lead in this action (Krasno, 2004).
The convention mentions one particular aim concerned with the relatively short-term and one far-reaching objective ...view middle of the document...

The target for short-term action proposed for developed countries by the Climate Convention is that by the year 2015, greenhouse gas emissions should be brought back to no more than their 1990 levels. In the run up to the Rio conference, before the Climate Convention was formulated, many developed countries had already announced their intention to meet such a target at least for carbon dioxide. They would do this mainly through energy saving measures through switching to fuels such as natural gas, which for the same energy production generates 40 per cent less carbon dioxide than coal and 30 per cent less than oil (Newton, 2009).
In addition, those countries with traditional heavy industries like the iron and steel industry are experiencing large changes which significantly reduce fossil fuel use. By 1995, halfway through the decade, energy related emissions of carbon dioxide from those developed countries belonging to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) had increased in total by about 4...

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