Traditional Medicine- Systems of medicine developed before the era of modern medicine, based on cultural beliefs and ancestral practices.
Modern Medicine-Medicine as practiced by holders of M.D (medical doctor).Other terms includes: allopathic medicine; western medicine; mainstream medicine; orthodox medicine; regular medicine and biomedicine.
Acupuncture- a medical treatment from China that involves putting sharp thin needles into the body at very specific points.
Naturopathy- a system of medical treatment that treats illness by natural methods such as exercising and controlling the food you eat.
Reflexology- a form of alternative medicine in which the soles of the ...view middle of the document...
The primary sources were the survey and personal interviews. These were used to collect both quantitative data (any data which can be counted or expressed numerically) and qualitative data (any data that may be described in a non-numerical manner). The sample population was drawn from residents of St. Augustine. Households were selected using stratified random sampling, this being the most convenient method for the researcher. This allowed the sample to be smaller, unbiased, and valid and more accurately represent the entire population of St. Augustine, which was necessary for objectivity and reliability of the study.
The survey comprised 20 questionnaires, each having 11 varied questions (See Appendix Four). The questionnaires were given out to 20 individuals, completed and returned to the researcher immediately. Therefore all 20 questionnaires were collected. The questionnaires were distributed between the 25th and 29th January, 2013. Quantitative data was obtained through limited answer and qualitative data through open ended questions.
In order to get a deeper insight into the issue of the use of TM in St. Augustine and a wider understanding of the position of the different stakeholders in the field of Traditional Medicine, personal interviews (See Appendix Five) were conducted between December 2012 and January 2013. Interviewees included an alternative medicine practitioner, a Trinidadian medical student at the Canadian College of Naturopathy, a member of the Hindu community and a member of the Seventh Day Adventist community. These interviews gave greater meaning and understanding to the research literature as well as clarity into the actual use of Traditional Medicine in St. Augustine.
The secondary sources of data used included international and regional research articles and books on similar studies to the one being conducted. Quantitative data obtained included statistics relating to the use of Traditional Medicine and its users, taken from prior studies. Qualitative data obtained included reports on previous studies similar to the one being conducted, used as references and articles for the Literature Review.
PURPOSE OF RESEARCH
The use of complementary and alternative medicine in modern medicine has grown dramatically in the last ten years. Many alternative therapies, such as herbal remedies, are mainstream or traditional in many parts of the world. The district of St. Augustine, located in north-western Trinidad (See Appendix Two), of which I have lived for the last eighteen years, is home to many mainstream medical practices, an alternative medicine clinic, herbal shops as well as the headquarters of two religious organizations which promote Traditional Medicine-The Sanatan Dharma Maha Saba and the Seventh Day Adventist. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of Traditional Medicine in such an urban environment and offer solutions for an...