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The Water Supply Of Florida Essay

2228 words - 9 pages

The water supply of Florida is important for a number of reasons. But it is crucial because it not only helped develop human society but it is also continually sustaining it. There are a number of phases and processes that take place to make this happen.
There are numerous stages that take place simultaneously in the hydrologic cycle and this includes evaporation. This is when the water alters from a liquid state into a gas. The damp air from the water rises into the atmosphere and when it cools, the vapor condenses and shapes into clouds. But those billows are not the only form the vapors make; it can also materialize as dew, fog and mist, which blanket the Earth, characteristically on a ...view middle of the document...

S Geological Survey”). Aquifers are the zones in the ground which are saturated with water that collect and store water. The hydrologic cycle plays a role in the aquifers because the precipitation or rainfall that takes place during the cycle that is absorbed by porous rocks is pumped from the rock through wells. The rainfall constantly refills the aquifers and this process happens incessantly.
Aquifers are a layer of absorbent rock that is located underground that holds and spreads water. They are important because they provide water for society. There are different types of aquifers, which are categorized depending upon their purpose and location. The first is the Floridan Aquifer, which is one of the most widely used systems to this day because of its efficiency. It covers one hundred thousand square miles all across Florida. But it has always been one of the most important natural resources due to the fact that it produces over eight billion gallons of water each day to the public. Unfortunately, it is in distress because of contamination from leaking gasoline tanks, industrial wastes and sewage from the street. Although contamination is harmful, there are plenty of businesses throughout Florida that are doing their best to keep the water safe to drink and sell for commercial use through filtration (Wilson). The fresh, clean water from the aquifer is a vital source of water for drinking, residential, as well as agricultural use (Wilson). However, places where the water is dirty or contains undrinkable saltwater, sewage and waste is released into it.
Another type of aquifer is the Surficial Aquifer system, which is restricted only to “commercial” and “domestic” use. The Biscayne and the sand and gravel aquifers are both categorized under the surficial system. The Biscayne Aquifer covers four thousand miles across the southern most parts of Florida along the Dade and Broward counties, which provides water for cities such as Boca Raton, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami. The sand and gravel aquifer stretches approximately six thousand miles from the panhandle of Florida to the southwestern parts of Alabama and it is a main source of water supply for the southeastern coast of Florida. The Chokoloskee Aquifer is also categorized as a surficial aquifer, which covers over three thousand miles in southeast Florida. It provides water for areas such as Dade, Broward, Palm Beach and Monroe County. Unfortunately, it has been contaminated by fuel spills, landfills as well as saltwater because of its location. The Intermediate Aquifer consists of sand and limestone like the surficial systems. Intermediate Aquifers are located in the southwestern parts of Florida between the surficial and Floridan systems. This system provides safe water for cities such as Sarasota on the southwestern coast of Florida. The intermediate system contains water in “confined” or conditions, but it does not hold as much water as the Floridan aquifer system, which is far larger...

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