It is crucial to have a complete understanding of how one is to view and respond to the problems of the world in light of the different schools of thought. This is best done with a worldview. A worldview is a comprehensive collection of one's beliefs in every area of rational thought. It dictates a person's actions and responses to the world in which they live.
In addition to providing the details of one’s beliefs, a worldview has the added benefit of showing how different schools of thought interact and influence one another (Tackett, 2006). Having a well constructed worldview would, for example, bring to light inconsistencies with philosophy and ethics that one might maintain and allow ...view middle of the document...
After encountering many philosophical systems, I have found all the commonly discussed ones sorely lacking. They either completely neglect some key areas of functional relationships between man and nature, or are wholly offensive to any idea of good living. A prime example would be postmodernism. That philosophical system states that all truth is relative and that there is no real objectivity to be had (Englebretsen, 1995). Without the allowance for objectivity, there can be no good or evil, nor anything outside our own imagination. You may not exist and I might not either. If not for the existence of reality beyond our own perceptions, there would be no point whatsoever to science or philosophy or any other field of study. All that would matter is enjoyable experiences, where knowledge and interaction with what appears to be the world are only tools with which we use to gain the next pleasure. If everyone who claimed that ideology were to act upon it, society would be thrown into sociopathic, hedonistic chaos.
Seeing that the majority of philosophical systems that attempt to address the primary aspects of reality are lacking, I sought to find a more spartan system that only held a few key points, and then goes on to provide a sensible framework that can be built upon constructively. This led me to examine critical realism.
Critical realism is a philosophical framework that simply states that there is a real, rational universe that exists apart from our minds, that we can know things about that universe, and that our ability to learn about the universe is limited (Wright, 1992). The first two statements are the most important parts, ultimately allowing for truth to exist apart from our own perceptions. This is something that most people who are not die-hard relativists can agree with.
The third statement is what separates critical realism from the various flavors of modernism, and is what sold me on the concept as being the most correct. Typically, the attitude that permeates scientists, theologians, and others who believe in a real, knowable world, is one where they assume that everything has the possibility of being known. Critical realism states that, though things can be known and trusted as true, we cannot know them with absolute certainty because the tools that we use to learn about the world are flawed and limited.
This attitude is meant to instill healthy skepticism, and a desire to improve the tools with which we examine the world so that we may know it with greater certainty. This not only applies to science, but also to faith. For example, a christian critical realist would say that we can know that God exists and that the Bible is accurate, but our knowledge of the nature of God is limited because our interpretation of the Bible is flawed and limited. This limitation is meant to be challenged, because there is much that can be known, and it only right to seek it out, especially if what you find to be true negates your previous...